Massive, technological advantages. Also many people and/or animals like horses. I had to take some educated guesses as to what they have available. The basic idea here is ancient Egyptians built great pyramids with primitive tech like wheels,pulleys,levers, and fulcrums so these people should be also to handle heavy items one way or another.
- Heavy carts and wagons can be pull with animals if you have the right kind.
- Series of pulleys will allow them to lift and move things they can't.
- Levers and fulcrums, and etc.
They will need to move, and place great walls around their kingdom so they can't be easily over run. While the wall is being built 10's of thousand of your guys will be killed during its construction, because it wasn't built in advance.
The wall will need to have 1000's of bow and arrow barrage firing mechanisms that can be loaded and pull back with pulleys and levers(block and tackle) or whatever. Several adults may still be needed to pull back on the bow and arrows(fire if possible) and/or crossbows. A way to quickly reload the arrows, either teams of 20 or more people or some kind of automation.
Your going to need tons of automation to produce the require arrows made out of wood or steel. Catapults and the like. Through a series of primitive conveyor belts they will have to keep the arrow coming. They will need to be able to carry and move things the people are not capable of carrying or moving. Powered by horses/people/animals on treed mill like devices.
You will need wheels and strong axles so you can make heavy tanks that can be pulled with teams of horse, people or etc. Of course, the protection surrounding the people/horse would add a lot of weight but its only way you would survive.
Possibly, dozens of gerbil wheels with people running inside of them to help provide movement.
Again, once cannons were in place, pulleys/levers/etc would have to be used so they could load, and aim them. You probably need 1-2 loading,1-2 aiming, and probably 1 could fire. So teams of 5.
Build on a hill so you can flood it with water, making moving through the mud harder. Can you make some quick sand traps?
If cold is available make it so icy they can't climb it.
Traps of all kinds.
Primitive flame throwers.
It would be best if they could build primitive combustion engines with gunpowder, but probably unlikely.
If they could make white phosphorus weapons, certainly a boon.
Equipment with spinning blades,knives,arrows, or anything sharp.
Poison and plague delivery like poison arrows and animals infected with the black death or whatever flung at them. Again levers,pulleys,fulcrum will be need so these weak people can load them.