Questions tagged [sunlight]

Questions involving radiant energy from the Sun.

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3
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4answers
634 views

Where does most of a sun's energy go?

first post ever here. I've read the guidelines, but please do let me know if I'm breaking any rule or doing something wrong. So, I am creating a magic system based on the energy of a star. More ...
6
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6answers
2k views

Can mirrors on the moon allow solar panels to operate at night?

Solar panels cannot operate at night. If we put self-adjusting mirrors on the near side of the moon, they could reflect sunlight back to the dark Earth, allowing solar panels to operate at night. How ...
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1answer
75 views

Concerning Earth plants on an alien world, how much "sunlight" would "too much" and "too little" be compared to our sunlight?

In a binary system of artificially immortal stars, each one orbited by a ring of mirrors, a whole line of Earthlike planets orbits the binary within its habitable zone, from 400 to 800 AUs. While ...
3
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1answer
93 views

How would Blue or Yellow colored plants change during different weather seasons

My planet basically revolves around a blue star or a star that gives off more blue wavelenghts and the color of the plants are either blue or yellow or both because of it. Now, how would the color ...
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4answers
1k views

Can humanoids be of dark skin despite living somewhat lower than the equator and vice versa?

So if the places on the equator of my world has light skinned people of the deserts while the places a bit south of the equator can have dark skinned folks of tropical rainforests, is that explainable ...
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5answers
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Why does my arcology let light in, when it was originally a sleeper ship

In my story the protagonist lives in an arcology, but this is not just any arcology. Over a 100 years ago, a global war fought between those who sided with a massively distributed and rather 'insane' ...
2
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2answers
99 views

If visible light from the sun stopped hitting the earth but the sun still existed, how would this affect the earth?

The sun produces light, heat, and other things. If the visible spectrum of light from the sun stopped hitting the earth but only the light directly from the sun, so moonlight and if heat can be ...
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1answer
152 views

What Would the Sky Look Like If the Sun Were a Different Color (And Still Half a Degree Wide)? [duplicate]

This question has been asked many, many, many times--what would the sky look like if the sun were a different color? But the mistake I keep seeing is that they used actual stars and imagined Earth as ...
5
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1answer
91 views

Creating fog over the ocean and large island using electricity and..?

Short version: This sea dragon can discharge and manipulate electricity. It wants to cover a large area of the ocean's surface in fog, how could it accomplish this? The creature is intelligent and has ...
2
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1answer
106 views

Magic system- photosynthesis/"solar cell" dragons using electricity for warmth?

Background: So, I'm creating a magic system for a race of dragons based on the abilities of the Oriental Hornet and the Elysia chlorotica. both of these animals can directly utilize solar energy. I ...
3
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5answers
368 views

Earth with no sunlight

What phenomenon could stop or reduce the sunlight on Earth? I am thinking about a prolonged solar eclipse. Is it possible for it to last for years? If not, is there a way for the sun to stop shining ...
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2answers
240 views

How Bright Would a "Summer" Night Be on This Extreme Alternate Earth?

Here is the oversimplified map of the solar system of an alternate Earth: It is actually two separate binaries--one consisting of a red giant 100 times as wide, one-third as massive and 1,000 times ...
3
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2answers
568 views

Would Venusian Sunlight Be Too Much for Earth Plants?

This is Chris Wayans's map of a terraformed Venus: While there have been questions in this Stack Exchange on how to make Venus more livable for us humans, one question stands glaringly absent, and ...
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4answers
605 views

Which Crops Could be Grown in a Subpolar Oceanic (CFC) Climate Zone?

In my fantasy series, the area the main protagonist is from is cool and dreary year-round, but never cold and never hot. For example, it never really gets higher than the 60s farenheit at the peak of ...
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2answers
120 views

Red Sun Plus Blue Sun Equals Magenta Sky?

Okay, my second cousin is working on a story that takes place on a planet named Odroia. It is an Earthlike planet with a supercontinent similar to Pangea, that has scattered rivers and lakes, with its ...
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3answers
133 views

Perpetual Day Planet

I’d like to know if this is plausible: A habitable planet that’s always day. It kinda works like this: The planet orbits its largest sun, which is also orbited by three smaller suns that share the ...
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2answers
2k views

What would seasons and daylight be like if the Earth was on an eight-shaped orbit between two stars?

I'm building a medieval-high-fantasy world and I want it to have two suns. I'd like it to make it somewhat realistic at least as far as seasons and light/biomes go, while the actual feasibility of ...
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0answers
101 views

How Bright Would the Sky on This Alternate Earth Be? The Sequel to "The 372-Day Calendar"

Long ago, I asked how far Earth would orbit the sun if one year lasts 372 days instead of 365 and how much it'd affect the overall brightness. What I got was that Earth with a 372-day calendar would ...
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17answers
7k views

Earth was suddenly teleported away from the sun. Can we recover?

Through some evil scientist man's evil plot to destroy the world, he transported the entire Earth away from the sun into an unknown point in space where there is no sun. Could we recover? Details- ...
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2answers
205 views

How would day and night look like on a planet that orbits two suns? [duplicate]

I'm writing a fantasy story set in a p-type circumbinary system and I'd like to know how this would affect day and night, when the suns and moon would be visible, and the climate and seasons on the ...
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2answers
331 views

What colour is my sky? If my planet has two different suns

In my fictional binary system, my planet has two suns: a white dwarf star and a red giant. I would like to know what colour my sky would be when both suns are in the sky of my planet. I've done some ...
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3answers
412 views

What kind of power could be stronger than light and shadow? [closed]

I am creating a world where exist 2 main types of magic users: the ones with the ability to control the light of the sun and the ones with the ability to control the darkness of the shadows/moon. ...
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2answers
160 views

Harnessing energy directly from the sun via quantum tunneling

In the universe of my story, the Earth is ridden with metahumans with uncanny powers that do all sorts of different things. Of course, to do all this, they would require a tremendous amount of energy, ...
5
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1answer
169 views

An Earth with a permanent winter state with drastically reduced temperature, dark skies and mass extinctions

I had posted a question a couple of days ago asking if it would be possible for an artificial satellite/cosmic body at the L1 orbit to block out the Sun, but the logistics of that is a little too ...
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2answers
109 views

What would happen to all life on Earth if the planet started suddenly receiving reduced sunlight? [duplicate]

Let's say that the Sun suddenly almost completely shuts down and the Earth is now able to only receive an amount of sunlight equal to that received by the Moon during a full-moon night. (Assuming ...
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3answers
477 views

How to explain a planet around a K-Type star with Orange/Red/Purple plants?

Basically, in a sci-fi roleplaying group I am apart of, I have began to work on a long-standing human colony world. The tech-level is pretty much bog-standard sci-fi, and such, colonisation is ...
2
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1answer
264 views

What if the Sun were suddenly 2/3 as bright? [closed]

The amount of solar energy received by Earth is reduced to 67% of the current amount, uniformly across the Earth and throughout the EM spectrum. The mass of the sun stays the same. One month later, ...
10
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6answers
3k views

How would a Dyson Swarm transmit energy to the Earth?

The Dyson Swarm is common in sci fi as an energy source, and sometimes also as a powerful weapon. As it is commonly understood, it harnesses the energy of the sun, which stores a vast amount of energy....
4
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1answer
253 views

What colour would a flat world's sky be?

In continuation of my previous question, I'm wondering about the colour of a flat world's sky. To recap the previous question, I'm imagining a flat world with the sun fixed relatively low above the ...
2
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3answers
322 views

Anatomically correct Kryptonian, part 1

Part of the Anatomically Correct series of questions. Due to the nature of Superman having so many different powers, I wanted to focus specifically on one aspect of his character: the ability to be ...
2
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1answer
280 views

How much sunlight can I get into my O'Neill cylinder and how much light needs to be artificial?

The cylinder is 32 km long in total, 8 km in diameter, with 3km long endcaps, resulting in a habital area with a length of 26 km (= and an area of cirka 754 km2). The main body of the cylinder is ...
4
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4answers
225 views

Would living on around Alpha Centauri change how our eyes see color?

I am writing a sci fi novel in which one of the primary factions is a lost space colony sent to Proxima Centauri (Alpha Centauri C) roughly 350 years prior on a generation ship. The trip took roughly ...
7
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3answers
933 views

How tall would a rainforest need to be to make it completely dark at ground level

Most of the sunlight in a rainforest is intercepted by its canopy. Only about 2% of the light reaches the ground. How tall would a rainforest need to be to make it completely dark at ground level? ...
4
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1answer
189 views

Days and Seasons via Daily Eclipses in a Flat World

While working on the cosmos of a flat world, I came upon the idea of using a dim sum rotating about an axis through the central pole (as described here) in order to accomplish days and seasons. The ...
4
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6answers
480 views

Can a Sunset Be Black (Infrared)?

Fact 1: The cause of a sunset is from the angle of the sunlight, because the amount of scattering increases as the light passes through more and more of the atmosphere. Fact 2: Higher frequency / ...
3
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2answers
147 views

Simulation or API to get sun light spectrum on earth given the position, time and day of the year

Does anyone know a site, software, public API (or formula) to get the solar light spectrum on earth given the time of the day, day of the year, and earth meassurement position (lattitude, longitude)? ...
6
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1answer
213 views

Penumbra colors of a flat earth's sun-shades

So, I have been watching a lot of flat-earth debunking videos on YouTube, which has tickled my world-building bone. So, I'm imagining a world with a sphere of sunlight-level luminosity hanging ...
1
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1answer
82 views

At what time of day does the illuminance coincide with that on my planet at noon?

My planet (I'll call it $P$ for practical reasons) is 2 AU from the Sun, a distance in which it receives 25 % of the sunlight that Earth receives. This can be estimated with the Inverse Square Law: \...
2
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1answer
166 views

A desert planet with temperate polar regions could sustain how much plant-life? Any?

One proposed type of desert planet is one in which the equator and the "tropics" are harsh, hot deserts, but the polar regions are temperate, habitable, and lush with life. You can see an example of ...
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9answers
6k views

Can there be plants on the dark side of a tidally locked world?

In my story, there is an Earth-sized planet orbiting a red dwarf, tidally locked to its parent star, with large oceans like Earth, two moons similar to ours and a thick atmosphere to distribute heat ...
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2answers
1k views

How close to the Sun would you have to be to hear it?

Taken from this fascinating answer: The Sun is immensely loud. The surface generates thousands to tens of thousands of watts of sound power for every square meter. That's something like 10x to ...
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0answers
164 views

I'm inventing a new calendar. What are good criteria for the choices of first day, first year, and first hour? [closed]

I'm inventing a new calendar: It will be used worldwide. It uses an intercalary (366th) day to be inserted every 4 years. If extremely successful (unlikely I know), it will replace the Gregorian ...
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2answers
674 views

How would our skies look if our sun was a white dwarf instead?

What I'm using your information for: My planet is small, has a thicker atmosphere than earth and it's orbiting a white dwarf. The main reason I chose it to be a white dwarf is that I read somewhere ...
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10answers
8k views

Would life always name the light from their sun "white" [closed]

I've heard it said that white light contains all the colors in it. Our sun produces white light and that the visible spectrum is just the range we evolved to see because our atmosphere is transparent ...
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11answers
7k views

How to not get blinded by an attack at dawn

I'm imagining a low-tech medieval fantasy world where an attack at dawn such that the defenders are forced to look into the rising sun conveys a huge advantage. The effect on my fantasy humanoids ...
4
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2answers
291 views

How to explain day is 10 times as bright but no warmer?

Set at the present day Earth, the daylight on average is ten times as bright as today, approximately 111,000 lux at noon for example and subject to geographic and the air quality etc. I am looking for ...
6
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4answers
221 views

How far away from a Sol-class sun could a planet be and still be habitable?

In my galaxy, I need a planet that is far enough away from its star to be relatively cold compared to Earth, but not so cold that liquid water cold not exist. The planet has 2 continents, 1 northern ...
2
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4answers
709 views

Solar Flare disabling Nuclear Weapon defenses?

I have a nuclear post-apocalypse that isn't 100% depressing. It's only 95% so. /s I was contemplating an origin story of a solar flare doing some rather nasty things to circuitry related to nuclear ...
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3answers
115 views

Types of life on a planet in a sun-synchronous orbit?

Basically, a sun-synchronous orbit is where one side of an object is always facing a star as it revolves around it (much like our Moon is, which is where the phrase 'dark side of the moon' originates')...
2
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3answers
307 views

What would a meteorite have to be made of so that the sun is obscured for millennia?

I want to make my meteorite hit the Earth, after which the impact debris and ash blocks the sun just enough to make agriculture no longer feasible.