Not unless the predecessor technologists were about as populous and industrious as we are.
We have made major, major changes to the composition of our planet. There are innumerable novel compounds that didn't exist on our planet at all until we synthesized them, and they've changed the nature of the planet. There is a movement within the geological sciences to dub the post-industrial period of Earth's geologic history the Anthropocene because of the radical changes we've made to our planet, which will be plain to see in the geological record for as long as our planet has an examiner to examine it. The idea that the oceanic ecosystems are in a possibly-irreversible process of collapse is almost universally regarded as true in the scientific community.
This is because there are so many of us doing so much, consuming so many resources, and producing so much waste. It's possible to imagine a brighter civilization that controlled its numbers and advanced its science and technology more responsibly. Perhaps a small tribe of technologists (Tesla's timelost children?) characterized by no exposure to other tribes (no external security concerns) and internal harmony (few internal security concerns) would be able to reach the information age without radically transforming their host planet... but it seems kind of unlikely. Our technological history doesn't really suggest that such a thing is possible. Particularly before the era of industrialization and capitalism (in which innovation seems to center on creating novel problems for which you can be paid for managing), innovation occurred to solve proximate problems. The level of social harmony necessary for a tiny population to innovate radically and quickly undermines any particularly strong motivation for doing so. If wild fruit trees produce a bountiful, nutritionally complete, and delicious diet year-round in your habitat, you'll never want for the science of baking, refrigeration, or even necessarily a wheelbarrow.