Questions tagged [adaptability]

For questions about how a certain species or object can change to fit a new criteria of living or other.

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4
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1answer
53 views

Linking genetic sex to a set of climate adaptations

My world is fairly chaotic, with the same 2/3 of it being completely broken up and remade in chunks such that the whole 2/3 is always completely different than it was ten years ago. So once species ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Pros and Cons of Humans Having Hobbit Soles

Yes, hobbit feet have been popularly described as hairy. But they are also described as having thick, leathery soles. Of course, this is fantasy, but what if this were real-life? What are the pros ...
4
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2answers
143 views

Would a 200-Pound Dwarf Still Need to Wear Clothes?

The average Neandertal male stood 64 inches tall, weighed 143 pounds and had a brain volume of 1600 milliliters. The average female stood 62 inches tall, weighed 110 pounds and had a brain volume of ...
6
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3answers
529 views

Would a 200-Pound Dwarf Still Need Facial and Body Hair?

How does a Neandertal compare with an anatomically modern human? This diagram below is a simplification of the real answer: The average Neandertal male stood 64 inches tall, weighed 143 pounds and ...
2
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4answers
106 views

How do hardy flowering plants that thrive in low 'g' and thin atmosphere disseminate their seeds?

Imagine a type of flowering plant capable of growing on terrestrial planet with surface gravity a tenth of Earth and it has a thin atmosphere with composition similar to Earth's but as thick as ...
3
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1answer
46 views

Megamangrove Roots--Which Kind of Aerial Roots Would Best Support Their Large Size?

In an alternate Earth, early or midway in the Eocene Epoch, there debuted a family of angiosperm trees whose roots need to be completely submerged. As a result, the limit is that they can't germinate ...
4
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1answer
87 views

Could Sharks Survive a Longer PETM?

First things first, a little backstory: Sometime between the Paleocene and Eocene epochs, there was a mysterious, sudden, dramatic rise in global temperature. This moment in time was known as the "...
3
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3answers
66 views

Would a Longer PETM Save the Creodonts and the Mesonychians?

Some 55.8 million years ago, Earth underwent a really dramatic heat wave known as the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum, or PETM. What happened, exactly? We don't know how it happened, but we do know ...
4
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2answers
84 views

The Serina Series: Episode I: Cats

"Serina" is a popular speculative evolution project in which, apart from a long list of fish, invertebrates and plants, the only terrestrial chordate to colonize this terraformed moon is the canary. ...
12
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4answers
3k views

What is the minimum and maximum gravity level that nearly all humans can sustain over a 5 year period?

There are several questions related to effects of different gravity levels on the human body, but none adequately answer a fundamental question: What is the maximum and minimum gravity that nearly all ...
5
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2answers
117 views

What Adaptation would Humans in a Volcanic Underworld Develop?

The TBD are a fantasy humanity offshoot that is fully adapted to life a few kilometers beneath the surface, settling in cracked earth near vents and hot spots. Air quality ranges from stale to toxic, ...
8
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1answer
135 views

How CAN a Wyvern be a Scansoriopterygid Dinosaur?

It's become a popular speculative evolution trope for the likeliest candidate of the mythological "wyvern" to be a Cenozoic family--if not superfamily--of scansoriopterygid dinosaur. Now the first ...
6
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3answers
130 views

In an Ice Age Extinction, Which Latitude Would Be Hit Harder--Tropical or Temperate?

Back home, five million years ago, the warm, wet climate of the Miocene sloped downwards into the cooler, drier Pliocene before descending even further into the more so Pleistocene. The slope was so ...
3
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1answer
154 views

How Would the Multituberculates Survive Longer Than in Our Timeline?

In exploring likely candidates for an alternate Earth without rodents, someone suggested multituberculates to me. Here's a little summary as to who the multituberculates were for anyone not in the ...
10
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3answers
2k views

Could Cats Add Lots of Plants to Their Diet?

Because nature is never straightforward, there are different levels of carnivores. On the lowest rung of the ladder are the hypocarnivores, in which meat can't take any more than 30% of their caloric ...
6
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1answer
248 views

Could Bear-Dogs Look and Act Like Actual Bears?

Back home, Amphicyonidae (bear-dogs) predated Ursidae by only four million years. While the latter still lives in the form of eight species, the former had been extinct for two-and-a-half million ...
2
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2answers
131 views

Bryophitic Plants in an Underwater Forest

By "bryophitic", I mean "non-vascular land plants", being the liverworts and the mosses. (Hornworts are comparative latecomers, so we won't be talking about them.) Without vascular tissues, these ...
-1
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3answers
131 views

Pinniped Creodonts

Here is all you need to know about the creodonts: They were a group of carnivorous mammals that, despite having carnassials, had no relation to Carnivora. They were a global force, occupying ...
2
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0answers
58 views

The Marine Jungle of More Than Just Angiosperms [closed]

Recently, I asked whether or not the other plant groups besides the angiosperms could evolve to adapt to being submerged under salty ocean water 24/7. While marine conifers, ginkgoes, cycads, ferns, ...
6
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4answers
1k views

What adaptations would be advantageous given a regular, but extreme variation in climate?

In a fantasy world I am constructing, a planet goes through regular, but extreme temperature cycling. Roughly every 500 years, the planet begins to heat or cool, dependent on its current temperature. ...
7
votes
1answer
79 views

Could a Greater Number and Diversity of Marine Plant Species be Possible?

As landlubbers, we often let ourselves think that if salty seawater is undrinkable for us, it could be even worse for plants. However, certain types of angiosperms have found ways to not only thrive ...
6
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2answers
282 views

Will the Dinosaur Empire Still Stand Strong If Chicxulub Hit Earth at the End of the Jurassic?

66 million years ago, the dinosaur empire was in its death throes when its final nail in the coffin came hurtling down from the sky. A clump of rock the size of Mount Everest smashed into the Gulf of ...
2
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1answer
144 views

How Can Plants and Insects Cope With Living on a Terraformed Mars?

If we humans are serious about terraforming our famous neighbor, Mars, then the terraforming process would take thousands of years before it becomes habitable enough for humans to live in. But that ...
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2answers
125 views

Extreme Adaptation

I'm writing a novel, and it has a lot to do with genetic experimentation. One of my characters has the ability of Reactive Evolution. But I have no idea how to scientifically explain that. How is ...
4
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1answer
245 views

Terraforming the Nine Earths, Episode I: Could Cyanobacteria Thrive in Muspellheim?

Long ago, I asked a question on how to make the Nine Realms of Norse mythology--Niflheim, Muspelheim, Asgard, Midgard, Jotunheim, Vanaheim, Alfhiem, Svartalfheim and Helheim--a reality in regards to ...
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2answers
92 views

How would a race develop specific adaptations in an area with hard, rocky soil and sturdy trees? [closed]

In my world, one of the races is from a part of a continent with dense, rocky soil and large, hardwood trees. Their whole culture is structured around establishing sturdy foundations and permanence ...
4
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8answers
277 views

How would organisms adapt to survive darkness beasts? [expansion to my old question]

[This is an expanded/refined version of my old question: How would animals adapt to darkness-made beasts? ] Premise: 'Beasts'/Seraphins are other-worldly intangible beings (you can't touch them, but ...
10
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3answers
635 views

What adaptations would allow standard fantasy dwarves to survive in the desert?

Recently I was talking with a friend of mine on fantasy stuffens. I brought up that its interesting that dwarves are rarely in the desert and he immediately listed reasons why the dwarf build is bad ...
8
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3answers
349 views

How might a deepwater mermaid react to sunlight and heat?

One of my mermaids is on land in the daytime, and I'm just wondering what the sudden existence of sunlight and Florida heat might feel like for her, since she's from the mesopelagic zone and is ...
1
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5answers
154 views

What Plants To Grow In Space? [duplicate]

Plants are quite useful to the intrepid space colonist, in addition to providing food, plants also help reduce life support burden and psychological stress by adding a splash of green to all those ...
0
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2answers
123 views

What does the physiology and biochemistry of a vacuum adapted post-human look like? Part 5: Senses

I am a post-human adapted for permanent life in vacuum and micro-gravity. How might my physiology and biochemistry overcome the following challenges? Please note I have a strong cultural aversion to ...
7
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2answers
278 views

What does the physiology and biochemistry of a vacuum adapted post-human look like? Part 4: Movement

I am a post-human adapted for permanent life in vacuum and micro-gravity. How might my physiology and biochemistry overcome the following challenges? Please note I have a strong cultural aversion to ...
8
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2answers
458 views

What does the physiology and biochemistry of a vacuum adapted post-human look like? Part 3: Metabolism

I am a post-human adapted for permanent life in vacuum and micro-gravity. How might my physiology and biochemistry overcome the following challenges? Please note I have a strong cultural aversion to ...
5
votes
4answers
318 views

What does the physiology and biochemistry of a vacuum adapted post-human look like? Part 2: Temperature control

I am a post-human adapted for permanent life in vacuum and micro-gravity. How might my physiology and biochemistry overcome the following challenges? Please note I have a strong cultural aversion to ...
9
votes
7answers
2k views

How would animals adapt to darkness-made beasts?

Premise: In a world similar ours, whose culture is like our medieval era, there is one key difference. There is a "Darkness" (at night or in very dark places) which forms into "beasts" through some ...
1
vote
3answers
222 views

A Temperate Deciduous Monster--Too Big?

What is a flower or shrub back home is a tree in an alternate Earth, and vice versa. That is something worth exploring. For example, Taraxacum officinale can grow from stems typically up to 5-40 ...
10
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4answers
235 views

How long would it take for an array of introduced alien fauna to form functional ecosystems on a near-future “Dead Earth”?

Imagine that, in the near future, pollution, overpopulation and war leads to a massive extinction where almost all chordates, some invertebrates and many plants are wiped out. Small, resilient plants, ...
13
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10answers
1k views

Neutral, science-based Undead

I'm looking for one or more biological processes that could be bolstered, changed, or introduced to a human to create a severely extended lifespan, ideally requiring death first, in order to best ...
3
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4answers
317 views

What adaptations would an alien have to chew food in a humanoid manner without a tongue?

On Earth, most animals have tongues, albeit in many forms. This is due to the evolution from a common ancestor. Tongues are not necessary for communication, be it auditory or otherwise. However, they ...
3
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3answers
223 views

Implications of Exporting Animals to Different Planets [closed]

I have recently read about exporting animals to different planets (Asimov's Foundation's Edge for example), and I wonder what impact that would have on the animals, both physically and psychologically....
1
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0answers
110 views

How would a highly mutagenic (or shape-shifting) species have to adapt physiologically to achieve space travel? [closed]

An idea I like to write about a lot is aliens that are dependant on their own biological evolution over technology. I was wondering what kind of adaptations a species that could rewrite their own ...
1
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2answers
266 views

How do people sustain themselves in a siberia-like environment? [closed]

The climate is very similar to siberia, there are boreal forests, steppes and tundra in the north. The winters are rough but there is a short growing season, fishing is possible. I am mostly ...
4
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2answers
123 views

World with core of fluctuating mass, phenotypic differentiation during gestation?

I'm creating a fantasy planet with an interior that has a god phasing in and out of our dimension, adding to and taking away mass in mysterious fashion while keeping everything but the influence of ...
7
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3answers
207 views

Plant and Animal Life in a Taller Tibet--Possible or Not?

Back home, the Tibetan Plateau averages 4,950 meters above sea level with its highest point being Mount Everest, 8,848 meters--29,029 feet--above sea level. At such heights, problems are resulted as ...
1
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3answers
140 views

How will US government and other institutions react if all public leaders are compromised? [closed]

Suppose an anonymous organisation has the ability to take control of the minds of any people they chose, as long as they are able to identify who it is they want to control. The method they use to do ...
1
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1answer
321 views

Gorilla + Orangutan = The Best of Both Worlds

In the great apes, there are two worlds--ground and treetop. Representing the ground is the largest primate on Earth, the genus Gorilla. Representing the treetops is genus Pongo, the orangutan. ...
23
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10answers
6k views

Other than magic, how can a cold-blooded race survive in an arctic climate?

I have a race of lizard people who live in an arctic climate (tundra/taiga). I just realized that this might be a problem, assuming they're cold-blooded, and I refuse to change the fact that they're ...
1
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4answers
171 views

Properties of fictional material for artificial skin

How would one go about giving a scientific explanation for artificial skin gradually adapting to certain environments? For example, suppose character C has the ability to adapt to changes in ...
1
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2answers
108 views

Is playing electronic music on a custom set of instruments a feasible way of live performance for a culture?

I love electronic music in various subgenres, and I really often wish I could see the tracks performing on instruments in a way that makes it much more theatrical and visually appealing. Of course, ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

What changes would the body have to make in order for it to survive at high altitude?

One of the tribes in my world exists among the mountains of which the tallest is almost 16,000m. A major city for the tribe exists on the mountain at around 8000m. Therefore, what internal - or ...