I was wondering what types of houses could be established in a desert which has been covered in snow for the last five years. Wood is somewhat accessible from merchants, and from trips to a neighboring forest, but still somewhat of a hassle. Also, what types of quick shelters could be established with minimal resources?
This answer is not yet complete I will add more building types.
Igloo: Compact snow for bricks and build in a dome shape for strength.
Pros: Free materials easy to find and transport. Quite strong structure. For a house made of snow they are quite warm as long as it is reasonably well sealed.
Cons: Needs multiple people to build. Can melt in summer. If partially melted, they can collapse.
Quick note: For a quick house that can be made by one person dig a hole in a snow hill and seal the entrance. These can be dangerous as powdery snow will collapse.
Tent: Use a frame of strong, light sticks in a pyramid shape. Bind them together with some sot of string/twine (Can be made from animal remains) Cover this in a tight fitting piece of fur.
Pros: Quick and easy to build. Portable, just untie the poles and wrap them in the fur.
Cons: Can be quite cold, use in summer. Inflammable. Can be damaged quite easily.