Questions tagged [geophysics]

For questions relating to geophysics: the study, behavior, consequences, and technologies involving the physical properties of the Earth.

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3
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1answer
159 views

Mountain heights - theoretical limits

I have a country bounded on three sides by fold mountains. Due to a magical plot device, the force acting to drive the upward motion of the mountains persists indefinitely, acting on the plates ...
6
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1answer
80 views

Would an asteroid colliding with a terrestrial planet result in the creation of extensive caves nearby the crater?

I just did some research on the Chicxulub crater in the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico, which is the crater from the asteroid responsible for the extinction of the dinosaurs. Yucatán itself does have ...
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2answers
184 views

How long would it take for earth to dry up?

At current global warming rates, the sea levels are rising because the ice caps are melting. But once the ice caps are all melted, the sea would stay the same. In my world, humanity's money revolves ...
4
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15answers
1k views

Is there any scientific way a ship could fall off the edge of the world? [closed]

I'm trying to write a story about falling off the edge of he earth during a sea voyage and would like to incorporate as much as detailed and accurate physics as possible. For this to work, I know ...
10
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3answers
1k views

What pressure, temperature and atmospheric challenges exist for human habitation 1 mile beneath the surface of the earth?

Would air pressure be demonstrably greater in a subterranean city at a depth of 1 mile? Lava tubes leading into a dormant magma chamber -- this would have challenging gasses that would need to be ...
3
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2answers
4k views

Black hole at the center of the planet

Okay, picture a planet so massive, a black hole has formed in its center. The minimum mass of a black hole is 22 micrograms, or the Planck mass, and whatever the core is made of, it needs to be ...
2
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1answer
81 views

Planet covered in non-Newtonian fluid

Basically, I watched that horrible holiday special. The animated short that introduced our friend Boba Fett, and there’s a planet that’s apparently covered completely by a non-Newtonian fluid. What ...
2
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2answers
159 views

Could ants thrive on mars if they stayed underground? [closed]

Lets say humans would want to populate Mars with ants. Would it be possible for an ant colony to create a self sustaining ecosystem underground on Mars, by for example farming fungi, like some ants do?...
3
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1answer
77 views

How to get Rodinia/Pangaea to now in a year?

I was reading this article, and noticed this section: At the opposite end of the plates, the presence of water underground changes how easy or hard it is for one plate to subduct beneath another in a ...
8
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4answers
2k views

How Would the Mountains Form in This Supercontinent?

Here is a supercontinent map generated randomly from the Donjon website: Now, hold on just a minute. Something looks wrong. The mountains in brown and white are too far inland to be caused by ...
7
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2answers
223 views

Does extreme atmospheric pressure increase or decrease the power of weather?

The world I have imagined is much like Venus, with an atmosphere at "sea level" 70 times that of Earth, and temperatures at the same altitude approaching 377 degrees Celsius - with much more ...
10
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3answers
632 views

Inverted Everest world

I want to make a world with a great deal of variation in habitability in terms of temperature and pressure. Some areas would be habitable; others less so, some would require protective clothing and ...
23
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8answers
4k views

Can the Little Prince's planet actually exist in our universe?

This is a drawing by my daughter which inspired one of the elements in my story/world: The perspective is a little bit mixed here (certainly I don't have a 15 meter-high volcano in this world), but ...
3
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7answers
605 views

I need a possible way to flood a man-made lake located higher than sea level

I have a scenario where I need a man-made lake to overflow. It’s located higher than sea-level. There are underground streams which could be feeding it. It could have a channel to drain it into the ...
1
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3answers
103 views

(Semi) Believable way to quickly submerge a large landmass

I once before asked a question on how to quickly submerge a large landmass/continent. The answers there basically concluded that literally ''Sinking'' (a la Atlantis) is pretty much impossible to do ...
2
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2answers
220 views

Can Florida become an island?

I've been building a world set in the near future (decades/centuries) that includes Florida as an island. My intent was for a manmade or natural event to occur at or near the South Georgia Rift, but I ...
2
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3answers
177 views

Could an enormous structure be used to attract rain by acting as an artificial mountain?

If it were possible to build a giant geodesic dome tens of miles in diameter, what effect would it have on nearby weather? If built in an arid climate like the Sahara or Australia, would it be ...
8
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2answers
2k views

Could a robot that can survive at the center of the Earth also survive a nuclear explosion?

The robot in question is a very large, worm-like mining robot with a huge drill on its front end, built to survive staggering levels of heat and pressure. It's so resiliant, in fact, that it can ...
8
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3answers
366 views

Impacts of a moon falling on an Earth-like planet?

In the world my friend and I are making, the dark lord makes one of the planets uninhabitable by causing a moon, about the size of our own, to fall on it. About 7000 years later, it is unnaturally ...
6
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5answers
676 views

Need method to eliminate all life on planet [duplicate]

Space faring advanced species needs to 'disinfect' planets in habitual zones around stars. That's all life. They can wait a few thousand years to come back and seed the planet with a new ecosystem. ...
9
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3answers
329 views

How could formamide lakes form on an exoplanet?

I've been recently looking into alternative biochemistries for life and the environments were these could be found. I already asked a question about how ammonia oceans might form a while back. Today I'...
9
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1answer
249 views

Geothermal gradients if Earth becomes a rogue planet?

Assume Earth has been wrenched out of the Sun's orbit and has become a rogue planet, with its surface equilibrium temperature falling to ~-240C. At what depth will temperatures remain "comfortable" ...
3
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5answers
283 views

How to tackle one or multiple submerged continents

A part of the story I am writing involves two continents that centuries before the story takes place sunk into the sea. I want to have a way to explain this that does not come down to just the sea ...
6
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1answer
343 views

How could you build an artificial planet-sized magnetic field?

I'm conceiving of a world where humans can readily terraform worlds that were once considered "dead" due to the planet's magnetic field being long gone. In such a situation, what could humans do to ...
5
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0answers
73 views

Relationship between Ocean Gases and Atmospheric Gases [closed]

A version of this question is posted in Chemistry SE but doesn't seem to be getting traction there. Perhaps this SE is a bette place for this question? If you think it belongs on a different SE please ...
11
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1answer
450 views

Defining a superfluid ocean

I'm working on a world where water acts as a high-temperature superfluid. Specifically, H2O's lambda point is above its boiling point. Thus, all liquid water on the planet behaves as a superfluid. It ...
3
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4answers
3k views

If a world had a massive single giant world tree could it stop an earthquake?

You know stuff like Yggdrasil tree but just a normal tree that is the biggest and tallest in the world. If the roots grow to surpass the continental and oceanic plate either it only cover some parts ...
4
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5answers
367 views

How could a very strong impact on a planet create deformations on the opposite side?

Update (6/20/19): I have received some great answer here and they all mostly point to the fact that while effects on the opposite side of the planet are possible, the deformation may or may not ...
1
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0answers
77 views

what effect if the world have a single massive world giant tree? [closed]

you know stuff like ygdrasil tree but just a normal tree but the biggest and tallest in the world, i wonder what the effect to the world ? for an example if the root grow to surpass the continental ...
13
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4answers
491 views

Can a liquid sand ocean exist naturally?

I'm talking about this sort of liquid sand: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=My4RA5I0FKs "Desert-as-sea-analog" is present in many media, but often they lean heavily into fantasy, and it seems not ...
1
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3answers
148 views

What Else Could Create Jeffrey Linn's Coastlines BESIDES The Influence of Ice? [closed]

Who? Unfortunately, I could not find any background information about Jeffrey Linn, but he is better known for his sea level maps. Specifically, what a particular city would look like if sea levels ...
0
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5answers
129 views

How Can the Coastlines Look Similar In Spite of the Cooler Temperature

The established fact is that the shape of a planet's continental coastlines is determined by the planet's climate. Higher temperatures mean less ice, which ultimately means higher sea levels. (Case ...
2
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1answer
129 views

Earth tilt changes due to space launches

How many rocket launches are needed to change the axial tilt of the Earth so much that it is noticeable with instruments available today? We can assume that we are talking about the heaviest rocket ...
1
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1answer
73 views

How would constant rhythmic tsunamis affect the coast lines of the Atlantic Ocean?

Premise: a massive organic structure sits somewhere in the Atlantic Ocean giving of an intermittent telekinetic pulse. This would presumably create a constant chain of tsunamis. What sort of abnormal ...
3
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7answers
913 views

Creating flying cities

Writing about suspended cities within a planet's atmosphere! The story itself focuses on the air forces that fight for each of the hundreds of floating city states living in the sky, but that's here ...
3
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1answer
276 views

Any potential problems with the density of a planet with a volume 8 times that of Earth but the same surface gravity as Earth?

Assuming that there is an Earth-like planet that has 8 times the volume, 2.83 times the radius, and has the same surface gravity as Earth, and has oceans; what are potential problems concerning the ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

Oceanic crust formation

I'm working on a earth-like planet with a much lower sea level (like 3000m so the mid-ocean ridge would form many islands) but is that even possible? Will the emerged ridge make some weird stuff and ...
5
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2answers
155 views

How might the cooling of the Earth's core be accelerated?

Essentially, what would be the most efficient way of causing the Earth's core to cool as much as possible without damaging human civilization in any other way (the outcome can damage it, but not the ...
-1
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1answer
156 views

Could a natural satellite in geosynchronous orbit be used as a counterweight to a space elevator?

Could a natural satellite in geosynchronous orbit be used as a counterweight for a space elevator? Does the counterweight need to be of approximately the same weight as the anchor? If so, I suppose ...
1
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3answers
174 views

Lifting water from a subterranean lake by boiling it?

A medieval-tech desert city relies on a nearby subterranean lake for their water source. In lieu of employing thousands of slaves carrying pots up a long series of tunnels, could the intrepid desert ...
9
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3answers
755 views

Is an offset mountain range plausible?

For my world, I would like a coastal mountain range that partway along its length is offset by a few (say, 100) kilometres, forming a pass through the mountains, like so: (N.B. I've drawn this very ...
0
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2answers
140 views

Could there be a plausible description for a kind of radioactive ore that can amplify the energy of a host or object, or potentially destroy it? [closed]

This kind of ore should be rare (maybe from meteorites?), dangerous (radioactive?), but potentially very useful in a world where people have augmented abilities, cybernetic attachments, that sort of ...
7
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4answers
828 views

Can a dual planet have an orbit around the Sun similar to Earth's?

This is a sequel to my previous question How big could a moon be before its orbit became too unstable or tidally locked to its planet OK, let's imagine that the thing everyone thought was a moon was ...