Let's say oil had never been used as an energy source, and while it could still be a resource for other things, let's say it's not as important or valuable as it is today.
And let's imagine somehow that since the industrial revolution we never transitioned to it and instead used solar and wind as our main energy sources.
Which nations would be the world's super powers in the 20th and 21st century?
Since there would be no "oil princes" or "oil magnates", which countries would be the ones with the rich and lavish lifestyles?
And who would be the new world's super powers after nuclear energy was discovered?
EDIT More details to narrow it down: basically what I'm trying to figure out is that if we had never depended on oil for energy, what would cause certain countries to be more powerful and richer than others and, eventually, rise enough to become superpowers?
If we had gone through the whole "renewable energy" route as soon as it became available, and therefore energy not being an issue to get, what would be the resource that countries fight for? Would it still be land? Would it be fighting for waterfalls and places where more energy can be produced?