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Psychological science major here (thesis in neuroscience). You're pairing function with structures, but the brain is more complex than that. If cognition is a commodity, then it is the product of a global economy recruiting simpler resources from all over. Just like how an iphone might be misunderstood as being built in the store you purchased it at, it's ...


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Yes, but not enough. It's not simply a matter of heart. You can have multiple hearts (after all, the evolution of the kaiju is just speculative). The pressure differential involved, both in stationary stance and when moving, cannot be overcame just by adding hearts. You'd need to completely break the circulatory system into separate sections, with a rete ...


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Not a solution. As per the comments in the question: Square cube law also effects muscle strength, so no matter how many hearts you have there is still a limit. -Topcode Also by adding another heart, you now need more oxygen. This requires more lungs. You'll also need more calories, so more digestive system in general. And so on. Just as in the rocket ...


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The problem is surface area versus volume. Also called the square cube law. Lungs require surface area to gather oxygen. They do this by making thin walls in the lungs where blood is on one side and oxygen on the other, giving oxygen a chance to get bound to the red bloodcells. Whenever you double the size of the creature a rough estimate gives you 4x more ...


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The average index finger is 1.6-2 cm in diameter. The average forearm is 24.3 cm in girth, or 7.7 cm in diameter. The average adult male is 5'9.1" and 197.9 lb, therefore your giant is 22'2" to 27'8" and 11,300-22,060 lb.


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Plausible enough to suspend disbelief? Should I remove any of these parts or get some other parts involved? I'm going to do a brief frame challenge here. You're asking a very narrow question, which is 'which parts of the brain being named will help suspend disbelief about my magic/sci-magic system'. In general belief is going to be suspended based on ...


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A second brain already exists...probably. Ever have a "gut feeling" about something? The enteric nervous system (ENS) is known as the "second brain" or the brain in the gut because it can operate independently of the brain and spinal cord, the central nervous system (CNS). It has also been called the "first brain" based on ...


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In my Father's house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. John 14:2 The world is full of unseen dimensions and energy planes. Our physical beings inhabit one both others are accessible to us. Just as our brains are divided into a right and left hemisphere which concern themselves with intuition and ...


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Crabs are not insects, but in Japan giant crab legs are a delicacy, and if you look at them they are not that visually different from insect legs. Just as with chicken wings or spare ribs, it's not always the amount of flesh to make it appreciated, at least in cultures where eating flesh is a common experience. A hunter-gatherer culture would surely regards ...


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Abdomen in general In my culture people like to eat weaver ants. They eat the abdomen and discard the rest. In America there are honeypot ants. Some workers are sessile and have giant abdomens - which is also what people go for. And for cultures that eat termites, a queen's abdomen is the best part. In the abdomen you will find the most fat and water in the ...


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Parasites and Transferable Brains: Here are a couple of scenarios where I could see this working. Your species is a parasite, and a nasty one at that. Your individual is out there sucking the life from it's host, killing the poor thing. Other members of your species are either gentler on your host (so they aren't dying) or else the parasite has been ...


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Yes, through the mutation of Hox genes. You do not need a long evolution to develop an 6-armed humanoid. Hox genes specify regions of the body plan of an embryo along the head-tail axis of animals. Mutations in the Hox genes can result in body parts and limbs in the wrong place along the body, missing limbs, or even duplicate limbs. One Hox gene experiment ...


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It doesn't fit the standard vertebrate body plan, so the short answer is no, but the long answer is "maybe." If you want an 8-limbed vertebrate, you have to start very early in evolutionary history. The 4-limbed body plan for animals arose around 500 million years ago, and ever since we've been stuck with it. It's certainly possible to evolve 8 ...


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Absolutely. If we start with the human vocal tract as a base, without the tongue one could still pronounce voiced and unvoiced bilabial and labiodental trills, taps, fricatives, plain and aspirated plosives, affricates, nasals, and clicks; as well as velar/uvular fricatives, plosives, and nasals. That's at least 40 distinct consonants, probably more. And in ...


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All you need is an organ that can controllably vibrate and modulate a membrane at high enough of a frequency. For a perfect example of this, look at a speaker. It has no tongue, or mouth, or even lungs for that matter, and yet it can make all the same sounds as the human voice and then some. The reason animals use our mouths at all is because we don't have ...


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Contrary to what I've always understood, and scientists believed until recently, parrots and corvids use their tongues to modulate the "vowel" sounds when they mimic sounds (songs of other birds, environmental sounds, animal calls, and even human speech). If a parrot or mynah were to lose its tongue, its ability to "talk" would be ...


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Animals can already make complex sounds without their tongues. I think you're just...thinking about the wrong end of the animal. There are even humans who are able to control such sounds to a remarkable degree. One can imagine a vocal system that uses a similar method - the control of airflow through a sphincter or series of sphincters and chambers to ...


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A slow release implant, much like long term contraception, that slowly releases a low dose of a sedative or tranquilliser. It's hard to be an evil supergenius if your ability to focus on anything is reduced by drugs. Productivity drops significantly if...zzZZZzzzz Wakes up Sorry, what was I saying? It's lunch time? I'll try and get back to this later, if ...


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