If left "in a field", a car will likely be buried under a soil sediment with 100 years. By that time, it will be rusted through, but still very recognizable as a car. After being buried, its decomposition will slow. In 1000 years, most metals, plastics and rubber will be gone, but glass is still going to be mostly unaffected. If excavated at that time, it would be more like car-shaped imprint in the ground. For glass to decompose completely, it could take as long as a million years.
But maybe you don't want your car to get buried. What if we stipulate that the car must remain in the open? In that case, answer is very much dependent on the activity of the elements around it. In a wet stormy place like Carribbean, I presume the car would be broken apart and washed away within a couple of decades. In a dry desert cave, on the other hand, a car can last for thousands years.
New cars use more plastic parts and are better weather sealed than old cars. That would make most difference in the first decades of decomposition.