In a world where cybernetic replacement is common practice among military, how and why would a cyborg whose organic tissue has died maintain a human identity?

This partly comes from just liking the visual image of a robot combined with a skeleton, and the notion of translating common fantasy tropes such as skeleton warriors into a sci-fi setting, but also ties into issues of death and identity.

The setting I am imagining is post-post-apocalyptic, the world is mostly war-torn anarchy with some factions working together (based on other fantasy trope translations) but with little connection to the human dominated current era. One exception I have considered to the 'dead organic matter' is that the necrodroid could have possession of a line of cancer cells from its originator, but it would not have original brain or nerve matter.


1 Answer 1


Once the organic material in a cyborg dies, it either needs to be replaced, or the cyborg dies. You cannot keep the dead tissues working; if you could, they wouldn't be dead, after all.

How does the cyborg maintain his human identity? Well, as long as his brain is still functioning, you might as well ask how an amputee maintains his humanity. This would be a highly philosophical question, but scientifically speaking, your "being" is in your brain.

So what if the cyborg's brain dies? This leads us back to the above statement: He either replaces his brain, or he dies. There are of course different ways he could replace his brain:


Essentially, as long as you keep cloning your original tissues, nothing else matters. Only, a human's "being" isn't made of only his brain, but is also formed by knowledge and experience. Or in other words: External influence. To maintain his human identity, the cyborg would need to somehow copy all information from his old brain to the new one; a backup of sorts.

A new brain

Here, your cyborg just takes one of several brains available on the market. Morals and ethics aside, as long as the new brain is compatible with the cyborg's inorganic components, there's nothing wrong with using a different brain.

Just like with cloning, the cyborg would need to backup his old brain first. He'd also need to wipe his new brain clean, lest he wants to enjoy his newfound schizophrenia. And finally, he'd need to ensure his new brain works the same way as his old one, or else he might behave differently to certain stimuli, which would arguably impact his identity.

Cyber upgrade

When old tissues die, what better excuse to replace organic components with inorganic ones? Using a powerful microchip instead of some inefficient and highly sensitive brain certainly has its advantages; immunity to concussions being one of them.

In order to maintain his human identity, the cyborg would not only need to restore a backup of his old brain, but he'd also need to ensure the chip emulates his old brain as closely as possible. Naturally, he'll eventually adapt to the fact that he no longer has to hold back when head-banging, which would impact his identity, but that's inevitable.

Once the cyborg's using a chip instead of a brain, you might ask yourself if he's still human in the first place. That is also a philosophical question. In fact, it's not just a single such question. There's the Ship of Theseus which is about the question: If you keep replacing small parts of a ship until none of its original parts remain, is it still the same ship? And there's also the question: What does it mean to be human? Can a machine be human as long as it behaves like a human?

Regardless. As long as the new brain holds all of the information of the old one and is capable of processing those information the same way the old brain did, your cyborg should retain his identity at the very least. Whether he's still himself or even human in the first place, that's something you'd better ask the philosophers.

  • $\begingroup$ I found the Ship of Theseus link quite useful. The head-banging applications were also appreciated. The creature is meant to be a former cyborg, dead now, so no longer a cyborg. I guess the computer replacement for the brain and how this might occur in the most realistic, or believable fashion is still a sticking point. The motivation for the procedure over just building robots, might also need some clarification. $\endgroup$
    – Resin213
    Oct 14, 2015 at 20:19
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ What about going in reverse? What if a robot was progressively given organic materials, such as (either enhanced or sub-par) brain tissue, etc? And what if scientists were to discover some other source of intelligence and identity (the supernatural becomes "natural" as it is better understood). Bicentennial Man deals with the trope in reverse. I recall an RPG (can't recall the name right now) where there were both cybernetics and bionetics. Artificial organs and extra limbs could be organic or mechanical. $\endgroup$ Oct 14, 2015 at 21:59
  • $\begingroup$ @KimballRobinson Possibly Shadowrun? $\endgroup$
    – user867
    Oct 15, 2015 at 6:01
  • $\begingroup$ Copying a human brain over another human brain is a hard task to consider, it's not all neat and tidy in there like computer memory. It's a massive mess of neural links with the data encoded into the links themselves. $\endgroup$
    – Tim B
    Oct 21, 2015 at 10:47

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