3
$\begingroup$

Recently LIGO discovered gravitational waves caused by two black holes that were orbiting each other, and then collapsed into one black hole. A few months later, we find out that this actually happens quite often. However, these collisions are far enough away from Earth that no one can feel the gravitational waves, and it actually takes very precise measurement to even determine that they happen. So my question is, how close would a black hole collision have to be for us to feel the gravitational waves pass through Earth?

Secondly, is this even possible? As in, would the distance have to be so short that we'd get swallowed up before the black holes collided? And, if we were to feel such gravitational waves, what would they feel like?

EDIT: Let's say that the black holes have the same mass as Earth. So two Earth-sized black holes, ~18 mm in diameter (the size of a dime), that are stuck in an orbit finally collapse is the scenario here.

$\endgroup$

This question asks for hard science. All answers to this question should be backed up by equations, empirical evidence, scientific papers, other citations, etc. Answers that do not satisfy this requirement might be removed. See the tag description for more information.

  • $\begingroup$ Welcome to the site Cameron. I am no expert in astrophysics (there's a couple around here somewhere) but I would hazard a guess that the range would be dependent on the size of the black holes in question, so you will probably need to add that information to your question. $\endgroup$ – James Jun 23 '16 at 20:52
  • $\begingroup$ For more info on the site and how it functions check out help center and feel free to join us in Worldbuilding Chat once you hit 20 rep. $\endgroup$ – James Jun 23 '16 at 20:53
  • 3
    $\begingroup$ Similar question on astronomy se astronomy.stackexchange.com/questions/13764/… $\endgroup$ – James K Jun 23 '16 at 22:11
  • 5
    $\begingroup$ I'm voting to close this question as off-topic because we really don't know, it's not about wb, and it would be appropriate to ask on Astronomy. $\endgroup$ – JDługosz Jun 24 '16 at 2:40
  • 2
    $\begingroup$ We have done many questions on planets/black holes and alignments. This is quite literally world building scale conversation and is absolutely ON TOPIC $\endgroup$ – James Jun 24 '16 at 14:40
1
$\begingroup$

The strain observed in the https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_observation_of_gravitational_waves is a maximum of 10^-21. Assuming that a displacement of 10^-3 ( a 1m long object gets made 1mm longer) and that the strain is inversely proportional to distance, then the event would need to be 10^18 times closer to be noticeable. As the original signal was 3 billion light years away and a light year is 10^16 m then the max noticeable distance is 3*10-9 ly =3*10^7m under a tenth of the distance to the moon.

$\endgroup$

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.