I'm trying to figure out what weather patterns and geographical conditions would exist on a habitable moon that is tidally locked to a much larger planet/gas giant. From my research, I was able to gather that:
The side that faces the planet would always be night, and would have extreme freezing conditions
The side that faces the sun would always be day, and would have extreme hot/dry conditions
The area between the two extremes would be stuck in twilight, and would have more moderate conditions
However, I'm interested in having less extremes, potentially habitable conditions if possible. In order for that to occur, I found that:
The moon would need to have oceans and an atmosphere
The moon would need a close orbit to its host planet
There would need to be strong winds to transfer heat to the colder side
That all being said, I'm wondering what would the weather conditions be like on either side and in the twilight belt? Would the sun-facing side have a lot of rain? Would extreme weather such as tornadoes, hurricanes, etc occur more frequently in the twilight belt? Are there any factors I may have overlooked or misinterpreted?
Regarding geographical conditions, I'm wondering kind of environment (in terms of physical features, not life) each biome would produce. Is it possible that only the poles would have extreme conditions, and the rest of each hemisphere would be more livable?
My apologies in advance if this question is a little broad, I tried to narrow my question down as much as possible.