How to design a realistically looking technocracy?
I mean that’s a standard problem in even mildly SF setting. It’s quite clear how to make a futuristic republic (assuming that you can hire a few Jedis) or feudalistic monarchy (assuming that you have enough spice and no sand worms eat your cars), just the question is concerning a technocracy. I mean a democracy in future may sound as old fashion as tribal federation in early XXI century. A technocracy - a system that would prefer competency, be efficient but also have its own issues.
So my guesses, maybe I need to adjust something:
Universal suffrage replaced by weighted voting, where citizen rank is based on result of some universal test, also to stand for office passing even more tricky test is required
Single transferable vote (I like this idea, and when system is heavily aided by computers, then is quite easy)
Central bank and central statistical office as another constitutionally protected branches of gov
"Right to information" instead of "freedom of speech", gov is obliged to provide with easily accessible source of information including statistical data, a few news station in the style of BBC, etc. (right to lie is actually not protected nor right to organize lavish political campaigns)
Gov provides financial reports with the quality of at least public companies financial statement (is your country generating a profit or its equivalent? well, as a citizen may be interested to know...)
Constitutional protection requiring balancing budget in long term (including implicit liabilities like pension and healthcare for elderly citizen)
Instead of relying heavily on voting / referendum, use focus groups - a group of citizens is selected by random, given data to read and finally asked to answer which policy to select (no answering from gut feeling)
Free or heavily subsidised education
High level of anti-monopoly regulation and splitting monopolies / too big to fail companies
High level of experimentation within system - is a gov owned school better or worse than a private subsidised by educational voucher? Regardless what’s the right answer, such gov would be required to experiment and base final policy on the result. Experiments in this style would be a norm.
Gov agencies would bid to provide public services against private companies/NGOs (both for good and bad)
Reasonable? Or I should plan for story purposes such system differently? (the system does not have to be ultra nice, it just has be effective) (no, no communism, it was empirically tested and failed spectacularly)