I wonder if a political system without a permanent government is feasible. I am thinking about a combination of a direct democracy with a project-based administration.
The citizens are long-lived (200-250 years) but not immortal. The society is isolated, technologically advanced (although, does not have FTL), and relatively homogeneous culturally. This world enjoys post-scarcity economy with no currency:
- no taxes;
- no competing economic interests;
- no private property;
- high levels of automatisation and robotisation;
- all technologies are environment-friendly as much as possible;
- the society emphasises recycling and use of bio-degradable materials.
This society started as a small space colony on a bare rock in the middle of nowhere. Ships and domes are used as habitats while the planet is being terraformed. Once it is possible to live on the surface without life-support systems, all citizens will have a choice of accommodation: open-air planetary life, a spaceship/space station, or domed habitat on one of the moons/asteroids/nearby planets.
- Direct legislation via referendum using three steps:
- initiative (citizens consult with interested groups, propose a law, and collect required number of signatures within a limited period of time);
- deliberation (a discussion about a proposed law by random representative sample of population);
- direct electronic referendum.
- Referenda can be mandatory (constitutional matters, big scale projects, resource allocation, and alike) and optional (special interests, smaller projects, etc.).
- Mandatory referenda require a double majority for a law to pass.
- All laws must have a sunset clause.
- Voting is a duty of every adult citizen.
- Enforced compulsory voting for mandatory referenda, non-enforced compulsory voting for optional.
- There is no central government or political authority.
- An advanced AI (not necessarily sentient or super-intelligent) acts as a replacement for bureaucracy when it comes to referenda, enforcing voting laws, and allocation of resources (as specified by law). The AI is neutral, but the survival of humanity is one of its main priorities (either by will or design).
- The AI can participate in legislation using the same process as citizens (and it has 1 vote, which cannot break a tie).
- The administration is project-based:
- when something needs to be done the citizens organise a committee to supervise the project;
- any of the project leaders can be recalled at any time either by 3/4 of the team or through global referendum (depends on the scale of a project);
- long-term projects cannot be supervised by the same person for longer than 10 years regardless of their qualifications;
- former supervisors can be retained as consultants, but the responsibility for decisions rests with a current supervisor.
- Project supervision is a duty. Every adult citizen must participate in administration at least 5 years (not necessarily 5 years in a row). The maximum cumulative time in administrative roles must not exceed 15 years.
- There is no police or any other law enforcing agency.
- When needed, citizens can create form a militia.
- Misconduct and crimes are dealt with on a case by case basis.
- The society prefers rehabilitation to punishment.
- Repeated offenders can be banished:
- Banishment is not permanent if a person can prove that they are ready to reintegrate into the society.
- Banished individuals get minimal resources necessary for survival in the wilderness.
- The citizens have a right to kill banished individuals who continue criminal behaviour or endanger community and its members. Killing, in this case, is seen as the last resort and not encouraged, but not frowned upon. It is understood as a sad and unpleasant necessity to protect the society.
- The AI is responsible for administrative enforcement such as issuing reminders and notifications or limiting access to certain areas and/or resources.