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Questions tagged [geology]

For questions about rocks, minerals and the physical structure and substance of the world.

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1answer
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How to make a bigger planet be as similar to Earth as possible

My fantasy world is slightly larger than earth so that discovery of the continents becomes harder (about 20% surface should do it). But at the same time I want to preserve most aspects to make it like ...
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What conditions would make having them sunken into the ground the predominant way of building large structures?

As he neared the outskirts of the city the canyons of multi-storey buildings lined with coffee- and tea-houses gave way to the large squat shapes of factories, storage-halls and other industry. If it ...
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10answers
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Realistic geological and chemical composition of an edible planetary surface

We all at some point in our childhoods thought that the moon is made out of cheese. As such, I thought: under what circumstances can a planetary surface form in such a manner that it is edible (and ...
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6answers
686 views

A world without mountains

I'm relatively new to all this. I'm thinking of studying a little Earth sciences in the hope that it tells me but, up front, I want to know if I'm completely off. I want to know if a world with no ...
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5answers
302 views

Civilization on a diamond exoplanet?

If humans discovered a diamond exoplanet and then traveled there, how would they set up civilization on a diamond exoplanet? Everything needs a foundation, even on low-gravity planets (below 9.8m/s^2)...
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0answers
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Thousand Plate World: Effects [closed]

I have found this idea on a discussion on /r/worldbuilding. Anyway, the premise is as follows: The planet is earth-like in terms of size and mass. The planet has a very large amount of small, active, ...
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2answers
272 views

Thousand Plate World: Formation

I have found this idea on a discussion on /r/worldbuilding. Anyway, the premise is as follows: The planet is earth-like in terms of size and mass. The planet has a very large amount of small, active, ...
3
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2answers
86 views

Survival of Eukaryotic Life in Stagnant Oceans

I was trying to figure out the early geological/biological history of the world I'm creating, and I was wondering about the development of early life. Basically, I've envisioned a world where ...
9
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4answers
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How long does it take for islands to form after an underwater volcanic eruption?

So, vaguely, I remember from earth science that when submarine volcanoes erupt they eventually form archipelagos. My question actually has several parts; Starting with the first eruption to break ...
13
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1answer
230 views

Planet-wide vocalizations: is there a natural limit preventing it?

Premise I recently recalled when the Chelyabinsk meteor crashed overhead in 2013. The pressure wave was immense. The infrasounds, as recorded by nuclear missile detectors, appeared to traverse the ...
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6answers
312 views

Long Term Zircon Data Storage

Question How can Zircon be used to record data for generations of life forms? Requirements Must be able to store the data with little to no loss of it, for a least 541 million years The data in the ...
3
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1answer
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How do I figure out the size of an Earth-like world's layers and composition of elements

After getting help from the members of this site with Worldbuilding an Earth-like world around an F-Type Star, I have another question. The Planet's radius is 90% of Earth's. The Planet's rotation is ...
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2answers
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What geological consequences would result from a binary planet system?

Before picking specs, I need to ensure feasibility. Only one of the planets need be Earth-like; in fact, I would prefer if the other planet were rather small and dead, like a moon. The orbits will be ...
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3answers
151 views

Can A Theia-Like Object Make Earth Richer?

Let's start with a little backstory--our planet underwent an impact-coalescence cycle only once, 4.5 billion years ago, when a Mars-sized object named Theia destroyed the infant Earth in a glancing ...
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2answers
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All the Radioactive Metals Inside Earth's Core--How Would They Affect Convection?

In relation to a recent question of mine, this alternate Earth still has its core consisting of 84% iron, but the other 16% contains the greatest concentrations of all known species of heavy metals (...
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1answer
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If Earth's Core had ALL Of the Heavy Metals

Back home, Earth had gone through an impact-coalesce cycle only once. Since then, its core has been 84% iron, 6% nickel and the rest being labeled by The Encyclopedia of Earth: A Complete Visual ...
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12answers
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Malign Science: Counter argument for KT boundary

Premise This is a world in which humans are blissfully unaware of their own vulnerability. Needless to say, there are many vulnerabilities to address, however, this question deals only with the ...
15
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2answers
230 views

A blue flamestorm blasting through a system of big yellow caves?

What I "want": My fantasy world has lots of volcanos. Deep under the surface there is a root-like form of life predominant. It grows in big bundles and searches for important minerals, gases, fluids, ...
4
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3answers
151 views

Geology on low density planets

I am currently working on a piece that has a planet (about double the size of Earth). It is worth noting that this is a low density planet. Without any other factors (Earth-like atmosphere, same ...
11
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6answers
501 views

Ringstadt: Can my mountains be what I need them to?

When the old mining town was founded, nobody did think of this ever growing into much more than a coal-mining town. The deposits of iron-ore, aside from the already developed peat bog to the north, ...
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2answers
87 views

Ringstadt: Getting sulphur into my water

You sure lad? For some of you folks normal beer is already an acquired taste, but this... this beer definitely is. You understand that this stuff is brewed with water from the devil's choke? You know, ...
2
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3answers
273 views

How much electricity could an iron core moon passing over a copper deposit on a planet generate?

Assuming the moon is the same size as ours and its core is generating a magnetic field, and the copper deposits are quite large, consisting of a tectonic plate containing huge deposits of native ...
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7answers
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What would it take for an island to sink and rise yearly and naturally

So I'm writing a book and need help to better explain this island that sinks, more on that in a moment as I give you the basic build of the planet... First, its a world on a very tilted angle. the ...
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6answers
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An iron rain to starve a planet

I have a generic Earth like planet, same atmospheric composition, and the same oceanic composition. The crust of this planet is predominantly silicon based but plenty of iron, nickel and copper. ...
17
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6answers
652 views

Ringstadt: How sensible is my topography?

Look at you all sitting here. Quite some of you have probably never ventured beyond the outskirts of this city, mayhaps not even past the wall? You've spent your whole lives in this place, but what do ...
2
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2answers
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Fantastic gas, part 2: what would be the source of a subterranean gas that's not organic in origin?

Natural gas comes can be found in the underground, but its origin are the organic rests of a long time ago. However, my gas doesn't come from dead trees or anything like that. So what's an alternative ...
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2answers
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How would we overcome the sinking problem as sediment builds up around urban areas? [closed]

As sediment builds up over the earth, it is compacted into layers of rock, which can be seen in the geological record. However, urban areas typically have good maintenance which washes away any ...
3
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1answer
66 views

Oceanic crust formation

I'm working on a earth-like planet with a much lower sea level (like 3000m so the mid-ocean ridge would form many islands) but is that even possible? Will the emerged ridge make some weird stuff and ...
4
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7answers
258 views

Natural barriers around medieval towns

I have a town, the capital of an empire. It covers 560 Hectares. What kind of natural barrier conforms to the following requirements: Is both heavily defensible and does not hinder trade all too ...
17
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6answers
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Can a habitable planet have two separate crusts, both of which can sustain life?

Can a habitable planet have two separate crusts, both of which can sustain life? I am wondering if through the planet's creation, over time through some form of mantle cooling/erosion combination, ...
6
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2answers
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How would coral reefs thrive on this super-earth world?

I have a super-earth world. The surface of the world is shallower due to extra gravity, so shorter mountain ranges and less ocean depths. The world orbits a binary star system at a distance of the ...
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6answers
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What type of stone should I use for these hills?

The capital of a country is built on a series of stone hills that gradually lead to the ocean. The stone is noted for both the strength of castles made from it and its unique blue-green coloring. This ...
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2answers
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How tall can a humanoid creature be without alerting the rest of the planet with earthquakes?

Planet is earth sized. Fantasy medieval setting that takes place on Continent A, which is on the other side of the planet from Continent B - about as far as South America is from Asia. Continent B ...
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2answers
177 views

Is a Continent of Karstic Plateaus Feasible

The Tsingy National Park is popular for its unique karstic plateaus. These karstic plateaus are thousands of large sharp pillars or needles that stretch towards the sky, creating a wide variety of ...
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1answer
103 views

The Rocky Side of the World Without Oil

Lately, there has been speculation of what would happen if all the untapped oil, by the handwaving powers of the gods of television and money, disappear overnight. It has been explained, in varying ...
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2answers
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Starting with a map of current landforms, how can I write the geographic history of my planet?

The current worldbuilding project I have is going to be detailed - very detailed. It's about the life of an alien planet called Nemo 4, and I want to chronicle the evolutionary history of that life, ...
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2answers
110 views

Albedo of a planet like Crait

If a planet like Crait existed and was covered by (mostly) white sand, what would its average albedo be? Crait is a planet from Star Wars that has a thin layer of white salt on its surface.
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5answers
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Can fields be destroyed by water so that new ones need to be dug up?

I currently have a character whose fields are destroyed as they are at the base of a valley, and the rain has completely killed the seeds and waterlogged the dirt. Thus, main character needs to dig ...
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2answers
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How would the color of sand affect the color of glass?

So, I know that there are naturally occurring beaches that are various 'odd' colors like pink, black, green, and orange and I was wondering if the color of this sand would have any effects on the ...
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5answers
237 views

Effects of asteroid passing very close to the planet

I am trying to think of a natural event that causes very big impact to human lives - massive movements of people, shift of power, etc. This event happens in a medieval period on an earth-like planet. ...
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2answers
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Is this reaction realistic enough?

I'm building a world which has, apart from the 'usual' stuff, 2 types of stones (haven't really decided on a name yet). Stone A holds some form of energy but when prompted by Stone B it will release ...
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4answers
237 views

Hyperdense Object

If a planet has a core of super-dense material, how might that effect the geological composition of that planet? Specifically: imagine a lunar-sized planet, with earth-like geology and density. If ...
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6answers
206 views

Could there be some kind of way for an underground jungle-like climate to occur

In my world, there would be a tropical region very similar to real life rain forests, though underground there's still jungle. At a point underground, there are huge caverns that are populated by ...
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6answers
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How many tectonic plates should my planet have? And why?

While constructing a planet, with the same mass, volume and overall composition as Earth, how do I know how many tectonic plates should it have? And what does having more or fewer tectonic plates ...
4
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3answers
219 views

Would a lack of landmasses at the equator change climates closer to the poles?

I'm imagining an Earth-like world with a single large continent centered on the north pole, and not reaching entirely to the equator. As ocean currents play a large role in shaping weather, I'm ...
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7answers
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Advanced civilization on planet with atmosphere only in large sinkholes

I want to have an Earth-sized planet (with similar gravity) with an extremely low-density atmosphere (comparable to Mars) at most of its surface. Complex life, including an information-age ...
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4answers
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If the Black Sea was disconnected from the Mediterranean, how long would it take to become freshwater?

The Black Sea is a brackish body of water, that used to be separate from the Mediterranean. Further back, it was likely part of the Mediterranean before the last ice age. How long would it, or for a ...
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2answers
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Is there anything wrong with my plate tectonics map?

Here is a map I just produced of the plate tectonics of a world I'm working on. Does anyone familiar with the subject see anything wrong with it? If you can differentiate between the penciled and the ...
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2answers
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Can Off-shore Calderas Exist?

A caldera is usually the remnant of a volcanic eruption powerful enough to collapse the structure surrounding the magma chamber. Many of our examples, like Yellowstone, Crater Lake, Toba and even ...
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7answers
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Evidence of spacetime anomaly in local geology?

My current project features a contemporary scientist who is convinced that some sort of spacetime anomaly occurred in a tiny rural Yorkshire, U.K. community circa-1850; he believes a dilapidated old ...