Yep, we're talking about a fictional universe where humans are replaced with bipedal humanoid bears who can talk, use tools and wear clothes.
To make a certain fictional country (which occupies a part of RL Russia) more interesting, I want to subject the Ural mountains to several changes.
In Real Life, the Urals look like this:
In most areas, the rather mediocre mountains barely hit the 1200 meter mark, the highest peak of the Urals stands at only 1895 meters. The thickness of the mountain range ranges from 40 to 150 kilometers.
In my fictional universe, the Urals are of more alpine nature, being similar to the European Alps and the Altai mountains.
The highest peak stands to over 4000 meters. The median width of the mountains ranges from 200 to 300 kilometers.
*Approximate elevation map. The colors mark the height of the highest peaks:
Green: <800m Yellow: 800-1400m Orange: 1400-2000m Red: >2000m*
The southernmost part of my alternative Urals slowly rises from the Kazakh steppe, just like the real counterpart.
The southern gradient is very small. The steppe plain slowly turns into a rolling forest-steppe landscape full of pastures and fields.
Further northwards, a landscape similar to the Appalachians or to the Black Forest appears. Wide and smooth valleys cut through the forested mountains that range from 500 to 1300 meters in height.
Further northwards, the landscape becomes truly alpine as bare peaks and sharp ridges appear. Mountain lakes of various sizes and long valleys cut through the rocky landscape.
The highest peaks stand at over 4000 meters.
Even further northwards, the mountains become slightly lower but still stand at 1500 to 2000 meters. Impressive rocky formations and cliffs appear as the peaks get covered in forest again. The valleys start to widen and lowlands start to cut through the mountains; they become more similar to the real Urals.
Finally, the alternative Urals turn into rolling hills again before terminating into the Northern Polar Sea.
My questions are:
Is such a change in the geography of northeastern Europe feasible?
What changes in geological and geographical factors could lead to a higher Ural mountain range?
How would the higher Urals affect the climate of Europe and Siberia?
Note: the climate in northeastern Europe and in Siberia is slightly milder and warmer in my alternative universe.