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The world I am designing contains several ancient artifacts that among other things, share the common trait of allowing users to short-range teleport (think the Blink ability from Dishonored). The humans of the world are bound by our laws of nature, and are in a 1890s - 1910 level of technology, so they don't believe in magic or witchery. What is a way they can explain their newfound powers? THEORETIC/Strong Hypothetical Concepts are okay, they don't have the means to prove anything yet. My one limitation is that it can't be something we (as in 21st century humans) have disproven.

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  • $\begingroup$ There might be a highly unproven and quite question theory that's going around about quantum mechanics, but that's well outside 1890s-1910s level of scientific understanding. Besides that I think you're out of luck. Would you be okay with that? $\endgroup$ – Nex Terren Aug 5 '16 at 21:19
  • $\begingroup$ Are we talking instant teleportation or not? Because how you'd do one or the other is different... $\endgroup$ – Durakken Aug 5 '16 at 22:11
  • $\begingroup$ It doesn't have to be actually instant, it just has to feel instant and not interact with any in-between environment $\endgroup$ – knowads Aug 5 '16 at 22:35
  • $\begingroup$ Explanations in a world at 1890s-1910 level would invariably include concepts today we would discard as unscientific. Some scientific explanations at that level would border on the supernatural or could invoke the deity. You could be asking for a contradiction. With them knowing what is disproven in the 21st century & without the science to back it up. $\endgroup$ – a4android Aug 6 '16 at 13:42
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My previous answer and most of the others here may have put the cart before the horse. We've all striven to provide scientifically plausible explanations for how a teleportation device might work. But that isn't what the OP is asking. The question is...

How would 1890's scientists "explain their newfound powers", namely their PROVEN ability to teleport short distances.

All of us have attempted to mold the PROVEN FACT THAT TELEPORTATION WORKS in the OP's 1890s world, to our current understanding of science. That is backwards! That is not how science works.

Science lives and dies by observations. Every scientific belief lives with a knife against its throat. A single repeatable experiment result which contradicts any scientific theory, immediately slaughters it; leaving us in need of a new understanding.

So if teleportation existed and we couldn't empirically figure out how it really works, its existence would open the door to many new possible explanations, regardless of whether those explanations contradict our current understandings or not. Wild ideas would be thrown around and each new possibility would garner advocates to champion it against rival theories. Meanwhile, cool minds would carefully design experiments to eliminate those proposed theories which can be eliminated.

For example, some might believe that the teleportation artifact accesses a previously undetected axis of space/time. That on some level, every location is directly connected to all other locations in the universe. Any two locations are next to each other on this new axis, even if they are extremely distant on all of the other axis-es. No quantum tunneling or atomic disassembly is needed to traverse the distance via the other three axis-es of height, depth and width. Instead, you simply move along this fourth axis directly from here to there.

Who knows what other theories might be offered, but it is crucial to understand that it is not the proven fact which would bend to science's current beliefs. It is science which always must bend around what ever is truly present and can be perceived.

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  • $\begingroup$ Thanks for the edits! You're making me look like I know how to use this language. $\endgroup$ – Henry Taylor Aug 7 '16 at 16:58
  • $\begingroup$ I agree that the object is to figure out what they'd think, however. first we must figure out the method that it's actually using so we know what clues would be there. For example Nightcrawler produces a gas every time he teleports which makes you question where it is coming from which leads to the answer that it must be comes from other world since he's not losing mass himself... $\endgroup$ – Durakken Aug 7 '16 at 18:35
  • $\begingroup$ Congratulations! You've just rediscovered the fourth dimension, though without knowing it was the fourth dimension. A concept well known to late-19th-early-20th century scientifically minded persons. The concept featured in my answer. A small knowledge of history helps -- sometimes. $\endgroup$ – a4android Aug 8 '16 at 5:08
  • $\begingroup$ @a4android! Thank God it has a name. It was a b!+ch to describe, and I will probably want to use it again sometime. Thanks for the history lesson. BTW... the reason that the phrase "small knowledge" and "history" go so well together, is that there is sooooooo much history! None of us know it all, but almost always, the answer to every problem (whether practical or speculative, present or future-tense) can be found somewhere in our history. ...so "sometimes" is too modest a term for so powerful a knowledge. $\endgroup$ – Henry Taylor Aug 8 '16 at 5:37
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    $\begingroup$ HG Wells used the 4th dimension is several stories. CH Hinton was an early adopter. Edwin Abbott's FLATLAND: A Romance in many Dimensions (1884). Even Oscar Wilde's "The Canterville Ghost" used the 4th dimension in his hauntings. Higher dimensions were all the rage at that time. Clifford Pickovers's SURFING THROUGH HYPERSPACE (1999) might be a good place to start. The 4th dimension has a long history. Although these days it has been forgotten. $\endgroup$ – a4android Aug 9 '16 at 5:45
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The answer is as any history of science buff knows, especially if that person has more than a passing awareness of the 19th science fiction like the Victorian scientific romances, is a theory based on the fourth dimension.

Short-range teleportation by ancient artefact could be explained as an effect of passing through the fourth dimension from one place to another. Essentially this is not too dissimilar to theories involving higher dimensional spaces that are certainly not disproven by 21st century science. Today we wouldn't be able to understand the actual machinery of the ancient artefacts even if we thought we could explain their teleportation.

That's the most plausible explanation a person of science in the late 19th and early 20th centuries would come up with, that the ancient artefacts transported their users through the fourth dimension to accomplish short-range teleportation.

Interestingly Wilhelm Roentgen discovered x-rays in 1895, or as they were initially known roentgen rays. This coincides with with the era the OP is interested in. So possibly a theory could have been devised that the artefacts converted its users into a form of roentgen radiation to pass through intervening matter to arrive at their destination. While this hypothesis contravenes the OP's requirement that explanations shouldn't be disproved in the early 21st century science isn't like that.

Besides teleportation by roentgen radiation sounds like a fun concept. So typical of its era, and yet so wrong. Understanding discredited scientific concepts is an excellent way of understanding how scientists grappled with different ideas to comprehend the laws of nature. Today being turned into x-rays to be teleported sounds downright dangerous and utterly absurd. But not then. The past is a another country, their ideas were different too.

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  • $\begingroup$ +1 Fabulous answer! Especially the roentgen ray based transporter. That would fit beautifully into some SteamPunk that I've been contemplating. It is going into my idea journal right now! I'm off to look for a source of 19th century scientific romances. Thanks! $\endgroup$ – Henry Taylor Aug 8 '16 at 5:46
  • $\begingroup$ @HenryTaylor You're welcome! Glad you liked my roentgen ray teleporter. Have fun with it. Michael Moorcock relabelled 'steampunk' as "Steam Opera". This is an improvement. My writers' group loved the idea of steam opera. Most steam punk isn't punk at all. Worth digging into 19th C scientific romances, they have an originality & vitality. The prose can be laboured by modern standards. But for energy & ideas, plus the quirkiness and unexpected they can't be beaten. $\endgroup$ – a4android Aug 9 '16 at 4:46
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Method 1: Quantum Entanglement. Somehow entangle all the particles in your body with another set of particles. Somehow send the entangled particles forward without sending yourself backwards. Then, flip a switch and instantly move the information from your current particles to the projected forward particles, resulting in "teleportation".

Method 2: Somehow scan all the particles in your body at the precise moment activate the teleport and then use that data to construct a copy of you as you are being destroyed on the other end. If done with a handheld device you'd just have it create a copy of itself based on orientation and such without having to scan and duplicate itself then have the original destroy itself.

Method 3: Nightcrawler's method which is that he simply travels through another dimension (reality which exist in the same space as ours) so it looks like he's teleporting but not.

Method 4: Dimension Shifting. Shift's the user into a different "dimension" where all movement is some multiple of what it feels like. ie Think about how Minecraft works with the Nether. Every step you take in the Nether = 8 steps in the overworld. Same concept.

Method 5. Spacial Folding. Basically you "fold" space, bringing 2 points together so that they overlap. At first you are at point A. You want to go to Point C so you overlap with Point B so that when you step forward you go to point C, because Point B is connected to Point C.

Hypothetically we could do these things... but they'd rely on solving some problems or proving some theories as true such as multiworld theory in the case of Method 3.

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The world is a virtual reality and we are all just constructs within that computer program.

Teleportation is a simple process. I simply change the values of the X, Y and Z fields in my PhysicalBody.CurrentLocation variable and then wait while the system renders me at my new location.

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  • $\begingroup$ The law of conservation of energy is a compiled-in "asserts" check. Difficult to bypass, but not impossible if you know the code. $\endgroup$ – Wildcard Oct 22 '18 at 17:57
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You have to invent new physics, or invoke Clarke's Third Law

No, there is no science either in late the 19th century, nor in the 21th century, that can even begin to hypothesize about the mechanics behind that sort of thing.

Physics- and theories-wise it would be like someone finding a radio controlled quadcopter drone in the 1500s, i.e. 300 years before even Maxwell had come up with the theoretical concept of "electromagnetism" which then leads to "radio". In a world where geocentrism is still the predominant model of the universe; where the concept of gas does not even exist yet, they would be hopelessly lost at trying to make sense of any of the physics behind it.

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The biggest problem with your apparatus is that it (seemingly) violates the law of conservation of energy. Blink a weight 10 meters into the air, attach it to a chain, let it "fall" slowly while the chain turns a cogwheel attached to a generator. Rinse, repeat. Now you have free energy. We have nothing in physics that can start to explain that. Even on metaphysical levels, that should not be possible.

So you have to go the Arthur C. Clarke route and invoke magic: "Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic", that is to say: some advanced civilization left this artifact here. Physics? No... just, no. You have to invent new physics for this, or quite simply have your scientists shrug and invoke Clarkean Magic by saying "This is way above our heads... we cannot explain it".

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Instead of affecting space, the artifact may affect time. You can move normally, but after each second of movement, you go back one second in time. That is, you have to physically traverse the space through which you "teleport," but for those around you, no time has passed.

Obviously, there are drawbacks. First, you can't move to a place you couldn't normally reach, such as an upper floor. For instance, you can't get from the ground floor to a balcony without something to climb up or a stairway inside. Second, the device only operates for a limited period before it has to recharge, say sixty seconds, which limits the range. Third, you leave behind a series of phantasmal copies, one for each second. They fade instantly, but they leave a clear trail showing where you went. There's also an annoying buzzing sound that the device makes while operating.

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  • $\begingroup$ Welcome to Worldbuilding, RalphCrown, your answer is an excellent explanation for short-range teleportation. There is one problem. The OP wants a 19th century style theoretical explanation (but one which isn't disproved by current science) while this explains how it works it isn't a 19th C type explanation. I had once devised a similar mechanism for a FTL drive, so I approve of your idea. Glad to have you on-board. Have fun here! $\endgroup$ – a4android Jun 29 '17 at 13:15
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Teleport equals :

phase 1 -Kill the person by dismembering it at atomic level.

phase 2 -Rebuild atom by atom the person in another place.

phase 3 -Implant the memories and identity of the killed person in the new builded one.

Not quite a good idea...

You might prefer super-sonic speed for short ranges, someone moving at this speed would make a big noise that can break crystals and knock down people.

But, someone moving at this speed would be invisible for the human eye, therefore giving the illusion of teleportation.

Another option is creating portals by bending the space around you, but this ability would make anybody a living god.

I don't know how to achieve this two powers through technology,if i knew i would already have invented such things...

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  • $\begingroup$ It doesn't have to be Star Trek style teleportation. Any transmission of someone where they are not affected by the matter in between will work. $\endgroup$ – knowads Aug 5 '16 at 21:55

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