I agree that the most likely answer is "maybe," and submit that it depends upon how much of our culture is based on our evolution. Websters is saying culture is "the customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits of a racial, religious, or social group; also : the characteristic features of everyday existence (as diversions or a way of life) shared by people in a place or time." (Not the first definition, but the first one that's not mostly about art or petri dishes) Your question says that human cultures share common themes and items. To me, those are very different sets of nouns, with different levels of dependence on physical evolution.
Several different questions themselves:
As AndreiROM said, we are bipedal, two-armed, fingered and toed creatures; will other creatures with the same limbs and digits create the same objects - basic tools and clothes? At first blush this seems an obvious yes, but the more one considers the breadth of human history (all taking place after we were officially evolved into our current form) the less certain it appears: would the ancient Romans recognize our clothing as like unto theirs? Would tropical-dwelling people know what to do with the tools and clothes of arctic-dwelling people? The street clothes of modern American women are more scandalously revealing than the underwear of American women 150 years ago - the odds of being held in common with beings from a completely different planet seem low.
Creatures with forward-facing eyes and binocular vision are most likely predators of one stripe or another - what influence does being descended from a predator have on an intelligent species' culture? Is our warlike desire to kill others a result of a predatory base - on our world, a lot of predators do kill members of their own species - but is there a culture possible where killing members of one's own species is simply not a thing? Perhaps it would be enough to drive off competitors from an area; our murder might only translate as their "sent away." Perhaps not. We do have the sharp teeth, binocular vision, planning frontal lobe. When you have a hammer...
Due to our large brain size (if we do say so ourselves) we give birth to our young long before they are able to care for themselves. Would another race with a similar brain/body ratio (I'm now told it's an "encephalization quotient") develop similar parent/child/family social structures? This might be a toss-up. I've read a theory that says that the social nature of early primates selected for a brain large enough to manage all that socialization, suggesting that without being our kind of social, you don't get our kind of brain. Still, the concept of a family group seems deeply influenced by local area norms, and even Mars ain't in our local area exactly (much less Alpha Centauri or Deneb IV).
Overall, it certainly seems possible that there could be some things that might be recognizable, even familiar, but the chances that there was enough for a person to operate successfully in another planet's human culture... No, it's too great a stretch.