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In these two questions, https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/232141/how-much-force-would-be-required-to-destabilize-the-moons-orbit-enough-for-it-to and https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/232563/how-much-force-would-it-take-for-you-stop-the-moon-from-crashing-into-the-earth , I asked how much force it would take to destabilize the Moon's orbit enough for it to crash into the Earth, and how much force it would take to stop it from crashing into the Earth.

Now, let's assume that the Moon DID crash into the Earth, but Earth's politicians banded together and mustered the strength to slow down the moon so that it touches the Earth softly (using the sheer power of rhetoric, insincere speeches, and flawed logic).

What would be the long-term effects, environmental, political, and geographical, of the Moon being constantly in contact with the Earth?

Now, let's add a(nother) wrinkle to this problem. For some reason or another, perhaps using more rhetoric, insincere speeches and flawed logic, neither the moon nor the Earth has been damaged by the impact OR the gravitational pull.

What would be the effects in that scenario?

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    $\begingroup$ Damn, I wish politicians could cooperate like this in other scientific endeavors! $\endgroup$ – HDE 226868 Jan 29 '16 at 23:52
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    $\begingroup$ Wouldn't be substantially different from this, would it? $\endgroup$ – sh1 Jan 29 '16 at 23:58
  • $\begingroup$ Does anyone even consider these questions? They all always say that everyone will burn and die. Even if it happened super slow. $\endgroup$ – Xandar The Zenon Jan 30 '16 at 1:22
  • $\begingroup$ if they were roughly equal is mass and spinning fast enough it could work. worldbuilding.stackexchange.com/questions/4460/… $\endgroup$ – King-Ink Jan 30 '16 at 1:37
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    $\begingroup$ @XandarTheZenon, I don't think the speed of the impact is enough to stop both objects breaking up under gravity. A naive visualisation would suggest to me that the weight of the moon sat on top of the crust of the earth would probably break it. Anyone who writes an equation (or wears a labcoat) and says the same thing will totally convince me. $\endgroup$ – sh1 Jan 30 '16 at 3:40
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Rocks aren't strong enough. Set the moon down and it will crumble under its own weight. The Earth's crust is only a few miles thick and would not take the weight either.

You would wind up with a sphere, for the same reason these bodies don't have irregularities on this scale to begin with.

Even though it was lowered gently, the collapse of thousand-mile-tall mountains will release enough energy to melt the crust after boiling the oceans dry.

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  • $\begingroup$ But what if the politicians could harness enough hot air to keep the moon just barely touching the Earth ;-) $\endgroup$ – Cort Ammon Jan 31 '16 at 2:49
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The Moon will actually turn into a ring

The Earth's Roche Limit for an object with the mass and density of the moon is about 9-18 thousand kilometers away from the center of the Earth. The moon is about 1.7 thousand km in radius. This means that the moon will be subjected to tidal forces sufficient to break it apart as soon as it got to within that distance of the planet. Physically, you cannot have an intact de-orbiting moon "landing" on the planet.

enter image description here

Congratulations, your politicians did it!

Champagne bottles popping everywhere, right?

Not so fast, it's getting really tidy in here

Of course, the tides caused by a moon that much nearer would be immense (hundreds of meters). Add in the tectonic tidal heating (earth crust movements of several tens of meters each day), and the associated earthquakes and volcanos, and you might get (briefly) angry voters anyway.

PS: The magnitude and duration of the tides will depend on how quickly the moon decays in its orbit, and that will dictate if and how it turns into a homogenous ring (no tides). Moreover, the tidal fragmentation is likely to result in chaotic impacts among the fragments, which will likely send significant amounts of material barreling into the Earth, for a bombardment worse than the one that killed the dinosaurs.

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If the moon was gently placed at the north pole after being spun up to earth's rotation a few things would happen. I am not doing the math so my answer will be inexact. I will try to err on the side of survivability.

1) it would look like this

enter image description here

Notice the Moon is quite a bit smaller than the Earth.

2) The barycenter would shift. The moon is 0.012 times the mass of earth so its "down" would effectively be the direction of the just north of the center of the earth. all the dust loose rocks etc on the sides of the moon would fall towards their new home. I assume this will make some noise and make a dust cloud of some size.

3) Under the weight of the moon, the crust of the earth at the pole would be pushed down most likely cracking a bit as the moon tries to reach the center of the earth. Increased magma pressure is probably not a great thing for preventing earthquakes so there may be some of those. We will be lucky of it cracks if the crust somehow just deforms then most of the world's water would drain to the pole. Don't worry we will have some of both.

4) Other than really fun one that happened on moon kisses the earth day we will no longer have effective tides leading to widespread extinction in the ecologies that require them. Well, the ones that did not go extinct from the dust, earthquakes, lava flows and tidal waves.

5) Eventually, the moon becomes a sort of polar mountain and, in the long run, the poles are flattened again, The dominant species is procaryotic. Except the moon is denser than the earth's magma and would sink like a stone.

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    $\begingroup$ Honestly, you erred too far on the side of survivability. But you made a good attempt to address the spirit of the question. $\endgroup$ – Joanna Marietti Aug 23 '16 at 7:02
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There are no long-term effects, because the very short-term effects destroy all life on Earth. The Moon immediately breaks up due to the tidal force from the Earth's gravity, and while some of the fragments eventually form a ring around the Earth, and a few are ejected into higher orbits or out of the Earth's gravitational influence altogether, most of them end up crashing onto the Earth in a colossal meteorite bombardment that melts the surface and sterilises the planet.

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