A world that looks like ours up to the renaissance period, did not create the industrial revolution as we know it. First of all, the inhabitants of this world did not adopt consumerism and chose a simple way of life. They did engage in healthy scientific and technological researches. They embraced agriculture, medicine, and eco-friendly architecture. Public transport is more prominent. They travel by cars much less often than us and their cities are designed accordingly. Their advanced agriculture attepts to minimize impact on the environment.
My assumption is they either never had fossil fuel, or chose not to use it at some time in the past. They harness renewable energy. Still, more labor and beasts of burden are needed to make-up for that. The result is sufficient cheap labor. Given their advanced technology, students often occupy those jobs in order to pay their tuition fees. Their studies will reward them with better-paying jobs in the future.
High-energy input is reserved to heavy industry (which is still needed). Much of its fuel is hydrogen from water and solar electrcity, natural gas from sewage treatent and biofuel from sugar cane and agricutural waste products. Even rocket fuel is provided for launching satellites and more. Travel by solar-powered airships is common over short distances.
Their way of life resembles that of a society which attepts to gain technological advances with limited resources and succeeds in doing so. A good example in our world is the Cuban model: The US embargo did not prevent Cuba from developing organic farming, its education system, and advances in medicine.