There would be psychological consequences...
1) It depends how good the AI is. A low quality one would presumably fail taking care of emotional wellbeing, so the kids would have problems of kids raised in orphanage. (which don't make them psychopats, but is traumatic)
(presumably - I could actually imagine not so smart AI, that cuddles and interact with kid a lot, and thanks to some quite good scripts actually is quite effective)
2) Whatever the kids see, would be "normal" for them. A kid raised by a nice AI may actually don't have any trauma. But there is an issue... where do babies come from? From artificial wombs. What's the natural societal cell? Baby production batch. Who is on the top society? Dispersed Conflict Resolution Algorithm. The kid would absolutely reasonably adjust to such standards and become an effective worker, who reinforces such system because its right. Who would I become when I grow up? According to the human capital allocation algorithm for 23% nuclear engineer...
3) What kids are being educated? Hard sciences? (seems reasonable) Would it mean sacrificing some literature or art? Ascetics of such people can be interesting... mixture of pop culture, XKCD comic and sleeping quarters decorated with fractals.
4) To what extend their genes are typical for human beings? Are they selected to be especially inteligent and healthy? Or maybe psychological endurance? Or maybe one or purpose picks kids with mild symptoms of Asperger, so they would barely mind reduced amount of social interactions?
5) The funny thing may be next generation, who may try to correct some of errors from their child raising... But they may treat different things as errors and consider them as feature... (yes, reinforcing some weird stuff)