Alright, we are in a medieval fantasy setting. In this setting, northern warriors (basically vikings or typical fantasy barbarians) have berserkers that use certain potions that make themselves stronger, called tonics. There are three main types.
The first type fills the warrior with incredible rage and strength. Warriors under its effects feel no pain and may be injured, potentially fatally, and not notice or slow down at all until the effects wear off. The typical berserker rage. We will call this one the bear tonic.
Type two focuses the warrior and sharpens their reflexes. To the warrior, its as if time has slown down. They can react to arrows being fired the moment the archer releases the string and can see through any feint or trick in melee combat. The only limitation that a warrior has under this potion's effects is how fast the warrior can move normally. This is more like a focused berserker, one that can perceive pretty much anything around him. We will call this one the raven tonic.
The last one is what im having trouble with. While the bear tonic simply numbed the sensation of pain, it doesnt actually make the warrior's body actually resistant to damage. Injuries taken on that tonic are just as serious and deadly as without the tonic's effects. This last tonic does make it harder to be damaged. A warrior under this tonic's effect can take heavy blows and deadly slashes, and after the battle is done, they only seem to be minor bruises and cuts. Even slashes that are serious stop bleeding very quickly and fighters attacking those under its effect will find that their weapons seem to have more trouble getting their weapons to cut and stab deep, as if there is just more resistance when attempting to do so, like theyre attacking into a piece of wood rather than flesh. We will call this one the boar tonic.
What im having trouble with is how the boar tonic actually does this. With the bear and raven tonic, these are effects that are (sort of) possible. Ive heard stories of people being able to lift vehicles off of trapped people in times of high stress, which would be similar to the bear tonics strengthening effect, and ive also heard of police officers being able to read the headstamps on the bottom of bullet casings as the casings fly past their eyes in intense shootouts, as if time has slowed down, like the raven tonic. These tonics are based of off effects that are at least believable.
But I dont know how anything could turn serious injuries into minor ones apart from dumb luck of people surviving accidents that they really should not have been able to. I thought that maybe it just creates an 'unconscious reflex' where warriors are dodging attacks in such a way that it turns serious injuries into more minor glancing blows and the warrior just isnt consciously processing that, but that sort of bleeds into the effects of the raven tonic, and id like for each of these tonics to be unique in their effects. So for the question:
What does a potion that increases resistance to damage actually do to the body to make that resistance? Is there a real bodily function that we have that helps us become more resistant to impacts and slashes before injury that this tonic can turn up to 11?