So, I created a fictional military organisation called the United Nations Extraterrestrial Response Unit (UNERU) as part of a planned trilogy of novels meant to take on a realistic XCOM, and on top of that, I realised: by the time the organisation is formed, 1975 Earth has been aware of the existence of the ETs since February of 1975 since they were detected as "Near Relativistic Anomalies" or NRAs for short, in the Inner Oort Cloud. My big question is: how would Earth's governments at the time react, especially with this background situation:
So, it is 1975 (this is the obvious part) and Earth is under attack by the Gdarje, a species that originated from a fictional moon of the real life HD 37124 c. The Gdarje (as far as they know), are the first interstellar society in the Milky Way, and have a small civilisation spanning 106.75 light years in diameter. However, this civilisation prior to WWI on Earth was divided into multiple nation-states, and station states before the Grand Hegemony of Fanghdar unified them politically (though they are still culturally split even after that period) and this lasted until the Cuban Revolution back on Earth. However, in 1961, three years into a civil war within the Hegemony, humanity makes the first recorded contact with extraterrestrial intelligence, initially under the belief that it was a Soviet experimental aircraft, starting after an air skirmish between Guatemalan P-51 Mustangs (all annihilated in the skirmish) and American F-4 Phantoms and the subsequent firefight that resulted in the recovery of the extraterrestrial spacecraft and subsequent cover-up of most of the evidence (except for some essentials such as a coilgun + power source, and some computer systems). This was the Flores Incident, and things changed for humanity. Shortly after the incident, the UN established the United Nations Extraterrestrial Investigation Committee (or UNETIC for short). The Bay of Pigs invasion was an even bigger failure, with Guantanamo Bay being lost to the Americans, and two years later, Kennedy had survived assassination. The American Civil Rights Movement became more violent as the Selma March devolved into the Selma Massacre, while American troops only deploy 150,000 to Vietnam; 309,000 men less than in our timeline, and Yugoslavia quickly fell into a brutal civil war between a Soviet-installed government, pro-Tito rebels and various independence movements for Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo. The Black Panther Party splintered into two: the moderates in the Black Panther Party and the more extremist Black Nationalist Front had emerged, and violent clashes with the KKK only grew fiercer. Vice President Agnew was caught in a scandal at Watergate, though Nixon in this timeline was never caught. Instead, he continues to be president as of 1975.
While all that occurred back on Earth, one of the survivors from the initial air skirmish prior to his demise was able to send an emergency transmission to the nearest colony on what we know in our timeline as Proxima b, and from there, a small group of religious extremists called the Army of the Chosen (basically, a sort of space Daesh) was able to receive the transmission, though by then, they already had plans to send a force to our Solar System. In 1967, the officially left on an 8 year trip to Earth, with Valkyrie-style antimatter engines as first stage, and the main spacecraft being a second stage.
Humanity first identified these spacecraft in the Inner Oort Cloud as what was initially term as "Near-Relativistic Anomalies" or NRAs for short on the 12th of February of 1975. After days of analysis, SETI finally confirmed that we were not alone in the Universe. They went public with their discovery (though the Flores Incident was still kept on a tight leash until mid-1976, by which the invasion had already been beginning to escalate), and after three months, UFO activity skyrockets, which leads to the signing of the Extraterrestrial Response Treaty on the 30th of June of 1975 and finally, UNERU (the United Nations Extraterrestrial Respnse Unit) is born. The day after that, the organisation is activated and thus the Gdarje War begins.
This is the part where I am going to ask: how do the governments in 1975 react to first contact prior to Earth's declaration of war four months later? I will deal with this as a series on the individual aspects of society reacting the extraterrestrial contact at the time. So, here is Part I.
More specifically: how do they handle the ETs themselves as they approach closer into our Solar System? How do they make sure the public does not enter into a panic? How would they prepare in the event that they turn out to be hostile (which they do four months later)?