I am trying to build a hard science-fiction world where the interstellar travel might work like this:
Travellers bodies are scanned and all relevant information regarding body structure, neural connections, chemical concentrations, etc. is stored. The body of traveller is then destroyed.
The information from previous step is modulated on a EM wave and beamed towards another star.
After some time, the beam is received on the destination. The organic body is rebuilt from the demodulated information and the traveller steps out.
To make sure that this is the right fit for the story, I tried working out the equations of special relativity (Disclaimer: I am not a physicist). However, since the value of
1-(v²/c²) becomes zero at
v=c, I can't quite figure out what relativistic effects like time dilation will happen to the people when they are being communicated this way. And since it's a static copy of the traveller being sent and not a working simulation (meaning they won't be experiencing time or anything else), will relativistic effects even matter?
Can someone please help me in working the mathematics or give me a few pointers on how to figure this out?