To Serve nuclear weapons - build a monster
Upshot-Knothole Grable, tested in 1953 fired a nuclear artillery projectile.
The M65 cannon used had a bore of 280mm (11"), barrel length 1380mm (54") and weighed 77 tons. It fired a AFAP (artillery-fired atomic projectile) round up to 32km at 625 m/s. The AFAP round in this test had an airburst detonation at 160m altitude, estimated yield: 15 kilotons (Hiroshima).
The kind of tank that can mount an 11", 77 ton cannon is going to be an absolute monster. A landship weighing hundreds of tons, if we're talking integrated radars / air defense systems like Tor-M1 on the same platform pretty soon you will need nuclear power just to propel the thing.
If you're willing to accept smaller payloads, and thus smaller delivery systems (short range missiles) you could end up with something more closely resembling a main battle tank. I still think most of the vehicle would be dedicated to erecting and firing the missile.
To fight on a nuclear battlfield, not as bad
- Hardened electronics like those used in satellite and aerospace systems.
- Radiation shielding and sensors in the crew compartment.
- Sealed CBR air recycling.
- Some anti-radiation iodine pills in the first-aid kit.
- Low profile and low center of gravity to resist blast waves and drag effects.
- Maybe even some ablative, insulated armor like they have on the space shuttles to withstand the heat of a near miss.
- Also, a breach with double seals or that doesn't open directly into the crew compartment.
- integrated, low-drag antenna fairings that won't get torn off in the high pressure winds