Questions tagged [climate-change]

For questions about planetary climate change.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
44
votes
27answers
15k views

How could a time traveler have prevented climate change [closed]

Let's say a Moon colonist in the future has discovered an alien time machine. A small remnant of humanity still exists on colony worlds in the solar system, but due to runaway climate change, they are ...
41
votes
6answers
13k views

What if a portal is opened from the Mariana trench to the Sahara desert?

The first portal is placed at bottom-most point of the Mariana trench (the deepest part of any ocean, located in the western Pacific Ocean) and the second is placed in the Sahara desert in Africa at ...
34
votes
17answers
14k views

Dropping ice in the ocean to stop global warming

In the TV show Futurama, an in-show infomercial mentions that Earthicans started dropping giant ice cubes in the ocean to slow down global warming. Now, Futurama is a show where science is a mixed bag:...
29
votes
9answers
6k views

Keeping an "hot eyeball planet" wet

Consider such a tidally locked planet: Many issues with tidally locked worlds have been discussed, but I'm not clear on how the water cycle for an otherwise Earth-like tidally locked world, would be ...
21
votes
9answers
7k views

How big would a satellite need to be to block out the sun?

I have a story idea that involves a human attempt to halt and reverse global climate change. The idea is a simple one - a satellite that partially blocks out the sun. The satellite is located at the ...
18
votes
6answers
3k views

What measures might an ancient civilization take to protect itself from extreme heat?

An ancient human like civilization exists on a planet like our own but warmer, with more deserts and smaller oceans. Climate change is forcing the daytime temperature slowly upwards. What measures ...
15
votes
8answers
9k views

What would Earth look like at the beginning of 22nd century if temperatures rose by 30 degrees Celsius?

The beginning of 22nd century. Temperatures on the globe rose by 30 degrees Celsius over decades, because humanity was unwilling to stop greenhouse gas emissions. How would the surface of Earth look ...
15
votes
4answers
2k views

How many "years without a summer" can society survive?

In 1815 Mount Tambora erupted throwing so much dust into the atmosphere that the year became known as "the year without a summer". *There were a few other mitigating factors but Tambora is thought to ...
13
votes
13answers
6k views

Is this state of Earth possible, after humans left for a million years?

It is the year 4056 (or probably later). The rocket with the last residents of Earth just took off, because global warming and pollution couldn't be stopped nor reverted and Earth became uninhabitable....
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Can one nation purposefully, inconspicuously, cause global warming?

The People's Dominion of North Kadana is an arctic isolationist dictatorship, with lots of territory but it is all barren frozen tundra. Their plan: heat up the world by a few degrees, making their ...
11
votes
11answers
3k views

How do I explain a big flooding event that happened while still having a cold planet?

On the planet I’m making, there was a big flood that happened and raised the sea level by 30 meters. I want the planet to have a cold climate, so I can’t simply explain the flood by saying it was ...
11
votes
3answers
478 views

How much of the sun's light would have to be blocked for the Earth to become uninhabitable?

For context: I'm writing a story where the main antagonist is an empire that builds Dyson swarms around every star they can get their hands on. The protagonist lives on a planet around one such star, ...
10
votes
3answers
613 views

Time estimate for converting desert to savanna/forest

I'm building a world in whose history climactic changes causes a region of desert to start seeing regular rain. This causes the native culture of the desert people to also change along with it, ...
9
votes
4answers
613 views

What kind of natural disaster could create a permanent, global cloud cover?

“Permanent” here meaning “significant over geological timespans”, so it would have to last at least 10,000 years and produce a thick enough layer of clouds that it would cover the entire planet in an ...
9
votes
3answers
143 views

What average global temperature would optimize Earth for human habitability?

The year is 2100. While climate change has wrought serious damage to the biosphere, humanity has at last managed to become carbon neutral, and has even developed technology that can be used to reduce ...
8
votes
4answers
667 views

Is a post-climate apocalypse city in which many or most insects have disappeared realistic?

Supposing climate change continues at its current "worst case" projected rates, would we see a noticeable reduction in insects down the line? I am wondering if it makes sense to have a character who ...
8
votes
5answers
541 views

What would happen if we built a huge cofferdam around Hawaii and drained the water?

I had an idea for a sci-fantasy story set in a far future where there are primitive human settlements at the base of Mauna Kea who are unaware that they're actually dwelling on the sea floor of the ...
8
votes
3answers
344 views

Plausible futuristic infrastructure for an underwater micronation built 300-500 feet below the surface

My story takes place hundreds of years in the future after global warming has made life at the surface uninhabitable for most life forms. What’s left of mankind survived because it became popular to ...
8
votes
1answer
193 views

Maintain atmosphere on moon using global warming

So, a neat thing, depending on how you look at it, about greenhouse gases is that while it's causing a raise in temperature near the surface it actually makes the upper parts of the atmosphere ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

Could Comets or Meteors be used to Combat Global Warming?

The running theory is that if the Earth is hit by a sufficiently large meteor, that the impact would create an ice age from all the dust it would put into the atmosphere. While this has been ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Can satellites decrease global warming?

An island nation has a lot of coastal territory and has become gravely concerned about the threat of global warming. They've decided to fix this by launching reflective satellites into orbit -- ...
7
votes
3answers
276 views

Can black algae promote a global warming on a cold planet?

My world is at the outer edge of the habitable zone. There is enough heat and geological activity to start life, but a snowball earth is looming and threatens to freeze it all. There is some spring ...
7
votes
3answers
337 views

Preserving the mammoth steppe

During much of the Late Pleistocene stage, the world's most widespread biome was the so-called "mammoth steppe" - a cold, dry grassland which spanned eastward all the way from Spain to Canada. It was ...
6
votes
4answers
25k views

What would an Antarctica without ice look like compared to other continents?

Lets suppose that Antarctica at some point lost most of its ice (due to global warming or some other plausible reason) and now most of its bedrock surface is exposed. Compared to other continents, ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

What adaptations would be advantageous given a regular, but extreme variation in climate?

In a fantasy world I am constructing, a planet goes through regular, but extreme temperature cycling. Roughly every 500 years, the planet begins to heat or cool, dependent on its current temperature. ...
6
votes
5answers
516 views

Is it possible to have (near future) satellites that appear to rise and set like the sun and moon?

And if I wanted them to appear about 10 times the size of the sun and moon, would this be possible? Should they lie inside LEO or beyond it? I would like their orbit to be considerably closer than ...
6
votes
3answers
459 views

Are there semi plausible scenarios where Nuclear Winter could last a thousand years or trigger an ice age?

Trying to develop a fictional scenario with a 'believable' theory as to how a Nuclear War and resulting Nuclear Winter could turn into a millennial scale ice age. By 'believable', I mean that it ...
6
votes
3answers
535 views

Could you actually make a green space program?

Is it plausible to build and maintain a space program without adding to climate change? While obviously there are larger problems in the near term with respect to climate change, I'm thinking about a ...
6
votes
2answers
260 views

Can enough CO2 be captured, in order to reduce global warming, to reduce oxygen levels to suffocating levels?

In a comment to a recent question, it was pointed out that Biosphere II failed in part because too much CO2 was absorbed by the concrete, leaving insufficient oxygen in available CO2 to be released by ...
6
votes
3answers
384 views

What would happen to the climate if Earth's sea-levels rose 2000m?

This is the first of possibly several posts about the following scenario, in which Earth's sea-level rises 2 km overnight, generating a world map looking like this: Question: What would be the ...
6
votes
3answers
526 views

Would a permanent rain be possible?

Would there any scientifical explanation to a permanent rain (at least 2 years) everywhere on Earth ? Climate-change ? My best explanation at this point is accelerated ice cap melting. There must be ...
6
votes
3answers
112 views

Nesting abilities of migratory interdimensional creature

I'm waving hands a fair bit here, and I am doing that because I believe that it is internally coherent, so if you accept these things, you shouldn't need the story to suggest answers. I'm including as ...
6
votes
2answers
156 views

How plausible is this volcanic eruption event? Dark Age without total extinction of Stone/Bronze/Iron Age people?

At the end of the desert's westward Great River (think the Nile in Egypt) there is a volcanic island called Harek-Set. Its black mountain is a hotspot volcano which produces obsidian and makes the ...
6
votes
1answer
293 views

Underground cities in a Glacial Climate Transition?

My story is based on a Glacial Climate setting or an Ice Age. However the transition is gradual and humanity was given some time to adapt. The transition began in our real-world technological ...
6
votes
1answer
226 views

Could an earthquake alter weather over the long term, and therefore climate?

I live in Cape Town, South Africa where it is a very real possibility that not a single drop of water will be left in our dams come March 2018. THIS is a news article that suggests that at a ...
5
votes
7answers
2k views

The possibility and possible backlash of a thruster large enough to move a planet

Inspired from the game "Planetary Annihilation" a Halley Delta V Engine is a engine built in the ground that is big enough to move the planet when used. This can be used for two things in my mind. War,...
5
votes
4answers
436 views

Increasing Earth's orbital radius to stop global warming

Followup from Dropping ice in the ocean to stop global warming as promised. In the Futurama episode "Crimes of the Hot", All earth robots fire their engines at the same time at the Galapagos islands. ...
5
votes
4answers
305 views

How might a naturally-occuring geographical barrier between two areas *suddenly* become permeable so that a few people can cross it?

The world is Earth, probably west coast of the USA, in the throes of severe climate disaster; major storms, earthquakes, droughts, fires and floods are the norm. I am looking for a way to suddenly ...
5
votes
3answers
791 views

What if all life disappeared from the earth?

What if all life (plants, animals, bacteria, fungi, and everything from the smallest cell to the largest whale) disappeared instantly? And here I don't mean things related to the disappearance of ...
5
votes
4answers
209 views

In an Earth with massively spiked CO2 content, how might survivors set about reducing that content?

Some cataclysmic event has transpired on planet Earth in the not-too-distant-future, and the outside air is now thick with CO2, causing all of the problems that come with it. Human beings can no ...
5
votes
2answers
226 views

Would building a large underwater dome be possible with European Renaissance technology?

So my novel setting is a pseudo-European continent that is at a Renaissance level of technology, and over the past century has experienced rampant sea level rise. I’d imagine that this would present a ...
5
votes
2answers
364 views

Reducing atmospheric pressure on Snowball Earth

A Snowball Earth is a global condition (which may have occurred many times) in which the temperature everywhere on the surface was, for extended periods (up to tens of millions of years), below the ...
5
votes
2answers
224 views

Would the melting of ice islands affect the weather across the seas?

I've studied a little about glacial melting and temperature changes in sea currents and worldwide. I couldn't find any definitive answer and since I'm no expert on this matter I'm a bit confused. The ...
5
votes
3answers
122 views

Best location for mass desertification?

I would like to know the best potential mass desertified location for my story set in the near future. (50-60 years.) This includes land or water, eg a dried up lake or area of farmland, or both. By ...
5
votes
1answer
712 views

What would happen if ocean currents suddenly stopped (or changed)?

I'm thinking about a device (in a story I'm writing) that could control ocean currents, and I'm wondering how it could be weaponized. For example, if an ocean current was suddenly stopped, what might ...
5
votes
1answer
149 views

What might the political climate in the United States look like in twenty or thirty years? [closed]

I wrote a speculative science fiction novel in 2014, and last week I met a copy editor who suggested that I do some digging to find out how the society in which my character would be integrated would ...
5
votes
1answer
183 views

If the Earth is completely covered by mirrors, how quickly does it freeze?

Suppose all areas of the Earth is suddenly covered in indestructible mirrors (assume they reflect 70% of solar energy that would hit the land/ocean), how quickly will the increase in albedo cause the ...
5
votes
2answers
196 views

Would a More Extreme Icing of Antarctica Create an Extinction Event?

55 million years ago, the world was literally a jungle. It was so warm that plants like the bald cypress and the dawn redwood have been found at Ellesmere Island, right inside the Arctic Circle. ...
5
votes
2answers
405 views

Antarctic Climate on Greenhouse Earth

Scenario: Say we have a massive release of greenhouse gases into Earth's atmosphere, however much for the ocean around Antarctica to get just warm enough for hurricanes to form during the summer (28.5 ...
4
votes
10answers
9k views

Would using carbon dioxide as fuel work to reduce the greenhouse effect?

I'm trying to find a plausible way to reduce global warming in a world past the tipping point. I recently read this article : https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/11/171127173225.htm. It ...