Which plant will be able to survive the condition on Mars? Does it even matter, isn't it just possible to genetically modify a plant so it can easily survive on Mars? What kind of genetically modified plant will terraform mars the quickest and won't need our help to do that?
My idea about such a plant supports the following requirements:
What my idea unfortunately won't support:
The idea started with pretty basic thinking, about the plant itself but it evolved to so much more than that. Now I can't barely imagine what couldn't make it work. Anyway let's start with the plant.
There is water on Mars but it's not in a liquid state so basically plants can't use it. That's why we have to bring it with us, but we will only supply one plant. Because we are actually only growing one plant. Yes I'm talking about foothills, at least if you can call a batch of connected plants, one plant :D
Okay so let's start with growing just one plant what will spread new plants via their branches, the new plant what grows is fed through the branch. This connection should less for ever because the children plants need water from the mother plant. The martian soil should be fine, regarding this research. Then there is solar radiation. Plants just can't survive that, right?
How will the module — what we've to put on the surface of Mars — look like? Well first of all the mother plant we're growing on the martian soil should be the only plant what we feed water, shelter from solar radiation. And that's why we also have to take care of the light for some plants. The water we use to feed the plant is very rare and should be recycled as much as possible. The children plants should be able to spread outside of the module but have to stay connected to the mother plant. The more children the mother plant will have, the more water is needed. That's where a rover comes in handy, one that searches for water and maintains plants what might grow outside the growing module.
The growing module is a module what contains lights, solar panels, water tank and is build in such a way so it can plant and research the mother plant. Research? Yes if we could do experiments on Mars than the whole process will go much faster!