109

If science proved that there was a God, the first thing everyone would try to do would be determine if he was their God. Depending on the nature of the God and how it's proven that he exists, this may be easy or hard to do. During the period in which everyone was still trying to determine which God he is, there would be a host of reactions. Some believers ...


75

Space Generation ships are huge, but they aren't designed for experiments; they're built to move from point A to point B. Just like airlines don't have a dedicated science lab, your ships may not have a research facility. Only minor advances that could be made in a cramped personal apartment would even be possible. Need Necessity is the mother of ...


66

The best starting point would be knowing about Turing Machines. Alan Turing thought these up in 1936, so your human-vampire hybrid could have learned about these shortly before entering hybernation. In case you are not aware, a Turing machine is basically an abstract version of a computer. It's a theoretical device that can compute anything that can be ...


65

You don't really need some speculative alternate reality, our own history is full of such events. Two "missing inventions" are for example the wheel in pre-Columbic America, or the computer in the early 20th century, when Babbage’s pre-work was already close to 100 years old and vacuum tubes (triodes) and relays were otherwise widely used and available. ...


58

Rockets Rockets are the fastest means of acceleration we have but it's just not efficient but for a stargate, this isn't a problem as you can open the gate to refuel. You effectively build the stargate into a ship and use the gate to refuel and resupply. Crew can come and go as wanted. As tech improves, you bring it through the gate and upgrade the ship ...


51

Math. It's the basis for computer languages and would give a good starting place to learning modern languages. The first low level programming languages where created in the 40's, and high level languages in the 50's. So the vampire would not have had any experience or knowledge of computers in the 30's. Knowledge of math would at least give a background ...


50

Joe should become the ultimate research assistant. He can't say, write or otherwise communicate any untrue information. At all. This includes information about fundamental physical laws, past events (even if he knows nothing else about the event) and even the future. There is no need to do actual research, etc. for complicated questions. Just have ...


46

There are two different questions here: First question: Which scientists are needed on the expedition? Clearly, competition for space on the exploration ship will be intense. Expect battles, backbiting, politicking, and all manner of behavior unbecoming scientists. To make it even worse, some specialties require a lot of gear (mass spectrometers, ...


43

Jesus said, "If you were blind, you would not be guilty of sin; but now that you claim you can see, your guilt remains." From this principle it is clear to a Christian that God's behavior is proportionate to the amount of religious knowledge that an individual or society possesses. Thus if a scientific demonstration of God's existence were given, a Christian ...


41

My great-grandfather headed an Electrical Engineering department from 1946-1956, just as the important transitions into electronic processing were being made and WWII computing technology became unclassified. During his tenure as chair, he purchased the university's first computer, REAC 100, and hired some professors to develop on it. His background was in ...


40

All of their resources are carefully controlled. Technological advancement generally requires the utilization of large amounts of resources to construct advanced laboratories, build novel materials, and test new procedures that could very well destroy or render unusable large amounts of resources that could otherwise be used for something else. On Earth, ...


37

The real answer By definition, you can not prove a supernatural god with science. This is why religion operates on faith rather than scientific evidence. This is not a definition of faith, it's why faith has a place in religion. To my knowledge, gods are supernatural. There are so many different gods that I don't think supernatural is a requirement, but ...


35

Props The easiest and simplest way for your Magician to use his magic is simply to use it with various props he may have. He doesn't need to explain anything, scientists will work VERY hard to explain anything they don't understand. All they need is a carrot to run after. I.e.: Your magician is flying to work. All he needs is to take out his skateboard (to ...


35

The abstraction that a computer is a von-neumann machine, or that it "runs unix", is an abstraction, and all abstractions leak. The computer is actually a physical arrangement of atoms and has electrical potentials running through it. Now, the AI was probably written in the abstraction, so violating that abstraction has a high risk of danger for the AI. (...


33

I think the knowledge would simply be lost in time unless they actually have use for it. A tribe of post-neolithic settlers have very little use for differential equations and stuff of that level. And even simpler stuff like linear algebra would not be helpful to them. Basic math is easily applicable in everyday life. Even in simple non-currency-based ...


32

No, the computer cannot do science Science is the following process: Observe reality Make a hypothesis about how reality works Create an experiment Perform the experiment Compare the results of experiment to what the hypothesis said would happen Ask others to validate the results If the results are not validated, return to 1. Otherwise collect prize in ...


31

Anything that involves processing data Computers are all about... well... computing. So first option would be some kind of profession that deal with collecting, collating and computing data. Preferably so in an very strict and organized manner according to certain procedures / algorithms. Mathematician Librarian Cryptanalyst / code breaker Census taker / ...


31

With the all knowing AI at hand, anything would be possible, so you could handwave this as you see fit, surely? The issues are probably ones of fabrication... people have made piston engines for centuries, because the key elements that need to be made with the highest precision are things that can be handily fabricated on a lathe, and lathes are the ...


30

If you have the ability to accurately teleport handgun cartridges, why not send the project directly at the victim with the appropriate kinetic energy? http://animagraffs.com/how-a-handgun-works-1911-45/ As you can see from the animation, the bullets going into a semi automatic handgun will have to enter the magazine and push down the magazine follower and ...


28

20 questions becomes a really useful game. Crime: Is the murderer male? Yes. Is the murderer her boyfriend? silence. Is the murderer one of her co-workers? Yes... Is Jimmy Hoffa dead? Yes. Is he buried in Michigan? Yes... Intelligence: Is the terrorist camp inside this large area? Yes. Is it in this smaller area? Yes. Is it in this grid ...


27

At the start the AI knowledge is blank. And let's say that the only interface it has is the terminal. Discovering the World Since the AI has no knowledge, it also means that it doens't know language. So, the AI may start to output random stuff on the terminal, and for almost any output will get the same result: no response. In fact, if input and output ...


27

If there are any miraculous events, I am not aware of them. Technology, science and society don't exist in vacuum, as you noted, most discoveries are a logical next step. While it's important to distinguish incremental improvements of existing theories or technologies (like steadily raising speed of CPU clocks, or increasing precision of measurement of ...


25

Let himself be exposed... as a fraud All he needs to do is visit Randi and use a magic trick rather than actual magic and then use some mind manipulation to get as many media as possible to write about it. Or maybe if he feels uncomfortable visiting Randi (as in a magic world Randi would probably be a magician supressing the powers of others) he could ...


25

The 1930s had the battle grounds where the formal mathematical definitions of computation were hashed out, there's a random internet find timeline here with all the popular names, but I think that's pretty irrelevant. Most computer users today don't go for a mathematical understanding, even advanced users. But the hundred years or so leading up to that had ...


24

When people think of supernovae, they often only think about the visible light emitted during and after the explosion. However, if you restrict yourself to observing in the optical part of the electromagnetic spectrum, you'll lose a whole lot of information. There are a few different astronomical messengers scientists can use to study a supernova. Neutrinos ...


23

Maybe ammunition is fabricated on the spot by some wearable equipment, out of abundant, mundane, raw materials, and only energy is required. No teleportation is even needed, but you'll need to accommodate the existence of very small, very fast 3D printers, or some other sort of advanced fabrication tech. I think this is how many things are explained in the ...


23

A math professor is not a math exercise book, then why would he limits his help to math? He most likely also knows a good amount of physic and informatic. He could obviously store some of his advanced math theorems and physic theories (carved rocks), for the times when some people will actually be able to understand them and use them but i think that's not ...


20

The soviet model worked quite well, combining strong influence of propaganda and good technical development. Keep the sciences of economy, philosophy, social sciences and so on under whatever rock you wish to keep them. Keep technical sciences shining, and keep the bright scientists to live in gilded cages - modern, bright, well-supplied towns where access ...


17

You've devised a species with an alien intellect and mindset and should treat it as such. The problem you're having is one of perspective. Let me explain. By our definition, inquiry means, "to seek information by questioning; ask." Humans lack the insight to look at a problem and say "Oh, right. That happened because of xyz." Instead, something happens and ...


17

This is a fascinating problem because it shows just how tricky it is to define units of measure. In school, we are often given the impression that the units are inviolate structures fundamental to nature, but reality shows otherwise. This task would have been impossible before 1960. From 1889 until 1960, the meter was actually defined by a particular bar ...


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