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If humans were to find a goldilocks planet with all of the conditions just right, what would be the best place to start a new colony? I figure access to abundant freshwater/aquifers, mild seasons, low relief to make agriculture easier, little to no seismic activity, and low incidences of dangerous weather (tornadoes, etc.) would make for a good spot.

Am I missing anything? Are there any places on Earth that would model this type of location or at least be very close to it?

Thanks.

Edit The population is advanced enough to build a spaceship that can travel to another planet and settle it, whatever that is worth. There are natural predators to contend with, and that's an important item for the people to face. Essentially they are going to this planet with extensive knowledge of its geography and such and with the knowledge that there is life, but they don't really know any specifics on the life.

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closed as primarily opinion-based by sphennings, Azuaron, Josh King, L.Dutch, Hohmannfan Jul 18 '17 at 6:47

Many good questions generate some degree of opinion based on expert experience, but answers to this question will tend to be almost entirely based on opinions, rather than facts, references, or specific expertise. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • $\begingroup$ how technologically advance are these humans? $\endgroup$ – A. C. A. C. Jul 17 '17 at 15:29
  • $\begingroup$ Might be worth looking up the Hierarchy of Needs and starting from the bottom of the pyramid. One of the first things you have to differentiate between is "What do people need" vs "What do people want"? $\endgroup$ – DisturbedNeo Jul 17 '17 at 16:13
  • $\begingroup$ Do your people have to contend with native species, or the planet is sterile? $\endgroup$ – Alexander Jul 17 '17 at 16:29
  • $\begingroup$ Your description matches many places on Earth: Tidewater region of the Chesapeake Bay, Nile Delta, Fertile Crescent, many parts of Eastern China, etc. -- really, most river valleys, especially near the mouth. Mild yearly flooding that you can set your calendar by is extremely helpful. $\endgroup$ – dmm Jul 17 '17 at 17:28
  • $\begingroup$ @dmm: Trouble is, most of the places you mention seem to be pretty nasty places to actually live - though granted that's often because humans have spent thousands of years screwing them up. I'd suggest someplace like New Zealand's South Island, the northeastern US, or central France. $\endgroup$ – jamesqf Jul 17 '17 at 17:52
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You should have some natural source of green power: Solar (i.e. not too overcast all the time), wind (like a steady offshore wind), geothermal, wave, fast river or waterfall. You also need to specify if there are predators to avoid: If so, flatland may not be the best place to be, mountains or hills can provide a natural high ground that is more defensible. Also, flat land can be much more prone to flooding, it isn't always the best place; and I should presume those coming from another planet can shape higher ground to their liking for the purpose of agriculture or ranching.

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