Questions tagged [temperature]

This tag is for questions which are about temperature, heat and their effects on the environment, the heat of astronomical objects, living beings, things, and space and what it might be like.

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Is this planet's climate map realistic?

Here are three different maps of the planet that's going to be the main setting of a comic book I'm working on, each one showing something different: As you can see in the first image, I mapped out ...
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6 votes
2 answers
61 views

Can we locally change the climate of a region?

I am currently creating a country located in a place which experiences only subarctic/arctic climates in the real world. I would like to know how the region's climate could be artificially changed ...
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3 votes
2 answers
103 views

What would the rest of the oceans look like in this scenario?

The scenario being this: The red band extending 15 degrees from the equator is a dead zone, too hot for complex, multicellular life to thrive. How hot are we talking? The equator in this scenario ...
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5 votes
5 answers
3k views

If you could set the temperature of one marble to any number of degrees without limit, would heating it enough ignite the atmosphere? [closed]

Or would the small size of the marble prevent the heat from spreading?
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3 votes
4 answers
111 views

How might a lower gravity planet sustain a warm, earth-like atmosphere?

I've already posted something similar recently, but I don't think I was really asking the right question. I'm designing a hypothetical lower-gravity planet with 0.47M, 0.79r and 0.76g, with a similar ...
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3 votes
1 answer
96 views

Metallurgy at different gravity strengths

Does the strength of gravity on a planet limit a species ability to create temperatures high enough to melt metals? I read that at low gravity fire burns at cooler temperatures and reduced convection ...
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3 votes
2 answers
95 views

What atmospheric pressure and temperature are reasonable to maintain water on a low gravity planet?

I'm designing a low gravity planet, and I want it to be as realistic as possible. I've calculated the lowest mass and radius it could have while maintaining a similar density to Earth and while still ...
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  • 475
5 votes
1 answer
121 views

Keeping the global average temperature at current levels if the Earth moves away from the Sun. What is the limit?

Suppose that due to an encounter with a rogue planet, the Earth is propelled out of the Solar system. It will then get gradually colder on Earth. We can try to restore the global temperature to the ...
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6 votes
2 answers
104 views

How would a massive permanent updraft affect a rainforest?

This world has these massive tunnels in which large quantities of heat and air travel from one point to another, being permanently pushed by magic. Their exits are basically massive updrafts coming ...
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4 votes
3 answers
107 views

A tidally-locked planet's dry ice caps

An exactly Earth-sized tidally-locked planet orbits its host star, which is functionally identical to our Sun, at an average distance of 1 AU, the same distance that the Earth orbits the Sun. The ...
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5 votes
4 answers
870 views

Help in determining the features of a fictional planet

I'm writing a sci-fi novel about a planet outside of the Solar System. The planet can support human life and is similar to Earth in many ways (1G gravity, Nitrogen-Oxygen-Carbon atmosphere, soil and ...
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2 votes
1 answer
147 views

What does being completely encased in rock feel like after a few hours?

The stone magician has defeated several crooks, and lacking handcuffs he simply encases them in individual round boulders which can then be rolled to the appropriate destination. What does that feel ...
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3 votes
1 answer
126 views

I am building an isolated indoor temperate rain-forest. What will the temperature be at the forest level?

I have been building an extra-dimensional space which I can connect to with portals. With these portals, I can cut down on the shipping rates and times. So I have made a global trading company of &...
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  • 1,201
2 votes
1 answer
141 views

What would the climate and ecosystems be like if instead of water, land would be 71% of Earth's surface?

According to the Bureau of Reclamation, water covers about 71% of the Earth's surface. Everything from microbes in the ocean releasing greenhouse gases into the air, to the immense amount of water ...
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  • 335
1 vote
1 answer
110 views

Cooling the Indian subcontinent using tibet [closed]

The Indian subcontinent is at the same latitude as the Sahara desert, and if not for the Tibetan Plateau reversing the Haileys cell, would have the same enviornment. The plateau causes rain in the ...
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1 vote
2 answers
172 views

What temperatures can be tolerated by a ''small'' human?

Temperature resistance is linked to size and bodily composition. An easy example is the small obesity rate in cities like Singapore, regardless of the modernized diet fat people don't hang around in a ...
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11 votes
5 answers
2k views

Cooling Question: How can I integrate a low tech freezing system into my world?

I'm trying to design a culture that has access to cooling as a primary source of food preservation. This culture is set in the desert. They will have access to a magical stone that has the ability to ...
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2 votes
2 answers
109 views

Would the temperatures in the troposphere and stratosphere change if oxygen levels increased significantly?

I need a way to make life possible in the troposphere and lower stratosphere for my scenario set in a distant future. My excuse to move life to these altitudes is to increase the oxygen levels in the ...
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5 votes
1 answer
164 views

What substance would make a good lava ocean?

I'm starting work on some fictional star systems, and I want to create a planet that has lava oceans. I found an excel spreadsheet a while back that does calculations for stars and planets, and based ...
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2 votes
5 answers
150 views

How Would Someone Who's Lived on a Climate-Controlled Planet Their Whole Life Acclimate to Extreme Climates?

One of the main characters in my book series is from an ecumenopolis (planet-city, similar to Coruscant from Star Wars) that is climate controlled to be wet and temperate all year round. Rainfall is ...
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2 votes
2 answers
94 views

How to model an earth-like planet with extreme winters in the northern hemisphere?

I want to create a planet where there are extreme winters (3 months with temperatures up to -40°C) at around 50° latitude. The summers are just slightly hotter (a day of 30°C in the summer would not ...
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3 votes
2 answers
269 views

Laser cooling a person

So in my story, I'm trying to develop a plausible freeze ray. Now many people suggest liquid helium, but it seems to have a number of practical setbacks, such as being hard to obtain, needing vast ...
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4 votes
7 answers
177 views

How do android regulates heat without triggering IR scanner?

Imagine that a robot disguised as a child walks into an airport to board a plane. Because of the pandemic there are many IR scanners stationed at every entrances/exits within the premises. This ...
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14 votes
7 answers
4k views

How would merfolk insulate an underwater house?

If you tried to insulate your underwater home, making it water tight... wouldn't you suffocate yourself? Water does get stale, and run low on oxygen, creating a dead-zone, so wouldn't you want some ...
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7 votes
2 answers
339 views

Can a rogue planet have a habitable surface due to geothermal heat?

I am making a rogue planet. Right now it is a super-earth with a lot of radioactive materials in its core. It rotates very quickly as well. However, it needs to be habitable. And not just the deep ...
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15 votes
6 answers
7k views

Could negative kelvin be achieved?

What the title says I guess. I'm looking into ways to make a plausible exotic matter source for a story with an Alcubierre drive and I think recall that I saw that there was a possibility to use ...
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14 votes
4 answers
2k views

Why might an area of land be so hot that it smokes?

I'm attempting to design a desert area that could almost constantly be covered in a thin layer of smoke. It does not block out the sun but instead sticks closer to the ground. The land is hot, arid, ...
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3 votes
3 answers
137 views

Thermoregulation in a Shark-Skinned Canine

I've been toying with biological mechanisms for species in my current work in progress by combining or enhancing features in unusual ways. This question is about a canine design. Dogs, like all ...
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2 votes
2 answers
132 views

A single volcano turns a northern island into a tropical jungle: how it is made?

To have a single volcano warm up an island the size of Iceland and located in a northern Europe climate, how hot does a volcano have to be, or what type of volcano does it need to be? I want the ...
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  • 8,809
4 votes
2 answers
128 views

How could a planet with a long day-night cycle naturally regulate its temperatures to allow life?

So, my planet has (around) an Earth year long day-night cycle. How could its temperatures not reach extremes that would disallow life? Assume that everything is Earth like except for multiple moons (...
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2 votes
1 answer
55 views

How To Approach a Range of Albedo in A Given Latitude Range When Estimating Temperature?

There's a lot of information about figuring in the average albedo of a planet when calculating the base temperature for a planet. What if you want to get more granular, down to each (let's say) 10 ...
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2 votes
2 answers
307 views

Can a human brain operate at temperatures lower than 36 degrees Celsius?

I have a character who is human but doesn't generate their own body heat, like a cold-blooded animal. Is it unfeasible for a human brain to be operating despite this?
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5 votes
1 answer
268 views

How to Determine Planetary Extremes of Temperature from Average Global Temperature?

I have determined the average global temperature of my world based on the luminosity of the star, distance to the star, and the bond albedo and greenhouse factor of the world. What I'm having a devil ...
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-1 votes
3 answers
138 views

If a character were to live in a hot climate for the majority of their life, would their core temperature increase?

I'm making a comic about the apocalypse and I have a character who lives in Australia for most of his life. The thing is, global warming has caused Australia to increase in temperature so much, it's ...
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4 votes
2 answers
64 views

arctic and antarctic tectonic activity effect?

My question is Imagine an arctic or antarctic region and here have tectonic plates collide or diverge, or slide on each other , so to have some sort of activity ... First question is it possible for ...
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17 votes
12 answers
5k views

How devastating is a weapon that can internally and rapidly cool down a section of a human body?

Let's say in a magical world, there exists a basic cooling spell which slightly cools down an area by reducing the heat energy of everything inside it. In said world there also exists a particularly ...
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  • 463
3 votes
1 answer
106 views

Temperatures and water level during very long eclipse

If we have extreme and short winter caused by 3-day-eclipse, what would be temperatures like? Conditions: Planet is like earth, atmosphere, oceans, ice caps and so, but there is no regular seasons, ...
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  • 133
4 votes
3 answers
179 views

How Cold Will Earth's Equator Be at a Martian Distance?

At 93 million miles from the sun, Earth is in a perfect place for liquid water to exist, which is crucial for the evolution of life. Currently, it averages in at 14 degrees Celsius (57 degrees ...
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6 votes
4 answers
182 views

Habitable planet with extreme hot and cold regions that is not tidally locked

I would like to create a world with a temperate habitable zone as well as very hot and very cold zones. The hotter and the colder the better, but I don’t want it to be tidally locked. How can I do ...
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23 votes
9 answers
7k views

Why are my caves warm with nobody heating them?

The continent is split apart by a dense area of mountains, covered in glaciers. Any travelers who with to go from one part of the continent to the other would either have to cross the mountains, or go ...
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  • 650
2 votes
1 answer
163 views

Superhuman: Extreme Temperatures Pt.2

I have decided I will add my whole question… I’m new give me a bit of grace… I am creating a superhuman and I am in need of some helpful tips and answers. To get straight to the point I need to ...
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2 votes
1 answer
264 views

What would it take to get the temperature of the human body to rise to 3,000 °F?

I am creating a superhuman that can raise her overall body temperature to 3,000 °F (1648.889 °C) but I need to know the exact requirements of how that could happen. Let's say this superhuman could ...
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5 votes
2 answers
277 views

Possibility of a "hot Mars"

Premise/question Correct me if I'm wrong, or if humans have terraformed the planet by the time you're reading this, but Mars is mostly desert-like. It has large ice caps which contain most of its ...
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4 votes
1 answer
109 views

How to determine surface temperatures at specific points

I have a planet around 11242 km in diameter. It is very similar to Mars, with most surface water trapped at the poles. For this, I want the polar temperature below 0 C, but the equatorial temperature ...
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2 votes
6 answers
366 views

How can I expand the definition and some specifics of pyrokinesis?

I'm writing a sci-fi world where, if you put it in simple words, a small percentage of population can manipulate the matter. I'm not going to dive into specifics, because I'm still working on WHY and ...
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1 vote
2 answers
137 views

How could space life deal with the cold?

I am workin on an ecosystem based on life within the rings of a planet. I will create creatures from single celled organisms, to algae/ lichen, plankton/worms and scales of predators leading to large ...
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2 votes
1 answer
46 views

Volcanic island generating its own storms

Picture this, a highly volcanic island sitting in the middle of a temperate or sub-arctic sea, the heat generated by the magma beneath the island and the volcano heats the air enough to generate a ...
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  • 1,768
2 votes
3 answers
159 views

Ways to increase temperature and still be habitable by humans

I am designing a planet that humans can live on for a few tens of thousands of years, while they are hiding from some sort of inter-galactic police force (or whatever). Therefore, it's important that ...
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13 votes
1 answer
397 views

Where do hydrothermal vents form inside icy ocean worlds?

Context: In a near-future version of our solar system, humans have established multiple underwater colonies on Jupiter's moon Europa. Many of these outposts are situated next to hydrothermal vents ...
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0 votes
1 answer
84 views

Looking for an existing facility that contains enclosed areas with extreme temperatures

I would like to create a scenario where an unarmed individual leads its victims into a room that can be fully enclosed and then heated up to unsafe temperatures such that the victim would likely ...
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