A goddess decides to create a race of human-like creatures. Instead of leaving them to their own devices, she takes a parental approach and lives among them. She first creates a handful of them who eventually procreate and so-on and so-forth. She literally lives among them as a physical presence and looks like them, aside from being a little taller and, to their eyes, significantly more beautiful/perfect in appearance.
- Can see into the hearts and minds of her people but cannot physically see them if they are out of her field of vision (just as we humans cannot).
- If she wished to she could heal the sick, bring the dead to life, teleport across long distances and develop magnificent technologies for them, but she generally chooses not to. These miraculous powers are rarely exhibited, but likely often enough that each generation would have seen at least one.
- She provides guidance and wisdom, but otherwise does not intercede in the daily life of her people.
- However, she would intervene if it was necessary for the survival of the whole species (eg. natural disaster, plague).
- She values justice and fairness above all other things and functions as a judge for her people in disputes. (Though as the population grew she would likely be the "supreme court" to other judges.)
- She deeply loves her people, but does not wish to shield them against the regular hardships of everyday life.
- Could conjure anything she wishes from nothing.
- She is both invincible and immortal and so would be with her people forever.
- Being a goddess is also a 'learning process' for her - she may change her behaviour over time.
- In some instances she may deliver justice to people who commit crimes others are not aware of. For example, if she was aware of a particularly terrible murder that no one else knew about, she may take matters into her own hands.
- She values life (but also the life cycle. ie. she doesn't prolong natural lifespans) and morals that are fairly consistent with our own.
- She is not omnipresent.
By our standards, whether the goddess is actually a god or not is debatable, but she does have power far beyond anything her people could comprehend or ever do themselves. From the first generation her people revere her as a god, though understandably there would be times in their history where they may not like her.
My question is: How would living with such a powerful being affect the development of a new society? How would such a society be different or similar to monotheistic religious societies on Earth?