# How would life be on Earth if the Sun was replaced a binary star system? [closed]

Assuming an identical Solar system except for the strange sun(s) and that

• the binary star system's barycentre coincides with the Sun's centre of mass
• mass of the combined star system is equal to the mass of the Sun
• the stars are identical with a radius 2-1/3 times that of the Sun (assuming density same as the sun: is this possible, given the other constraints?)
• combined surface luminosity when the stars are equidistant from the earth (as felt from the earth) is equal to the surface luminosity of the Sun
• rotational period of the binary star system is of the order of a few days, say a week

how would things like day and night, seasons, eclipses etc. change?

I hope the orbit of the binary star system being coplanar with the planets would be enough for stability. Please correct me if I'm wrong.

There is a similar question on WBSE, but with different premises. I can't seem to find my answer there anyway.

EDIT: I did the calculations for relations between sequence star size, mass, temperature and luminosity and it turns out that selecting any one parameter fixes the rest as well. So such a system cannot be identical to the solar system and even if it was in terms of geometry, the suns would be too cold to allow any life on Earth.

• There are so many variables which you have left unspecified that the only possible answer is that all the things you mentioned would change in accordance with the new conditions. Please edit your question and specify the masses of the stars, their radii, the distance between them, their surface luminosities, and the size, rotation speed and orbital radius of the planet in question; if necessary, also a description of its orbit. A hint as to why the system is stable would also be appreciated. Oct 7, 2017 at 12:23
• This refernce might be of some interest arxiv.org/abs/0705.3444 Oct 7, 2017 at 22:00
• Such a system is not possible. Two stars with a combined mass equal to the sun, such that each is half as massive as the sun, cannot have a combined luminosity equal to the sun. A star half the mass of the sun will have a luminosity a bit less than 9% that of the sun, so two such stars will have a combined luminosity of less than 1/5th that of the sun. If everything else about the system remains the same, the Earth will simply freeze. Oct 8, 2017 at 2:09

At maximum separation, the stars will be about 20 million km from each other; if the line that joins them at that time is precisely perpendicular to the line that joins Earth and the stars' barycenter, then they'll appear in Earth's sky about 7.6° apart, or about 14 times the average apparent diameter of the Moon. If this happens at sunrise, the second star will rise about half an hour after the first one (that's ${7.6 \over 360} \times 24$ hours), and likewise at sunset.