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In the future, in a galaxy far far away... I have a star just like the sun. I was wondering, how many planets could I fit into the Goldilocks zone (aka the region where water is liquid) around this star?
Note - I understand that these conditions are unlikely, but if it helps you to know this system can be manufactured by some futuristic alien race. They just need to calculate how many planets (and where they go).
The star is like our sun in every way. The planets have to be 1.25-.75 Gs. They can be as close to the sun as you want, but areas at the poles need to have liquid water. They can also be far away, but areas at their equators have to have liquid water. Assume that these planets are the only objects within their sun's sphere of influence, and that they don't have moons. (To make everyone's lives easier, no binary planets.)
Given these restrictions, how many planets can I have around this sun?
There are several reasons this question is not a duplicate.This differs from this question because I specify the size and heat of my star, I asked for no binary pairs of planets, no gas giants, and no moons. I also have only one star. The answers in the other question talk about how many are possible including binary planets. Not only is my question different in these ways, but I ask for hard science answers. I want to see your proof that this is possible.