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I am currently writing a novel with a medieval Western European setting. One of the protagonists was a general some years ago, but he retired from a life of war after moving to another nation and starting a family. He has since become a castellan for the ruler of the nation, but this role is more of an honorary position and a gift of sorts from the ruler, both as a sign of friendship and as a recognition of his past achievements.

To offer some background, the general was the son of another general. The general's father left his homeland and his impoverished family at the age of 18 to find employment for himself and a brighter future for his parents, sister, and nephew. He had no education nor any particular skills, and so he enlisted in the army.

Here, he prospered. Despite his lack of experience, he quickly became the most accomplished soldier the army had ever seen. He was not the best with the blade, nor had he the strongest arm, but from the day he first set foot on the battlefield, his will was stronger than the armour any steel could forge, and his courage and determination as stalwart as the eternal mountains of his new home. Soon his skills and his brawn developed to rival even the hardiest veterans of both his allies and his opponents, but it was his undying morale and unending physical and mental endurance that carved his name a place in history.

The years waned, and no man could hope to kill him, no army could hope to defeat him. And none did. His life was lost to sickness mere days after his 40th birthday. However, there was someone to replace him: his son. The old general had trained his son brutally since the day the kid was able to lift a sword. The general's son was also naturally gifted with the talent and strength his father worked hard to earn. The father's expectations for his son were impossibly high, pushing the kid farther than what even the old general himself was capable of at the same age. Yet the general's son did not disappoint. When the old general died, his son was only a couple of years older than what the general had been when he left his homeland. Yet the young man surpassed even the legend his father had created.

However, after only a couple of years serving in his father's position, the royal family died in a coup. The war was lost. The new general moved to a politically neutral nation to escape the possibility of persecution and started a new life, devoid of taking lives and watching friends die. He married and had kids, and though he kept in shape, he had no need of maintaining his strength and skills; in fact, his new role of castellan was a rather placid one.

The book opens with his family's death and a return to a life of killing and war. My question is this: What effect would a 15-year absence from war and sword fighting have on the skills of a man who was once the best swordsman in the realm, and to some extent, the best in recent history?

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    $\begingroup$ Have you read the David Gemmel book Legend? This is a central theme... $\endgroup$ – Tim B Mar 11 '17 at 22:46
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    $\begingroup$ Asking about the loss of skills us most likely on topic. The best way to portray the lack would probably do best on writers stack exchange $\endgroup$ – Tim B Mar 11 '17 at 22:58
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    $\begingroup$ About the portraying of a character Writers.SE might be a good place to visit. $\endgroup$ – Sec SE - clear Monica's name Mar 11 '17 at 22:58
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    $\begingroup$ Writing comes to mind, but I'm not familiar enough with the culture there to know if that's a good subject there or it will get shot down with “you decide; you write it”. $\endgroup$ – JDługosz Mar 11 '17 at 23:07
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    $\begingroup$ I was going to close this as too broad. However, if the question was edited to refer specifically to the skills of said swordsman, I think it would be an excellent question and well within scope. So I edited the question to say so. Please roll it back if you do not think that is appropriate, but be warned that if you do, I think a general 'what will be the effect' question is too broad to get good answers. $\endgroup$ – kingledion Mar 12 '17 at 0:50
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Combat is an endurance based activity. He'll likely retain plenty of muscle memory but without the endurance and strength to keep up he would simply tire and get killed by a more fit opponent.

edit: Some more depth. I must admit this is mostly based on personal experience. I've done marial arts in my youth. The moves are there but I lack the endurance needed for a fight. Other examples would be riding a bike, swimmin, running or tying your shoes. One can go years without doing those and 'relearn' them in minutes.

There would obviously be a decrease in skill, especially at first. From all of this I extrapolate it seems he would relearn his guards and attacks almost immediately.

A much bigger obstacle would be endurance. Fighting is moving, attacking, feignting. The OP describes the character of a placid lifestyle on top of aging 15 years. With him passing his 35th birthday most likely he would have passed his prime. So even regardless of skill retention he would simply die because he would be to tired and slow. Now if the character had a physical job that at least gave him endurance it would be different.

If you want scientific studies on it the Wikipedia article on muscle memory has plenty of sources. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muscle_memory

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    $\begingroup$ Excellent answer, welcome to Worldbuilding :) I've cleaned up the obsolete comments since you've acted on the feedback. $\endgroup$ – Tim B Mar 13 '17 at 13:08
  • $\begingroup$ Just as a practical matter, I've found that (as long as you stay in shape) speed may decline with age, but endurance actually increases. $\endgroup$ – jamesqf Mar 13 '17 at 17:43

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