17

Fortifications If this is a fixed location defence, then fortify, using standard layered defences with a couple of tweaks to take advantage of the giants' weaknesses. Early warning - as with any defensive position, have sentries to give early warning of approaching enemies. Make sure each sentry has a trained dog that will be able to use its better-than-...


14

There's no contradiction It's true that 'fast-twitch' muscles are more powerful than 'slow twitch'. However, what isn't true is that the primary advantage is based off of slow twitch taking more power - it actually doesn't! Since slow twitch muscles are endurance muscles, in the short term, fast twitch will eclipse them, however, long term the slow twitch ...


9

a pike, or a halberd would be ideal for this task, as would most polearms. for fighting a giant, you'd want to have something with reach, and hence the polearm. using their weight aganst them, and polearm is your choice. Battlefield weapons is what Vikings warriors actually used in real life, plus the spear and pike was what most viking warriors used, so ...


8

Xenoanthropology. Or possibly some variant of it, depending on just what aspects were being studied. Xeno- is often taken to mean "from another planet" in most of these words, but it originally meant something like "foreign". It would apply on worlds where two unrelated sapient species co-evolved.


8

Sounds like a fair fight The biggest problem that you indicate is that the tengu are physically weak. Fortunately for them, by the high medieval period, defending an area did not necessarily require the defenders to by stronger than the attackers. Depending on how you define that time period, you could have crossbows with cranks and other devices. And that ...


7

Your most effective weapon is your organisation. People tend to focus way too much on hardware, which can be pretty marginal in warfare. A well-trained, well-organised, well-disciplined force with good leadership and sound tactical sense will beat a disorganised, undisciplined force with ease. Lack of intelligence means the giants are doomed to fall prey ...


6

Mountains + defense + an even sort of airborne intelligent race makes any sort of invasion absolute suicide. Mountains are full of narrow passes and paths flanked by nearly vertical rocky cliffs. Your Tengu don't need to be great at flying as long as it helps them take the high ground. Your invading army will need to walk through countless passes where ...


5

I'll go tree-hugger on this one. Vikings didn't use much stone, so grow a forest around your village. Giants call this accursed place "headwhack forest". The tree species should be selected for its propensity to grow low branches, so a conifer would be a bad choice, but there are Scandinavian oaks that should be able to do that. With a bit of work (ie, ...


5

Your species would likely have an easier time dealing with overpopulation issues than humanity Humans are unusual among animals in that they have a combination of two physiological traits which by themselves already are uncommon among animals. Concealed ovulation: Human females do not produce any visible signals of high fertility or ovulation. In most ...


5

No, they are much too different animals for it to work, and even if it did, the two animals' bodies work so differently that it would not survive long at all. The best you can do is modify a human's genome to make it so that parts of its body resemble a spider.


4

They have got jack squat. So no-one is interested in taking them over. The tengu spend most of their time meditating and discussing mediation with one another. They do not accumulate treasure and make nothing of any value, instead trading self-composed songs and poems (about meditation) which other races find cringingly painful. They make terrible slaves ...


4

The bigger they are the harder they fall. Humans can break bones in a fall, and a giant is going to fall further and harder than a human. If falling onto flat ground isn't enough to kill them then six foot tall spikes would help. For this reason I think rope trip traps would be you best bet, perhaps aided with a bit of oil or grease. The Slaves aren't that ...


3

We're looking at something peculiar here. The claws are what make me question a "it's a giant chimpanzee" approach,since the reason primates have nails instead of claws is that they got in the way when wrapping the hand around branches. I won't lie here, but the main problem is: being able to breed with a human means a relatively recent ancestor to the ...


3

I'd say the easiest way is by an explanation of sexual selection akin to that of birds of prey, in which the females were originally as big and strong as males, but overtime, they started grouping together during mating periods and sexually selecting smaller and weaker males which were safer and less aggressive to mate with, while ganging up on and killing ...


3

Humans also struggle with a hard-to-control urge to reproduce. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birth_control And not just sometimes. Having children is a biological imperative and also makes economic sense in many situations. Entire disciplines could be dedicated to the topic. My summary: Decrease infant mortality. You do not need to get pregnant over ...


3

The defenders don't have access to potent poisons. No neurotoxic sap on your arrow. The best they can manage would be something that cause an infection. Some poisons available to Scandinavians: lectin - available from mistletoe (Viscus Album) - the plant from which the arrow that killed Baldr (a brother of Thor) was made ergot killed King Magnus II of ...


3

Sapientologist. from OED sapient, adj. and n Etymology: < Old French sapient or < Latin sapient-em wise, noun, wise man, present participle of sapĕre to have a taste or savour, to be sensible or wise. The scholar who studies intelligence would not be limited to a given race, species, provenance, or even living vs nonliving things. One ...


3

One of the main reasons for the creation of feudal "cities" at the beginning of the medieval period was the fear of the invasions and the decline in slaves, making it so the rich nobles built castles to protect themselves and invited peasants to work for them (and later protect them from the invaders), at the exchange of them being "stuck" to the land and ...


3

Possibly. Trees grow flowers and fruits, so if somehow the tree was altered where the instead of flowers and fruit, it grew embryos and had a sac to hold them until they matured.


3

Most parasitic or symbiotic lifeforms work this way: the host provides resources for the lifeforms to grow an reproduce. Mistletoe is a simple example of nutrient extraction of the host tree. On a more impressive scale, Toxoplasma make infected mice and rats behave in ways that make them easy prey for cats – the later being the hosts where Toxoplasma will ...


3

If they have gunpowder, they'd be invincible. Have you considered how much damage they can do, with 3 arms on each side, thus able to aim and reload even black powder revolvers with paper cartridges, on BOTH sides at the same time AND dual-wielding at the same time? Continuous volley like a slow machine gun. Yikes. I won't ever bother giving them ...


2

Kamikaze, fires, boiling oil, explosives and chemical warfare. No matter if you use a "medieval" setting, bombs, flame throwers and various types of grenades where invented around the 4th century or even earlier. King X wants to invade the Tengu village/city/citadel/nation because his country is starving due to overpopulation and they need more fertile ...


2

Some derivative of Anthropology Along the lines of the suggestion made by @puppetsock in the comments, Anthropology is the study of humans coming from Ancient Greek "Anthropos". Following the same pattern for whatever specific race you are studying would simply make sense. In a fantasy setting: Aelfology might be for Elves (Old-English root because the ...


2

a state backed contraceptive campaign should do nicely. or have contraceptives be mandatory by law once an individual of this species reaches a certain age. the solutions to this problem are very simple.


2

The brain is plastic, it adapts... When an athlete gains muscle mass some stem cells on the back of the head are used to create new brain cells, and when animals become bigger with more muscle their brains grow too.


2

Asocial behaviour is heavily correlated to testosterone. And excessive testosterone is heavily correlated to people surviving hard situations. It is unknown if slavery, rape, war, almost starving to death or being on the edge of death daily causes people to produce more testosterone to have better chances to survive or if only people with naturally higher ...


2

Economic warfare. Giants gotta eat. If they have agriculture, burn their fields in hit and run raids. If they are hunter-gatherers, kill their preferred prey species and root out whatever plants they gather. That forces the giants to raid human settlements for food, but over time this species cannot win a war of attrition against humans. At this size, ...


1

Fight them from a fortified height, soften them up long range then axes and spears as they close. A half naked mob of runaway slaves beat the Romans using slings from high ground in the Second Servile War, for giants staff slings and bows would be better, they require little training and can throw bigger rocks or incendiaries as far as a hand sling. They're ...


1

as described by others they possess incredible advantages for defence, but IMO their best way to defend their land is to never have to... As a long-lived creature, long term planning should be more prevalent than In human society. They have a consistent diplomatic effort to ally with neighbours. If diplomacy is not working they rely on black ops to be sure ...


1

A dullahan could be something similar to a humanoid Disturbance but with the sensory organs being inside the prosoma, with the detachable head being just a regular human head


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