The question in short is: How would a community in a post-apocalyptic world punish a criminal that was a member of that community?
Apocalypse is a one-day event somewhere in 2014~2016, up to 70% of all human population is lost in the following chaos.
Three Eastern Pacific tribes--A, B and C--of human beings emerged in Western Canada after 20 years of recovery, each has a population of about 500,000 inhabitants and are mutually intolerant due to ideological differences, they are separated so: A is on the Victoria Island, B is East of the Rocky Mountains, C is below the American-Canadian boarder and on the west coast.
Question and concerns
If a person is convicted of crime--say murder--in one of these tribes, what realistic form of punishment may be imparted? The followings forms have been considered:
- An eye for an eye--execution/maiming: This method of punishment, while cheap and clean, may be rejected because of cultural reason, because it is the tendency and the desire of society to move its punishments away from retribution.
- Imprisonment: This method, while appealing because it resembles the method used in the pre-apocalyptic civilization, may be too expansive to enforce--facility and security personnel are needed, and a post-apocalyptic tribe may not be able to afford these.
- Force-labour camp: This on the surface seem to be a more economic variant of the second method, but the need to oversee the criminals outside of enclosing facilities (prison), may offset any benefit from the product of such labour.
- Banishment: This seems particularly undesirable as the criminals may choose to join one of the other tribes, thereby not only receiving little punishment but also strengthen the rival tribes with information and manpower.
What then, may be an appropriate treatment of criminals in such a setting?