"The Coming of the French Revolution", by Georges Lefebvre lays out what seems to be the common denominator of true revolutions: the growth of the Middle Class and their attempt to preserve their wealth and political power against attempts by either the "rich" (Aristocracy) or poor to seize their wealth and eliminate their political power.
Ancient Greek philosophers may not have seen it in quite the same way, but most seem to have been in agreement that a large and flourishing middle class was necessary for the stability and longevity of the Polis.
Historical revolutions like the "Glorious Revolution", the American Revolution, the French Revolution and so on all seem to have followed this pattern of a growing middle class seeking to gain or retain its political power (and there is a case to be made the Brexit, rise of populist/nationalist political parties in Europe and politicians like Bernie Sanders and Donald Trump in the United States are powered by an enraged middle class who are tired of seeing their political, social and economic concerns ignored by the political, bureaucratic and academic classes.
The biggest issue isn't so much that an enraged middle class can or cannot carry out a revolution (the organizational skills and numbers of middle class merchants, artisans and businessmen is a huge plus in that regard), but rather can the middle class hold on to the gains that they achieved from a revolution?
The answer, sadly, seems to be only with great difficulty. Many revolutions disintegrate after the overthrow of the ruling class as various factions begin fighting among each other (the French Revolution is perhaps the most well known case). Eventually, the chaos is quelled by the arrival of "the Man on the White Horse", who promises to bring stability and end the chaos.