Previous discussion: Medieval politics with fantasy races
In the question above I was focused primarily on how having various fantasy races would impact a traditional medieval monarchy.
Unfortunately the idea of a monarchy in this situation seems to be less and less plausible the more I ponder the scenario. At best this kingdom would have a few generations (seriously it's not likely) of benevolent rulers. The problem is no matter how many ways I look at it I can't escape the likely devolution where a king begins to oppress the other races and where one race eventually dominates the others.
A bicameral democracy makes a lot of sense in this scenario but that does not (in my mind) work in a medieval setting. Many of the institutions and communication tools necessary for a democracy simply don't exist in a medieval world.
So... keeping in mind the proclivities of each fantasy race (as listed in the previous question) as well as the kingdom details found below,
What system of government would best apply to this situation.
Answers will be judged based on provided historic example(s) and how well they cover the details of the kingdom and races.
- 4 large multi-racial cities (all races present in the city limits)
- 2 Elven forest settlements
- Many human villages
- Many gnome villages (Humans and gnomes often mix together in these smaller towns)
- 1 dwarven stronghold
- A section of the orc tribe lands
The kingdom engages various neighbors none of which are nearly as large or diverse. It borders a fully dwarven kingdom, an elven forest enclave, some mostly human city states as well as some unaligned lands that contain various nomadic/tribal peoples.
Added racial trait (this should be considered part of the list from the other question)
Racial tolerance toward "slow" government
- Orcs. The orcs are great in this regard, as generally aloof and disinterested in the machinations of the realm (again they generally don't see themselves as part of the kingdom) they couldn't care less how effective and timely the government is.
- Elves. Being longer lived elves are more tolerant toward a more slowly changing and acting government preferring to collect as much information and considering as many options as possible before a decision is made.
- Humans. Humans are less inclined to long debates than elves preferring a "good enough" approach to collecting information/options. But then as mentioned humans are notoriously disparate in their actions and attitudes so they are less consistent when compared to other races.
- Dwarves. Dwarves are resistant to most things that attempt to place outside controls on their race. That said they are reasonable and have been willing to accept limitations in the past in the right situations.
- Gnomes. Similar to humans in their expected rate of action but generally amiable and so long as their is nothing pressing are willing to engage in lengthy debates