I would say, No
Any geological even af this magnitude would be very unlikely to happen without massive vulcanic activity and vulcanic activity on this scale would cover the earth with ashen clouds and send temperatures plummeting. The ash spreading from the erruptions would also be speckled with tiny shards of glass and anybody inhaling too much of that would end up choking on their own blood.
Anybody surviving through the first couple of weeks would starve or freeze to death.
So yea, no survivors, no people and very few if any land animals. Even plantlife would mostly die. Possibly some life forms in the sea, but no bigger ones. Very terrible. Don't do this at home.
If you want this to happen without major vulcanic activity you should considder having it happen over a longer scope of time.