Now I know this is a very weird and impossible question, there is clearly no civilization on Venus. But for the sake of the story I'm cooking up in my head, Venus remains habitable and develops life alongside Earth.
Now the details of how Venus doesn't turn into a hell world is moot and respectfully, not what I'm asking about. But I will give a simple description of the environment of this version of Venus as I think it does matter.
Essentially Venus in my story is a place old science fiction writers centuries ago imagined Venus to be a tropical, warm and misty "paradise planet". I like to imagine Venus shrouded in clouds although not to the extent in our world, but enough to obscure some surface features.
The intelligent species will be named Venusians for simplicity sake and be similar to humans in appearance and appendages etc. (Also for simplicity sake). Now my question is given these simple parameters, (and assuming Venusians develop technology alongside humans and are only 5-10 years behind) When would humanity be able to realize there is an intelligent species on Venus? Would it be before the Space Race? during? after? And when I say "when" I mean what time period/ year.