Note: I'm new to this site, and I'm aware that the rules say it's better to ask questions that can answered, not just discussed, so if it is better I could phrase my question this way instead: "Are there any books or references you can point me to where someone has already analyzed the question of what knowledge or occupation today would be most useful if time-travelling back to the Middle Ages?"
The question I'd like to know is, suppose someone today was transplanted into the Middle Ages (say on a one-way time travel trip). The average person today has a higher level education, and a lot more knowledge of the world, but a lot of it may not be very useful if you were on your own, in the past.
For example - you may be a doctor, and know far more about the human body, but without all your modern drugs and technologies, you may not be able to do much in practice. Any occupation that involved computers or modern equipment would be pretty useless. A farmer may know how to grow high yields of certain crops, but may not know much more than the locals about how to grow the crops they planted in those days, and probably less. A person today would have a superior knowledge of geography to anybody back then, but would they be believed if they announced they knew where all the lands of the Earth lie, even the ones unexplored back then? Would music be a left-field choice? A person today would have lots of popular, catchy tunes in their head. Could they parley that into becoming a famous musician, or would the music styles be too different?
So basically, if you were dropped into the Middle Ages, which modern knowledge, or what modern occupation would give you the best chance of surviving, thriving or even becoming famous? A lot of our vaunted modern knowledge and modern occupations also need modern tools to actually make it work, so it would be useless back then. And a lot of the information we know today would actually not be relevant or useful to the Middle Ages period. People are so specialized in their skills today, and many have lost the art of working with your hands, that in some ways they would actually be at a significant disadvantage compared to people in the Middle Ages.
I hope this has been clear enough. So this is the question I want answered, is there anywhere that question has already been explored?
Note: Leave aside the question of language - assume the country you went to had an old fashioned version of your language, and so you could just barely make yourself understood at first (possibly claiming as an excuse you were from somewhere distant where they spoke a different version of the language), and that you made an effort to learn their way of speaking, as quickly as possible so language wasn't a barrier.