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73 votes
Accepted

How would Muslims adapt to follow their prayer rituals in the loss of Earth?

As salam alaykum! I think it's wonderful that there would be a portrayal of Islam in sci-fi. I'm not a shiek by any means, but given the tenor of the answers I think I'm the only Muslim to actually ...
Dario Quint's user avatar
63 votes

How would Muslims adapt to follow their prayer rituals in the loss of Earth?

The simplest solution would be to apply the existing fatwa of 2007, which was a response to Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor's flight on the ISS. The practical problem is that although the direction of the ...
alephzero's user avatar
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48 votes
Accepted

How would humans adapt to suddenly gaining new senses?

Some psychology studies have already been performed that suggest the human brain is plastic enough that this isn't much of a problem. One experimenter wore a belt around his waist, a portion of which ...
John O's user avatar
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34 votes
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Other than magic, how can a cold-blooded race survive in an arctic climate?

There are a number of options. Firstly, the distinction between 'cold-' or 'warm-blooded' is, primarily, a set of internal thermoregulatory differences that is a subset of normal homeostasis. An ...
Force4's user avatar
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32 votes
Accepted

What is the minimum and maximum gravity level that nearly all humans can sustain over a 5 year period?

We don't know. You are asking to know something which is similar to the medial lethal dose $LD_{50}$. The value of $LD_{50}$ for a substance is the dose required to kill half the members of a ...
L.Dutch's user avatar
  • 292k
25 votes

Could Cats Add Lots of Plants to Their Diet?

Meet the red panda, Ailurus fulgens. A red panda at the Cincinnati Zoo. Photograph by Greg Hume, available on Wikimedia under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. The ...
AlexP's user avatar
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24 votes
Accepted

What adaptations would allow standard fantasy dwarves to survive in the desert?

Primary issue with living in the desert is lack of water. Dwarven build is well suited for storing water. Their round bodies with healthy amounts of fat should store lots of water. Low surface area ...
Ville Niemi's user avatar
  • 43.2k
19 votes

Why won't Venusians just explode in our own atmosphere when they're not even wearing protective suits?

Because that's not how physics works to begin with From a physical standpoint, humans do just fine at higher pressures. The deep diving record is around 600 meters, where the pressure is equal to ...
Chris's user avatar
  • 291
18 votes

Pros and Cons of Humans Having Hobbit Soles

Nothing we don't already have My father hates shoes and as a result has hobbit feet already. Pros is the savings on footware. Cons are the cracked heels and when he does have to wear shoes, finding a ...
Thorne's user avatar
  • 47.5k
17 votes

Other than magic, how can a cold-blooded race survive in an arctic climate?

Fire Your Lizards could live/have settled in an area of naturally occurring methane seeps. There could be a large deposit that is slowly seeping out nad had been lit on fire like Darvaza Crater. ...
Joe Kissling's user avatar
  • 6,706
17 votes

How would Muslims adapt to follow their prayer rituals in the loss of Earth?

N.B. I was debating whether to add an answer to this but I disagreed with the (now previously-accepted) answer that stated the Malaysian fatwa would be used, and wanted to give a more detailed reason ...
Hashim Aziz's user avatar
16 votes
Accepted

Neutral, science-based Undead

Telomere-therapy The telomere is basically a protective layer for genes that prevents them from being truncated during cell division. After some time the telomeres are truncated so much that the ...
Secespitus's user avatar
  • 17.7k
16 votes

Can land plants absorb carbon dioxide into their leaves without the need for sunlight?

Yes. This is called crassulacean acid metabolism. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crassulacean_acid_metabolism Crassulacean acid metabolism, also known as CAM photosynthesis, is a carbon fixation ...
Willk's user avatar
  • 305k
15 votes

How might a deepwater mermaid react to sunlight and heat?

Since you have given us only "the mesopelagic zone" to go on as far as what your mermaid physiology, we will have to make the following assumptions: The mermaid probably has large sensitive eyes in ...
Mathaddict's user avatar
  • 14.3k
14 votes

A Freshwater Octopus?

Cephalopods don't have a sodium pump in their gills in the way arthropods and fish do. Their "kidney"(nephridium) handles all osmotic balancing, which is fine in the ocean but makes it nearly ...
John's user avatar
  • 81.9k
14 votes
Accepted

A Freshwater Octopus?

Picture a lake directly connected to the Ocean or rather an inland sea. It has some flow of fresh water into it from rivers, but it's large and because of it's connection to the Ocean the salt ...
Michael Richardson's user avatar
14 votes
Accepted

Why won't Venusians just explode in our own atmosphere when they're not even wearing protective suits?

Their Internal Body Pressure can Reduce When in Lower Pressure Environments Perhaps these aliens have a way of decreasing internal body pressure. They aren’t able to completely acclimate to Earths ...
Kal Madda's user avatar
  • 1,851
13 votes

How would animals adapt to darkness-made beasts?

Most organisms in the deep sea don't glow all the time. They emit light only after being touched or disturbed in another way. In your world, if "darkness" transforms into "beasts" somehow, simply ...
Elmy's user avatar
  • 15.8k
13 votes

What adaptations would be advantageous given a regular, but extreme variation in climate?

Mass migration The simplest way for organisms to adapt to such changes is not to change so rapidly (a couple hundred years isn't much) but rather to migrate, as whole ecosystems, along with the ...
Peteris's user avatar
  • 7,059
12 votes

Other than magic, how can a cold-blooded race survive in an arctic climate?

Have them originally evolve somewhere else and move there. After all humans evolved for the savannah and use technology to live in the arctic. If they are intelligent they should be using fire and ...
John's user avatar
  • 81.9k
12 votes

Neutral, science-based Undead

Parasite. The fungus Ophiocordyceps controls ants so they climb down, when they reach the final position, the fungus forces them to stop and the fungi invades the ant completely. Toxoplasma gondii is ...
Thorsten S.'s user avatar
  • 14.7k
12 votes

Pros and Cons of Humans Having Hobbit Soles

There's a surprising amount of research into walking barefoot I'm a runner and there's a longstanding debate among runners over the right level of padding in shoes. There's a lot of research into ...
Andrew Brēza's user avatar
11 votes

What is the minimum and maximum gravity level that nearly all humans can sustain over a 5 year period?

We know that anyone with osteoporosis is prone to bone breakage even in a 1G field, but unless we're dealing with a very heavily aged population (due to reduced birth rate for population control?) ...
Zeiss Ikon's user avatar
  • 45.9k
11 votes
Accepted

How do hardy flowering plants that thrive in low 'g' and thin atmosphere disseminate their seeds?

Both pollination and seeds dispersal can work using the peculiar properties of the thin atmosphere: no drag and extremely low pressure. Basically the plant develops a pressurized capsule containing ...
L.Dutch's user avatar
  • 292k
10 votes
Accepted

Technological adaptations for colonization of a higher gravity world

A number of complications come from 2x gravity. First any fall would be considerably more deadly. My (at the time) 60-year-old mother broke her wrist fairly badly by simply falling down in a Home ...
Ranger's user avatar
  • 17.5k
10 votes

Other than magic, how can a cold-blooded race survive in an arctic climate?

There are a wide variety of cold-blooded creatures in Alaska. For one, there's Wood Frogs (though more associate with sub-arctic taiga aka forests), which hibernate all winter. There are also ...
user11599's user avatar
  • 2,403
10 votes

How would animals adapt to darkness-made beasts?

Plants produce so much excess energy from photosynthesis that they make fruit (an intensely rich energy source) as a bribe, so animals will eat it and spread the seeds in their dung. At least some ...
Ton Day's user avatar
  • 8,831
10 votes

Would a 200-Pound Dwarf Still Need Facial and Body Hair?

Hair is not only for protection against cold, especially for such "naked" creatures like humans. It is also Signal. Sexual mostly. Telling females from males is a must for creatures with ...
ksbes's user avatar
  • 9,923
10 votes

How would Muslims adapt to follow their prayer rituals in the loss of Earth?

Depending on the size of the Earth-Shattering Kaboom, they would likely orient to face The location of Earth/Sol. The more interesting question is how they will complete Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca). I ...
hszmv's user avatar
  • 10.9k

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