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Background:
In the game Starcraft 2, the zerg land-based units have some microfillaments on their legs. Here is the info. The microfilaments allow the units to move faster than normal when over the alien creep spread by their "Hive". One day, I was talking with a friend of how much power of a engine needs to move a vehicle that for some reason is almost levitating, light as a feather, and he said.
-"Well, if it is that light, you only need something like micro-legs to move it forward. You will save a lot of fuel".

Given the background my specific question is:
Would such thing as microfilaments and specialized ground (such as the creep) save fuel on currently used vehicles due the theorically more efficient traction? If it is so, would it be really worth building?

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  • $\begingroup$ You ought to copy-edit your post. $\endgroup$ – JDługosz Sep 3 '16 at 1:32
  • $\begingroup$ What should I edit? $\endgroup$ – UrielUVD Sep 3 '16 at 2:50
  • $\begingroup$ Typos (capitalization), spelling (missing letters), punctuation (also missing, as well as wrong). Just read your own post and see. $\endgroup$ – JDługosz Sep 3 '16 at 8:45
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As Separatrix points out, we already do use specialized ground. Roads and railroad tracks are extremely specialized to provide maximum efficiency.

Off-road, a key factor in the efficiency of a ground vehicle is "unsprung mass." This is mass which is not suspended by a spring, like our tires and wheels. When we go over a bump, this mass must be lifted upwards which costs energy. However, we're not very good at reclaiming that energy on the way down so it typically gets lost as heat. Minimize unsprung mass, and you maximize vehicle efficiency over terrain.

Microfilaments may qualify as the ultimate in unsprung mass because the entire structure is a big spring. Only the tips of the filaments actually have to reach the ground, and the rest is sprung mass. Also, if you have more of them than you actually need for support (i.e. thousands of filaments of which perhaps a hundred need to be in contact to move), you can be choosy about which filaments you even bother extending to meet the ground, reducing these costs even less.

Given that this is Starcraft, another option appears. I have no cannon source to back this up, but there's an interesting alternative give that this is the zerg:

All Zerg land-based strains move faster on creep than they do on regular ground. This is due to a collection of microscopic filaments that allow them to "skate" on the surface of the viscous substance without breaking through it.

What if instead of that quote meaning "every zerg unit has microfilaments," it means that the creep itself has the microfilaments and zerg units "skate" across them. It's not quite my first instinctive translation of that quote, but it fits very well with the nature of the zerg. Zerg units could travel faster on creep if the overmind wills it. In such a case, the creep could actually provide the fuel and musculature to move the zerg units above it. It would be like the world's most awesome moving walkway!

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  • $\begingroup$ That sounds similar to the surfaces used for handling cargo, except we use wheels or balls embedded in the ground. $\endgroup$ – JDługosz Sep 3 '16 at 1:34
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Specialised ground certainly saves a lot of trouble and allows significantly greater speed and efficiency. It's generally known as tarmac, though sometimes concrete is used.

We also have fancy pneumatic rubber tires, instead of wheels of wood with metal rims, that increase the traction and improve the ride and handling from what was available to previous generations.

Lighter vehicles also significantly reduce fuel consumption, especially compared to say, a siege tank.

None of this is the answer you want, but it's important to think where we are compared to the pure cross country of Starcraft.

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