I write Fantasy novels, and I always have the same problem: Whenever I want to create a map or outline of any village/city/farm/what have you, I don't know what goes in it. Nowhere can I find a definitive source for 'this is what every village needs for __ time period.' All I'm looking for is the basics - the buildings that every settlement has to have on some level (additional details would, of course, be nice).
I can figure out a lot of the buildings. Humans need three basic things: food, shelter, and clothing. But the more advanced I make the humans, the more things they require, and I can never tell if my city contains them all.
Is there somewhere I can find this information? (physical or virtual)
EDIT: Something else that would work would be a formula which would allow me to determine what buildings my settlement requires based off of what they need. I would imagine a simple map would be easier though.
For example, in my current work, I have a group of humans from around 1300. They are living in the vicinity of New Zealand. I say the vicinity, because this is a fantasy novel and there is, in fact, no such place as New Zealand. They do not have access to metal, and wouldn't know what to do with it if they did. There are approximately 1000 of them living in one village.
I don't know what their village would contain. The first thing I would do is try to find a blueprint for a Native American village, as I would imagine the buildings needed would be fairly similar. Apparently, no such document exists. I've done extensive searches, and I've found nothing.
How can I find the information that I need?