Utopian Communism / Utopian Fascism / Utopian Monarchy
Money, is a form of currency. It's used to symbolize what other items are worth. For example, a can of tuna could cost me three pencils and razor blade. Instead, it costs 0,8€ (more or less).
Currency is needed to ease trades, and have a common ground for everything. With that said, why is it needed?
It's needed because we need to trade goods to survive. Think of the world like a supermarket. You and 10 other guys can go to a supermarket and claim one aisle as yours. People stuck in the toy department would have problems because they had no food nor water, however, they have things that are appreciated by others, which can be traded for x water or y meat. The person at the meat section would need water, but since the person that has the water may need meat a fair trade can be arranged.
Problem is with monopolies, the water/meat can essentially dominate the supermarket by being the sole providers. They can even promise 1-2 guys that they'll give them food and water in exchange for protection, and you have a business which works on water/meat as currency.
Why was that important?
Because it's what we have with money. We have companies that control the products we need to survive, and as such we need to provide them with other products (in this case, money) in order to survive.
How would a society function without currency?
In Communism, every person is regarded as an equal, below the state who is above all, with select groups who are essentially the enforcers, who are also above 'the rabble'.
In Fascism, every person is the same, except for the leader, and the enforcers below the leader
In a Traditional Monarchy, there are three major groups, the Nobility, the Clergy and the Peasantry. The Nobility owns land and protects/polices it. The Clergy is in charge of events and exists independently of religion. It's a group dedicated to improve life. Finally the peasantry is delegated with producing for ALL classes. Sure, it may seem unfair, but they're the ones being protected by the nobles and entertained by the clergy
Don't they sound the same?
All three are essentially the same thing, except with different nomenclature. Sure, communism is based on a ruling group while fascism is on a ruling person. And Monarchy is a mess, it's being ruled by a King, but the King has to balance his power between all Dukes/Counts.
How would a society without currency work?
Quite nicely actually. First of, we need 3 things:
- Self Sustained Land (Does not need to import ANYTHING)
- Intelligent Population (They need to be logical over Emotional)
- Knowledge in Martial Arts
Self Sustained Land:
This is imperative because we need to feed everyone, and be able to keep everyone happy.
If we have a society with a single leader, and despite everyone being well taken care of, I gather a few people who are greedy and want to rule themselves, then I'll be able to overthrow the leader. However, the rabble I gather won't allow me to simply replace, I'd have to form a system where everyone would feel in control...a democracy*. But then, I'd just be forcing myself to give up control, and I'd have to establish a way to keep everyone happy by creating a way to get power. Power = Resources, so I'd essentially just bring back currency.
So no, we need an intelligent population.
Knowledge in Martial Arts
We need to be able to be able to prevent our territory from being taken (which would unbalance our whole system)
How would it work?
We first divide everyone in groups/classes. We need to have an active military in order to defend our resourceful society. If we lose our ability to not rely on others, we quickly fall down. Defending our sustainability is key.
Secondly we chose a ruler, who will own the title of Sovereign (President/King/Chancellor/Khan/etc). This title is hereditary, except when it's vacated by the sovereign himself (No good Heir) or by a council.
Thirdly we chose the council. Essentially Dukes. Each member gets a district/state to run and distribute resources in. Each council member can also vote out the sovereign / disinherit heirs if they are not found to be good rulers.
Then (4) let's get the counts.. or mayors if you will. Essentially a collectivity below each duke, who rule regions beneath the duke. These would be in charge of distributing the resources to the 'barons'. They should also be the ones in charge of keeping Police.
5th Step. Barons, or Parish Presidents, Essentially ruling a community, and working to improve it.
This is similar to what we have nowadays. In the US (as viewed from an outsider perspective), they have a President (United States), who is above the Governors who rule states (California).Then Each state has a Counties (Los Angeles), who then have cities (Hollywood). In addition to this, there would be parishes who are something common in other countries (essentially it's another tier, below a city, who is ruling over a small region such as a couple of neighbourhoods)
Each County would be in charge of either Manufacturing, Processing, or Development of goods for other counties in the Duchy. One County could be based on farmlands, and a second one on factories who process and ship the goods. If not, the county would be either military or population focused.
Each Duchy would be responsible for ensuring that each County has the ammount of resources needed, and if in lack request from the King. Each Duke should provide surplus to other Duchies in exchange for.. nothing. Note that while this may seem harsh, it's expected for the country, and each duchy to be self sustained, and regions who cannot provide solely for themselves, would most likely be in regions with advanced activities (Law, Research etc), who would then provide services for other Duchies when needed.
Finally, you have to ensure that and most importantly, everything is covered. As long as everyone has an activity to do, and everyone is well taken care for (No Starvation, No excesses and absolutely no unemployment), then any logical person would be content with its life. After all, the only thing anyone else could want is more, however, they don't need more, they would be being greedy, and as such, going against the society.
In the end, you'd end up with a society who doesn't value trades, because as long as they do their part, they will be taken care of. The second the country is unable to provide for itself is the second the society will fall. The people in higher 'classes' aren't necessarily higher, they are simply doing bureaucracy, making sure everyone is well taken care of. It's also why it should be hereditary, as the feeling of ownership not only makes people not want something to be destroyed, but also prevents fights for more power.
And there you go, your little own utopian society
I don't mean that everyone is only allowed the bare minimum to survive. Everyone receives proportionally to what they need (and a bit extra). Essentially it's like an home...but gigantic. Everyone can get to the pantry and take what they need, if they don't need more they can just return it. Everyone is also able to have a phone, clothes as long as they respect them (Not breaking stuff because you don't have to directly work for it - which is why you need intelligent populace)