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I've researched into lasers, plasma weapons, sonic weapons, basically everything I can think of, and I can't find any kind of energy weapon viable as a hand-held or even vehicle mounted weapon. Lasers can be easily reflected, they have to be held on-target to inflict damage, they can be nullified by something as simple as a dust cloud or a mirror, and their power-output ratio is ridiculous for a mounted or hand-held weapon. Plasma have very similar problems, but mainly power. I don't want my soldiers each carrying a nuclear powerplant on their backs. Is there, even a theoretical energy that can be fired as a beam or projectile and preferably not have to be held on-target for more than a few seconds?

If there really is no alternative without unobtanium then I'd accept something that can fire a projectile at railgun or better speeds, if that means a power-efficient railgun then that's fine.

Edit: This is pretty far beyond our tech, while I'd like to keep the theoretical as human these weapons will be landing in alien hands.

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    $\begingroup$ How much "future" are you willing to accept? Because with today tech there is none. It's only abut power. Laser or maser doesn't have to be held on target long if it's strong enough. Same with railgun, I'm afraid. $\endgroup$ – Mołot Nov 10 '16 at 0:00
  • $\begingroup$ ah, I knew I missed something $\endgroup$ – XenoDwarf Nov 10 '16 at 3:01
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    $\begingroup$ The US Navy is already fielding a 100Kw laser in tests, the US Army has several vehicle mounted systems on trucks in advanced prototype stages and the USAF is ready to do tests of pod mounted 100KW lasers on fighter jets and transport aircraft. The USMC is experimenting with a man portable laser weapon (similar in size to a 40mm grenade launcher). So I think your pessimism is unwarranted. $\endgroup$ – Thucydides Nov 10 '16 at 6:10
  • $\begingroup$ Considering I've seen 2kW CO2 lasers cut through plate steel faster than my power saw cuts plywood panels, I'd say 100kW is going to be pretty destructive pretty quickly. $\endgroup$ – Samwise Nov 10 '16 at 22:51
  • $\begingroup$ Well, if you can link such lasers I'd appreciate it greatly, strange that I've never come across anything that efficient before $\endgroup$ – XenoDwarf Nov 10 '16 at 22:53
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Kinetic weapons can always deliver more energy to the target than an energy weapon for the same input energy, and the farther the distance the bigger the divergence. But if you want high power a railgun is going to give you better results than a laser for the same energy output. The energy transfer gets more efficient the larger the particle is, and you just follow that to its logical conclusion, a big nugget of particles delivered all at once, aka a bullet.

If you want super high energy in a portable means think less about batteries and more about single use reactions. Instead of having the capacitor and power supply in the gun, just swap out capacitors like ammunition, and have a single external power supply per team.

You could imagine each team carrying one nuclear battery to recharge/top-up between fights, the actual projectile is barely noticeable weight wise, since you're basically looking a a bullet without a casing. Most of the weapons mass is the insulation to keep the arc from killing the person firing it.

But even with that explosion propelled projectiles are just going to be better against infantry, railguns would be reserved for anti-vehicle. You just don't need all that much energy to kill a person. Now I expect see switching to caseless ammunition for infantry in the future, much less weight for the same killing power. Now you could see better bullets, smart bullets, micro-grenades, or HEIAP as standard ammunition.

But remember this is all dependent on how far in the future you are talking about. If you really want to dive deep into this the Atomic Rockets people have pages dedicated to theoretical weapon calculations, including sidearms.

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  • $\begingroup$ That is a great link, but it's gonna take me a while to read all of this, so I'll have to leave it for my free time. $\endgroup$ – XenoDwarf Nov 11 '16 at 4:57

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