Questions tagged [planets]

For questions about any large astronomical bodies classified as planets, and their effects on their systems.

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10
votes
3answers
2k views

Can a planet still function with a damaged moon?

I'm thinking of having a world that has a moon that's been partially split (so not fully halved) with the debris slowly separating from it. At night you'd see the split moon mainly and lots of ...
7
votes
2answers
281 views

Drawing landmasses for this odd-shaped planet

I've just come here for some help drawing a map for this fictional planet where two roughly similar planets have been smushed into kind of pear shape like this: So this planet spins on an axis which ...
7
votes
1answer
307 views

Brown Dwarf Star vs Gas Giant as parent for habitable moon

I seek to build a habitable moon of a giant planet, thus I looked at the Rouche Limit Equation to figure out how to get the biggest possible Hill Sphere for my moon to exist in. $r_H = a(1-e)\sqrt[3]{...
7
votes
2answers
223 views

How to calculate rate of axial precession?

I want to start with the fact that I am by no means an astronomer, or even a hobbyist in the field. I am attempting to build a fantasy world which still reflects accepted physical laws. My problem ...
1
vote
1answer
168 views

What is the largest I can make my water planet, while remaining within Earth-like parameters?

What is the largest planet I can get, while still remaining within Earth-like parameters? My concern is with gravity, water pressure and atmospheric pressure. Escape velocity is less of a concern. ...
2
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0answers
105 views

Planet builder? [closed]

I've got questions I haven't been able to get a grip on for two different planets. One has its axis at about 90deg (like Uranus), with day & year like Venus (day longer than year), orbiting a ...
9
votes
4answers
184 views

How could a planet's magnetosphere fail?

I have a hypothetical world in the works and I have a rough idea of what it might be like. My idea is that the planet was life-supporting with a widely varied biosphere. The magnetosphere failed and ...
24
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8answers
4k views

How could a planet have most of its water in the atmosphere?

I am creating a speculative evolution project for school (and partially for leisure) and I need a planet for my organisms to live on. I have a rough idea of what it may be like but I'm no expert in ...
4
votes
1answer
133 views

Would life be possible on a planet that has an axis of rotation that always “pointed” directly at the sun? [duplicate]

Preface: I'll be calling call the orbit described in the question title a "solar-oriented orbit" for the sake of convenience, as "a planet that has an axis of rotation that always pointed directly at ...
20
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13answers
7k views

A non-technological, repeating, phenomenon in the sky, holding its position in the sky for hours

Is this physically possible? A non-technological phenomenon visible in the same position of the sky, for 18 hours of a day using the other 6 to do whatever, rise and set, just be impossible to see, ...
2
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3answers
180 views

What would increasing the gravity of a moon do to its planet?

If I terraformed a moon to have enough artificial gravity/atmosphere to support life, would they end up just crashing into each other? Is there a way to not have this happen, e.g., increasing distance ...
4
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2answers
177 views

Atmosphere of habitable world around K-type star

I'm trying to work out the parameters of my planet, using the spreadsheets that Artifexian has developed (particularly this Planet Calculator and this Atmosphere Calculator) as a guide. In order for ...
0
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0answers
35 views

How large can a rocky planet be? [duplicate]

What is the maximum diameter and mass can a rock-based planet be before it collapsed to degenerate matter? If "rocky" isn't defined enough, assume basalt. "Degenerate" means the planet (or at least ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Plausibility of “diamond”-like crystal and/or mineral substances forming on a planet orbiting a dwarf star

Alright, so the primary inspiration for this is 55 Cancri e, the speculated carbon "diamond world" and to a degree, Nkllon, a planet in Star Wars that is essentially what Cancri is, but "confirmed" to ...
8
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3answers
258 views

Plausibility of purple oceans

Alright, so I've been meaning to write out a planet with golden/yellow fields and a violet / purple ocean. What I was thinking about is having the water of this world is so clean and nourishing that ...
3
votes
3answers
95 views

Object in the orbit or orbiting Uranus's moon Puck

I realize the response to this question is fairly involved but here goes. I need to have an alien spacecraft either in orbit around Uranus's moon Puck or somewhere in Puck's orbit around the planet if ...
8
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4answers
120 views

How to define operational altitude on other planets?

Since different planets have different gravity, atmospheric pressure, air density and composition, it's obvious that a definition of operational altitude based on earth sea level is inadequate for a ...
13
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3answers
2k views

Black holes as heat sinks

Cooling in space is a well known difficulty. There are many unpleasant consequences like no stealth in space, difficult space battles which turn into a short wars of attrition (because you have to ...
2
votes
3answers
169 views

What phenomenon (gravitational?) in space would allow the transfer of humans rapidly between two planets or system-wide?

So what I'm looking for is some plausible idea of two human planets, orbiting each other closely, that despite having regressed to a medieval homage, were capable in this old era of powering solar ...
10
votes
3answers
202 views

What thickness of atmosphere and strength of magnetosphere would I need for a planet to have a deadly daytime and a hospitable nighttime?

What thickness of atmosphere, and strength of magnetosphere, would I need for a planet to have a deadly daytime and a hospitable nighttime? I'm wanting a planet in which humans can survive on as long ...
2
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0answers
49 views

Could a rogue planet support life? [duplicate]

I was wondering whether a free floating planet could potentially host life. If so, how? I was thinking of a geothermically active planet, where the only source of heat comes within the planet itself. ...
0
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2answers
91 views

A pair of similar celestial bodies coming near each other

In my conworld I have two moons (they could be planets if desired as long as they can stay 'close' to a larger nearby body) of habitable size. I want to reality-check and provide an explanation for ...
6
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6answers
2k views

Can a planet have a different gravitational pull depending on its location in orbit around its sun?

As the title say, can a planet have a different gravitational pull depending on its location in orbit around its sun? Is this explainable without magic?
11
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4answers
1k views

What factors affect how many moons a planet can have?

A moon is just a natural satellite - something orbiting a planet - so I'm interested in what kind of factors influence how many moons a planet can have, and how many moons a planet will actually have. ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

How would an “minecraft-like” dimension behave? [closed]

The "dimension" I'm building, consists of earth-like plane that stretches on to infinity. It's a soft sci-fi universe and this dimension is man-made. The land has infinite mass, I don't know what ...
14
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4answers
2k views

Would a high gravity rocky planet be guaranteed to have an atmosphere?

I want to create a planet with a deep gravity well, say about 12G at the surface. At first I wanted the planet to have either no atmosphere or a very thin one. But I want this to be as close to ...
1
vote
3answers
134 views

Why would jupiter brain be completely devoid of ocean? [closed]

Jupiter brain is known as a colossal computer the size of a planet, if heat dissipation is a concern when constructing it how come most models lack an ocean of distilled reverse osmosis UV treated ...
5
votes
2answers
200 views

Effects of a supermassive ship crash landing on a planet

My planet is a 20% larger than the earth, assume a similar atmosphere, but it can be changed to fit the narrative. My ship is not so large as in the original question, a cylinder shape, about a ...
2
votes
2answers
162 views

Designing a super-comfortable Earth analog

Being an engineer and someone who hates hot summers and frigid winters, and someone who really likes the Rocky Mountain view, I can not help but wonder if we humans could get to design a whole new ...
8
votes
3answers
207 views

How to calculate the thickness of the ice-layer of a frozen ocean planet/moon?

How do I calculate the thickness of the upper ice layer on cold ocean worlds like Europa, Enceladus, Ganymede, ...? I'm asking this for a programm I'm currently writing. Given/Known is: mass, radius, ...
8
votes
3answers
249 views

How to make plane without coal, steel and oil

My world is far away exoplanet with water and some oxygene, but without life or plants, which means without coal and organic materials inside. High tech people from Earth come there and made some ...
26
votes
11answers
5k views

Is it possible to have a strip of cold climate in the middle of a planet?

Would it be possible to have a region on a planet that is not near its poles that has below freezing temperatures most of the year, while having more temperate regions both above and below it? If so ...
6
votes
4answers
170 views

How far away from a Sol-class sun could a planet be and still be habitable?

In my galaxy, I need a planet that is far enough away from its star to be relatively cold compared to Earth, but not so cold that liquid water cold not exist. The planet has 2 continents, 1 northern ...
33
votes
18answers
6k views

How could a planet have erratic days?

I want to describe a world where one doesn't know how long the day will be. It can be anywhere between 18 and 30 Earth-hours. Would such days be possible in our reality?
2
votes
1answer
159 views

Meterology of double planets sharing an atmosphere

If two planets were tidally locked and shared an atmosphere, as described in this question, what would the weather patterns of the planets be like? What weather patterns would form, and could these ...
6
votes
4answers
336 views

Would storms on an ocean world harm the marine life?

On a habitable world completely covered in water, with no land above sea-level, there would presumably be storms of biblical proportions. Suppose this world has oceans so deep that the deeper layers ...
14
votes
6answers
3k views

Inhabiting Mars versus going straight for a Dyson swarm

My question is as follows - let's assume our objective function is to have as many humans as possible living outside the confines of the Earth as soon as possible. For this, we need to provide those ...
4
votes
2answers
114 views

How does steppenwolf planet generates typhoon?

In a distant future, a spaceship was investigating a gravitational anomaly somewhere within a chartered sector in the Andromeda galaxy. A disaster strikes and the spaceship was found marooned on a ...
4
votes
2answers
126 views

Planetary tidal locking causing asymetrical water distribution

Imagine a planet of roughly the same size as Earth with the same amount of land, the same atmosphere and the same proportion of water (other planetary parameters may vary from Earth like) that has ...
8
votes
1answer
137 views

Can you critique my sea temp map and answer a couple of specific questions?

I'm working on yet another iteration of a world map project. I'd like to ask for some opinions on the sea temperature map I've done: I also have a few specific questions about some areas on the map. ...
10
votes
2answers
189 views

Will winds always be the same?

Around Earth's equator, there's a band of low pressure called the Doldrums. 30 degrees north and south are bands of high pressure called the horse latitudes. Finally, there are more low-pressure bands ...
5
votes
2answers
222 views

What's the minimum time that it would take for an advanced species to create an ecumenopolis?

In figuring out the rough timeline for my sci-fi, I've run into an interesting dilemma. As it stands right now, There are about 90 years in between one of my civilizations discovering space travel and ...
1
vote
3answers
110 views

Is it possible for the remnants of a planet to be locked in orbit around another in a dual planet system?

I'm envisioning a double-planet system where both orbit around a central point. One planet is approximately Earth-sized, while the other is about one-tenth the size. One of the planets (the smaller ...
1
vote
3answers
82 views

Types of life on a planet in a sun-synchronous orbit?

Basically, a sun-synchronous orbit is where one side of an object is always facing a star as it revolves around it (much like our Moon is, which is where the phrase 'dark side of the moon' originates')...
-3
votes
3answers
148 views

Earth like planet with two moon like satellites

I was thinking about this world with different ancient factions on war. The war caused both of them and most life on the planet to die, I was thinking about one of the moons getting shattered as a ...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

What could trigger powerful quakes on icy world?

Imagine a planet orbiting a star some billions of lightyears away from us, the planet is 4 times the mass of Earth and is covered with ice 100km thick on average. It is believed that liquid ocean ...
4
votes
4answers
196 views

How can I keep my planet the safest in the galaxy and still engage in war?

Background info In the galaxy that I'm working in, 20 other nations exist. Around 15 of them possess thousands of planets and billions, sometimes trillions of people (they spread throughout universal ...
7
votes
5answers
263 views

160 Year Solar Orbital Period & 1.9 Year Moon Orbital Period - Is it possible?

A defining factor of my world is the hardships inhabitants have to face when surviving long seasons. Due to the extreme length of a year, time is largely measured by moon cycles. I need to make sure ...
3
votes
2answers
177 views

Carbon cycle on planet with mainly CO2 atmosphere

What effect would having CO2 in your atmosphere in place of, on earth, Nitrogen have on the carbon cycle? would the carbon cycle even work? I'm engineering A theoretical tidally locked planet with an ...
-1
votes
1answer
118 views

What would climate be like on a tidally locked planet? [duplicate]

How would climate behave on a tidally locked planet? Would there be zones like the ones on earth or not?