Questions tagged [climate]

For questions about specific changes in the characteristics of the weather in a location. You should also consider the tags [weather] and [seasons].

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Where might hypothetical settlements on coastal river-mouths from previous periods of climatic stability have been sited, given varying sea levels?

Historical siting of settlements in different climatic epochs I'm interested in knowing where settlements would have arisen in previous periods of climatic stability (periods when civilisations might ...
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How close to the sun would a planet or moon have to be to have human-safe temperatures?

So in a story I’m writing there’s a large settlement in space. I’d like it to be on a hidden moon of Mars (one that was cloaked from the humans for ages so they didn’t know it was there), but ...
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3answers
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Synthetic Daylight Cycle on a Structure too large for one Sun?

In this universe, an advanced race of aliens have constructed the largest object in the universe other than the universe itself, which is about 40,000,000 lightyears tall (don't worry about the ...
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11answers
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Passive Cooling Techniques for Apartment Buildings

Okay, so I'm building a world with an empire originally based out of an arid/semi-arid (Sahel type) ecoregion. As the empire expands, it will eventually shift its capital to a more temperate climate, ...
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1answer
58 views

Climate of a Planet in a Binary Star System

Would the climate of a planet in a binary star system consisting of a K star and a G star be affected by the binary system? By this I mean, does having two stars at the center of a solar system affect ...
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What would happen if the salt in the oceans disappeared? [closed]

Based on current understanding of how ecology processes work, what would happen in the short term as well as the long term if the salt in the Earth's oceans disappeared?
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1answer
66 views

Climate model for an S-type binary

I have recently created a planet and I've decided it will exist in a binary system. It will orbit a red dwarf which will, in turn, orbit a red giant that has evolved from a very low mass star (so it ...
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1answer
79 views

What's the best climate for the extremes of a supercontinent that doesn't exceed latitude 55 and don't have ice caps?

The world is not to be so much different from Earth, unless it has 1.5x Earth's mass, the average temperature is 17°C and the axial tilt is 20,5°. Comparing to Earth in this latitude, it should be Cfb/...
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1answer
74 views

Climate in a S-type orbit planet in a binary star system

I made a planet orbiting (S-type orbit) a K-type star in a binary system; the other star is F-type. Star F-type K-type Mass 1.3 M☉ or 2.6x1030 kg 0.7 M☉ or 1x1030 kg Radius 1.14 R☉ or 0.8x109 m 0....
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2answers
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What would be the climate patterns on a lush life-bearing moon orbiting a gas giant in the goldilocks zone?

The moon would be similar to Earth in size and composition and the gas giant comparable to neptune or uranus. Will the periods of eclipse of the the giant have an effect on climate? What about the ...
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2answers
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Is this fictional habitable exoplanet of Alpha Centauri A realistic?

Based on the real Alpha Centauri system, I want a harsh but technically human habitable planet around Alpha Centauri A. This is for a hard science-fiction PC game. My question is: are these planetary ...
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1answer
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Climates of a Eurasia-like continent in the tropics

I'm working on an earth-like world that has a two main continents akin to Eurasia+Africa. but centred on the Equator. Basically, the premise is to shift the east-west axis of diffusion that exists on ...
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5answers
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How Would Someone Who's Lived on a Climate-Controlled Planet Their Whole Life Acclimate to Extreme Climates?

One of the main characters in my book series is from an ecumenopolis (planet-city, similar to Coruscant from Star Wars) that is climate controlled to be wet and temperate all year round. Rainfall is ...
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3answers
229 views

Is This Realistic Physical Geography for my World?

One of the planets in my science-fantasy series is small (around the size of Earth's moon). The gravity implications of this are the one part of this the magical origins of my universe are able to ...
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2answers
366 views

How would arctic travelers, in a medieval setting, keep water from freezing?

The setting is extremely cold all the time, and traveling around takes days. How would travelers bring water rations with them and keep it from freezing? There are almost no un-frozen bodies of water ...
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Geology and climate etc on a earth size habitable moon of a gas giant [closed]

A bit of background: I'm in the beginning stages of creating a habitable moon orbiting a gas giant. The conditions I have so far for this are: The moon itself is more or less Earth-size, and the gas ...
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3answers
177 views

How Should Cuisine Vary Across a Geographically Diverse Empire?

The Argentolian Empire is a massive land that spans a region roughly the size of the continental United States. Located in the southern hemisphere of its planet, the north is generally tropical, the ...
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Warming a world by nuking the oceans

Wrathful aliens are teaching the humans a lesson by relocating their world from a cosy 1 AU to around 4 AU away from the central Sun-like star. The planet is Mars-sized and covered in a salt-water ...
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1answer
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If I enter a large island into the North Sea, how would that impact local climate, weather & tides?

For the purpose of a story, I'm having an additional island in the North Sea. The island is where the Doggerbank used to be, but a bit larger. The highest "mountaintops" are around 1000m, ...
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2answers
246 views

Is The Climate Map for My Alternate Earth Accurate?

Here is a map of an alternate Earth that I've been building and rebuilding for years: To make things easier on all of us, myself included especially, at the bottom left is a legend on this world's ...
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3answers
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How to dry an ocean planet and NOT turn it into a salty desert?

So, Here's the scenario: we start with an ocean planet, with minimal dry land. The planet stays this way for at least 400 million years. (Notably, life evolves during this time period.) Then, a magic ...
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3answers
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How Do Cold-Blooded Aliens Keep Warm in the Snow?

Note: this question uses third party worlds and species to illustrate the point, but it is not in any way about them, therefore this question is not off-topic. I checked. I have just finished ...
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1answer
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Does my planet's climate check out? [closed]

So as part of a worldbuilding project I've decided to write up basic specs for a fictional habitable planet and draw a map of its continents and climate, but my main concern is that I haven't quite ...
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Effects on World Climate without (Most of) northwest and central Europe

So I'm considering creating a fantasy setting heavily modelled on Earth with the exception that most of what we consider Northwest and Central Europe is replaced by sea. I decided to as a reference ...
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3answers
202 views

What Would the Climate Be Like on this Extreme Alternate Earth?

In an alternate universe, Earth orbits not one sun, but two. As you can see, both stars are orange dwarves, each one only 40% as bright as our sun. All the same, this alternate Earth orbits from ...
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1answer
123 views

What would Pangaea's Climate look like? [duplicate]

I'm building a world as close to the real Pangaea as possible. And I was wondering what the climate would look like. I've read other answers to similar questions but they haven't described the entire ...
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2answers
159 views

What would the effect of a magical ring of ice around the equator be?

So the question here isn't exactly is it possible or what would make it happen, but what would the consequences be? A massive magical ring of ice around the equator, sucking in heat from the hottest ...
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1answer
78 views

Which Crops/Other Plants Could be Grown in a “Tropical Mediterranean” Climate?

In my book series, the region around the capital city of one of my planets has a very odd climate: while it has the year-round warm-to-hot weather of a tropical climate, it also has an exaggerated ...
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1answer
66 views

What effect would exceptionally tall mountains have on high-altitude wind currents in an Earth-like environment?

I am currently in the process of building my fantasy world from the ground up and as I finished my height map, I realized I had some pretty tall mountains. Not just a few of those stereotypical lone, ...
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4answers
491 views

Which Crops Could be Grown in a Subpolar Oceanic (CFC) Climate Zone?

In my fantasy series, the area the main protagonist is from is cool and dreary year-round, but never cold and never hot. For example, it never really gets higher than the 60s farenheit at the peak of ...
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1answer
69 views

Effect of lower average temperatures on the tropical savannahs and deserts of a planet

I have a nagging question that has been eating away at me since I am figuring out the biomes that are present in the world that I am building. For all intents and purposes this world is basically an ...
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2answers
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How could strange energies cause massive droughts within a localized region?

The scenario: Background Let me begin by explaining the surreal parts of this scenario: essentially there is an archipelago of islands just south of Australia that have existed under the world's noses....
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3answers
162 views

Logistics of habitable moons orbiting a brown dwarf

Okay, so I've found some threads about the day/night cycle and seasons of habitable moons orbiting gas giants, but what if we replace the gas giant by a brown dwarf (i.e. the sub-stellar object class ...
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1answer
73 views

How to block extreme winds on a stormy planet?

Assume that you have a planet mostly covered in water (about 89% of the surface is water). There are a few connected continents in the middle of the planet. If the rotation of the planet is slow, say ...
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What would the seasonal patterns be like on this world?

Here's the set up on this system I have: The sun is .99 solar mass, .97 luminosity. The world in question has the following orbital parameters: Dist: 1.253 AU Orbital Period: 1.41 (rel. to Earth) ...
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1answer
88 views

What is the ideal day length for extreme weather?

This question is in reference to a previous question by TrEs-2b and SRM: I want to create a planet with a significantly longer day than Earth's. However, I was only able to find a question about a ...
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42 views

Is it Possible to Have a Tropical Climate With a Summer Dry Season?

In my book series, the northern coast of one of my provinces is in the tropics and on the western side of its continent. However, because it is mountainous and on a relatively cold sea, I was thinking ...
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2answers
73 views

How Could Cold-Climate War Animals Such as Mammoths be Adjusted for Warfare in Warm Climates?

In this fantasy novel I'm working on, the villain is from a very cold-climate planet and is planning an invasion of a much warmer planet. While most of his army is standard infantry and cavalry, he ...
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0answers
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Tropical Moon Orbiting Gas Giant [duplicate]

I am asking this question, “How would it be possible for the moon of a gas giant to naturally be habitable for human life?” Specifically, I’m looking at these criteria: Has a tropical climate with ...
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1answer
94 views

How could some smart high school kids sabotage a natural gas well? [closed]

One of my young eco-warriors in a near future climate disaster thriller needs to strike out at a big energy company that pretends to be developing renewables but is actually developing more and more ...
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1answer
106 views

Help with Pressure, Winds, Precipitation and Climate Zone

So I've decided to re-do my worlds winds with a more realistic approach. Honestly the entire process has overwhelmed me, so I need some help with certain things. This is the climate map map by itself. ...
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3answers
134 views

Living on a Windy Rainless Hemisphere

The dayside of this arid, tidally locked world has no rain, but instead has glacier-fed endorheic rivers. Winds are unending, and vary from ~15kph to ~50kph depending on distance from the glaciers. ...
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2answers
122 views

A single volcano turns a northern island into a tropical jungle: how it is made?

To have a single volcano warm up an island the size of Iceland and located in a northern Europe climate, how hot does a volcano have to be, or what type of volcano does it need to be? I want the ...
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1answer
104 views

Tidally Locked Planet with no Oceans

Picture an earth-mass, breathable atmosphere planet; tidally locked to a red dwarf; orbiting far enough out that the dayside is not scorching; and with no planet-wide liquid oceans (but probably local ...
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5answers
458 views

Can my civilization be totally isolated by deserts?

Is it possible for a dry planet similar to Earth* to be inhabited by an indigenous intelligent humanoid species that is restricted to a small area of the planet – perhaps 1000 miles x 1000 miles near ...
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1answer
40 views

How To Approach a Range of Albedo in A Given Latitude Range When Estimating Temperature?

There's a lot of information about figuring in the average albedo of a planet when calculating the base temperature for a planet. What if you want to get more granular, down to each (let's say) 10 ...
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3answers
151 views

How to minimise the size of temperate zones of an Earth like planet?

I want to create a planet similar to Earth but with narrow temperate bands between much wider tropical and polar bands. How can this be achieved? The planet must be similar to Earth and capable of ...
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3answers
250 views

Is it Possible to Have Snow-Capped Mountains Directly on a Tropical Beach? [duplicate]

In my world, there is an archipelago that is home to the Coorabar Alps, the highest mountain range in the entire known galaxy (quite a few peaks here surpass 30,000 feet, and they form a plateau on ...
2
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2answers
366 views

Best and Worst Koppen Climate Types for Human Civilization?

I've already made a Koppen climate map of (the relevant parts of) my world (see below) and I was wondering where most of the civilization and agricultural development should arise here based on that. ...
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2answers
191 views

What Will My Alternate Earth's Climate Be Like? (Basically Speaking, Not Asking Much)

Ultimately, this scenario will depend on whether or not this alternate Earth would orbit one G-type star or two, and whether dawn would still be in the east, like back home, or in the west, like in ...

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