This question is in the same world as this one: What would the rules for carry and use of weapons be affected by reliable stun guns? stun weapons exist and abide by all the rules listed in the linked question which goes into detail.
My question, how will police policies change with the presence of stun guns, both in the arms of police officers and in the arms of civilians. A few key point I know
- Stunning is still painful, and so police can't just stun anyone they want since it's still an assault
- Criminals are not afraid of stun guns due to their lack of lethality. There has been complaints of criminals hurting or killing cops armed only with stun guns because they weren't afraid to attack the police since being stunned will not harm them (beyond the pain of waking up). This has lead to some call for cops having lethal weapons as an option.
- Regular pistols have a slightly longer effective range then stun guns, putting cops at a slight disadvantage if armed with stun guns vs pistols. However, the accuracy range is lower and about the same, affected more by training in use of weapons then the specific weapon used.
- pistols are at least slightly less common, being more strictly regulated, but stun guns are more common with both criminals and civilians
- Criminals are more likely to fire on cops now since they aren't afraid of getting life in prison for killing a cop, which makes me curious how severe the punishment for trying to stun a cop will be...
- civilians are a little more prone to deciding to get in on a fire fight with stun guns, mostly to the annoyance and frustration of police officers.
In this world, what will police armaments and regulations look like? Will police officers carry lethal weapons, or only stun ones? When will police officers be allowed to stun a subject, and how will 'wrongful stunning' be handled (since you know cops will be inclined to shoot first ask questions later in a situation that could potentially be lethal armed with a stun gun). How will the police respond to criminals trying to stun them or who does stun a cop?
In short, what interesting effects does presence of stun guns have on how police do their jobs?