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One of the many things I'm afraid of is the existence of lasers that cause permanent blindness. I know that it would take a lot of energy to melt someone's face or cut off limbs like in Star Wars, but the idea of simply shining a light at someone to the point that they can no longer see, forever, seems way more possible/plausible to me. I can imagine battlefields of the future where soldiers on both sides are afraid to look out beyond no man's land for fear of never being able to look again. Luckily, it seems like no one has built a gun specifically for this purpose.

That said, I want to know how.

So that's what I'm asking: can you create a gun that shoots permanent blindness lasers, and if so, what do/would you need? For some parameters, let's say it's effective at 50 meters, on unshielded targets that are looking directly at the gun. It should work fast enough to not be foiled by blinking. Aside from that, I'd appreciate optimization to size, range, accuracy, and acceptable deviation angle of target's field of view.

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    $\begingroup$ You build such a laser, I'll build the standard issue protection goggles which all troops are going to be equipped with from now on. $\endgroup$ – AndreiROM Jan 28 '16 at 19:41
  • $\begingroup$ You could use a focused sound wave to create vibration that dislodge retina's from the cornea. There is also focused UV light lasers but that can be overcome with the safety glasses too. $\endgroup$ – Citizen Jan 28 '16 at 20:04
  • $\begingroup$ @AndreiROM You could make safety glasses a little less effective by issuing lasers in different wavelengths. Safety glasses are generally designed to block out a certain types of lasers, but not others... You might be able to make goggles with different layers of lenses $\endgroup$ – AndyD273 Jan 28 '16 at 20:04
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    $\begingroup$ On a side note, apparently the US didn't agree to the 1995 United Nations Protocol on Blinding Laser Weapons until 2009... $\endgroup$ – AndyD273 Jan 28 '16 at 20:59
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    $\begingroup$ The "near-future" tag on this question is misleading. Such a weapon is called a "laser", is commonplace and cheap and so easy to weaponize that an international treaty was developed to ban such weaponization. en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protocol_on_Blinding_Laser_Weapons $\endgroup$ – user16869 Jan 29 '16 at 10:22
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Laser eye safety has to do with intensity of the beam.

Lasers come in different classes based on intensity, and how dangerous they are:
Class 3R: Safe with limited beam viewing. Prolonged exposure has a low risk of injury.

Class 3B: Class 3b lasers can cause severe eye injuries if beams are viewed directly or specular reflections are viewed.
Diffuse reflections (non shiny surface) are safe to view. A Class 3 laser is not normally a fire hazard. Example: visible HeNe lasers above 5 milliwatts but not exceeding 500 milliwatts radiant power

Class 4: Class 4 lasers are a hazard to the eye from the direct beam and specular reflections and sometimes even from diffuse reflections. Class 4 lasers can also start fires and can damage skin.

Retinal injuries can occur instantaneously with Class 3b and Class 4 lasers; the damage may be irreparable. Corneal burns from far-IR and UV lasers may also be irreparable. Class 4 beams may be of sufficient power intensities to penetrate through the sclera (white) of the eye and damage the retina and other structures; thus, turning one's head or not looking directly at the laser offers little or no protection to high power lasers. Lenticular damage may also be caused by the beam and by photochemical reactions from exposure to UV and blue frequencies.

So, you'd want either a class 3b or class 4 laser.

Here's a class 4 hand held laser for $200.
It has a max beam visibility range of 72761 meters, though the blinding effect is probably half that.

It really wouldn't do a lot of good though, since laser safety glasses are available even at these intensities, and if side A started using blinding weapons, side B would just issue safety glasses along with helmets and flack jackets.

Found more information on LaserPointerSafety.com

Found an answer to my question from the other day...
there are temporarily blinding laser dazzlers which can be used in crowd control and war situations, and are legal under the 1995 United Nations Protocol on Blinding Laser Weapons.

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Wait, you mean to say there is a way to hurt and harm humans that is technically feasible and is not in service?

Nope, we have them:

enter image description here

The device, officially called a “visual optical jammer station Grach,” was revealed this week at a military expo in Kubinka near Moscow. It’s a remotely-controlled device with two to four projectors that produce light intensive enough to suppress enemy sensors and cause temporal blindness in humans.

The projectors radiate light in the infrared and ultraviolet ranges of the spectrum, which means they affect devices such as thermal visors which rely on such wavelengths. Grach is intended to provide cover for troops during firefights and hinder enemy reconnaissance. It can also be used as a regular searchlight and to send light signals large distances.

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  • $\begingroup$ Before you ask, "temporal" was in the source. I assume they meant "temporary." $\endgroup$ – Serban Tanasa Jan 28 '16 at 21:24
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    $\begingroup$ Oh no, I can't see time anymore! I've been temporal blinded! $\endgroup$ – Ambrose Winters May 19 '17 at 20:46

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